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The Governance of the Smart City

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Concept presentation of Smart City Exhibition 2014, Press Conference, 3 June 2014, Rome

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The Governance of the Smart City

  1. 1. CONTEMPORARY WITH IN AGREEMENT WITH THE GOVERNANCE OF THE NEW CITIES From single projects to organic policies of territorial transformation Press Conference, concept presentation SMART City Exhibition 2014 Rome, 3rd June 2014 Sala Aldo Moro, Palazzo Montecitorio
  2. 2. Why smart city keeps on being a priority « Cities are the closest governmental level to the majority of the world’s population… » (M. Bloomberg, ex-mayor of New York) This fact bring them to much faster transformative interventions compared to their central governments.
  3. 3. Today the 50% of people live in urban areas, consume the 75% of resources and produce the 80% of gas carbon. With the actual trend in 2050 the world population will reach 9 billion people with the 70% in urban areas. In the 30 most developed Countries vehicles will pass from the actual 700 millions to 1,7 billions. Why smart city keeps on being a priority
  4. 4. The great urban phenomenons will happen outside of our country but in the same geopolitical area: Est Europe and the Mediterranean basin. Italy is its junction and can catalyse the ongoing processes placing itself as a guide-laboratory, above all for the emergence of alternative models based on middle-towns, quality of life and potentiality of cultural heritage. Why smart city keeps on being a priority
  5. 5. In Italian cities we assist the unstoppable demand of spaces for free socialization or cultural production while the wave of sharing economy overwhelm the markets… Why smart city keeps on being a priority
  6. 6. All of this quesions about specificities that jointly the reform of territorial governance impose an abrupt acceleration for policies programming and for arragment of technological platforms able to systematise the complexity of the Coutry-System, enabling its development towards innovation. Why smart city keeps on being a priority
  7. 7. Why smart city keeps on being a priority In the meantime something will happen wordlwide:  In 2015 in Italy the 35% of new buildings’ consumption will be feeded by renewable sources, penalty the denial of the building permit (Dlgs 28/2011);  In 2016 the 50% of Italian population will be able to connect through broadband at 30 Megabit (Caio Report);
  8. 8. Why smart city keeps on being a priority  In 2017 the world sustainable mobility can grow up to 19.5% among electric, plug-in electric cars and hybrid vehicles (Pike Research);  In 2018 in USA e-commerce will reach 414 billions dollars turnover, 70% of those in mobile (Forrester);
  9. 9. Why smart city keeps on being a priority  In 2019 the number of global subscribers to Lte services will pass to about 2 billions from 229,7 millions in 2013 (ABI Research);  In 2020 the world of Internet of Things will encounter 26 billions of connected objects, an increased number of about 30 times compared to 2009 (Gartner).
  10. 10. Why smart city keeps on being a priority These are datas that prefigue a necessary transformation of life style in urban areas. Smart City and Smart Community are cities and territories interpreted as combinations of informative fluxes and web of relations and communications, both phisical and digital, characterized by the capability to create social capital, people well- being, better quality of life. CONNECTION, PARTICIPATION, SUSTAINABILITY. These are the solutions!
  11. 11. Why smart city keeps on being a priority Systematising, these are the scopes: Enabling Technologies Mobility Tourism Safeguarding of the territory Employment Logistic Culture Health Environment
  12. 12. Which resourches and opportunities The European Urban Agenda is at stake of Structural Funds 2014-2020: – The 5% of funds will be addressed to projects for cities; – In Italy is dedicated a PON is dedicated to Metropolitan Areas To such areas are addressed a total of about 1 billion euros. In detail, to each city in South will go from 80 to100 millions, while to those in Center- North and Sardinia from 35 to 40 millions. 1
  13. 13. Which resources and opportunities Inside Horizon 2020 – the new European Program to finance Research and Innovation for 80 billions of euros – the interventions for the Smart City are part of 2 on 3 financement branches: - Industrial Leadership - Societal Challenges With a series of specific competitions already started and others expiring on March 2015, a reason to fastly proceed in defining partnerships. 2
  14. 14. Which resources and opportunities More than 850 millions of euros in Italy have been addressed to MIUR competitions, projects that need to be monitored and support by central government as well as a coordination to ease a reuse for the creation of an archive of intelligent solutions: To see where things work and systematize the surveyed experiences (benchmark). 3
