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Relative income poverty: Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment, financial year ending 2018

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For a person to be in relative income poverty it means they are living in a household where the total household income from all sources is less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median).

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Relative income poverty: Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment, financial year ending 2018

  1. 1. Relative income poverty Housing tenure, economic status and type of employment Financial year ending 2018
  2. 2. Housing tenure
  3. 3. People in social rented housing were more likely to be in relative income poverty (after housing costs) • 51 per cent of those living in social rented housing in Wales were in relative income poverty between 2015