  15. 15. Which resources and opportunities To fund the Smart City is possible, with three conditions: 1) Spend less, spend better by reusing and targeting investments; 2) promote public/private parnerships; 3) do mix funding (project financing, European and national financing, ppp). Using the new European programming in a strategic way.
  16. 16. The Italian situation is specific • 15 cities with more than 200.000 inhabitants; • a widespread presence of middle-towns; • the 85% of municipalities with less than 10.000 inhabitants. In smart city planning emerged in such context:
  17. 17. The Italian situation is specific The holistic ● a core of big towns (Genova, Torino, Bari, Milano, Firenze) which thanks to the boost of competitions started structured paths toward the Smart City. By:  systematizing projects and interventions;  multilevel governance mechanisms among public, industry, finance, research and culture based actors.
  18. 18. The Italian situation is specific The sectoral ● A significant number of municipalities, most of them middle- sized, experimented and actualized great quality interventions on specific sectors (sustainable mobility, e-government, energetic efficency, cultural heritage valorization, integrated data management) and now started to act towards the integration with other fields of citizens’ interests.
  19. 19. The Italian situation is specific The latecoming ● urban contexs and wide areas, above all because of a significant territorial divide, both dimensional and infrastructural, still appear late regarding the adoption of planning and intervention models based on networks, services and territorial actor integration.
  20. 20. The Italian situation is specific From the ANCI Observatory on Smart City emerges the Italian way to smart cities mainly characterized by:  a prevalence of actions related to the managment of sustainable energy resources to reduce CO2 emissions;  A positive inclination, but still not on a sufficient mature stage, to the managment of integrated data through ICT platforms for the advanced analysis of territorial informations;
  21. 21. The Italian situation is specific  a resort to varied forms of funding but with a «traditional» form (municipal evaluation, European and national competitions, regional resources), still with a low effect of public- private partnership models, innovative procurement and project financing;  an inclination to play on initiatives with planning and realization modalities oriented on the participation of territorial actors, with governance models (association, foundation) targeted to share urban development processes;
  22. 22. The Italian situation is specific  a growing consciousness on the need to consider social and cultural dimensions as pivotal to identify the perspectives of urban development under an inclusive point of view.
  23. 23. We will talk about it at SMART CITY EXHIBITION 2014 dedicated this year to: THE GOVERNANCE OF NEW CITIES A great opportunity of collaborative work: it’s possible to replace the Municipalities’ low financial capability only through a platform able to systematize knowledge and solutions to make them replicable and scalable.
  24. 24. SMART City Exhibition: the numbers of a success In the last edition: 125cities with 25from abroad, 100investors, 500speakers and a +42% visitors.
  25. 25. SCE 2014 approach The 6 topics. In this perspective, 6 topics will be around SCE2014: 1. The emergent and the steady Models sharing economy, transition town… 2. The ongoing Policies Urban Agenda, European Programming, Digital Agenda, Metropolitan Areas reform, Decreto Crescita (Development Act) 2.0…
  26. 26. SCE 2014 approach 3) The tools from analytic ones, like ICityRate, to financial ones 4) The technological platform from telematic infrastructures, Data Analysis, Internet of Things and Open Data
  27. 27. SCE 2014 approach 5) The sectoral policies environment, mobility, turism, protection of territory, job and employment, start up and makers, logistic, culture, health… 6) The subjects and the networks ANCI Observatory, Universities, Unioncamere, CNR, ENEA, the regional and metropolitan territory, with an increasing opening towards and international dimension by involving a network of cities, research institutes and individual urban realities at world’s vanguard.
  28. 28. SCE 2014 approach The common Forum with SAIE SCE2014 brings on a common group with SAIE (Building Innovation Fair) for the Forum: “Let’s build the cities of the future!” 6 big appointments where the protegonists of politics, public administration, economy, finance, research and citizenship work together around the drivers of development for the next 50 years.
  29. 29. SCE 2014 approach The demonstrators At SCE 2014 a space co-planned with the Research Centers –CNR and ENEA for first – carrier of real experiences, mainly oriented to Smart Life applications.
  30. 30. SCE 2014 approach The international perspective. In 2014 as well is confirmed the important presence of european cities and international experts, to stimulate the confrontation with the Italian realities and the birth of hew partnerships on specific projects.
  31. 31. LET’S MEET AT SCE 2014!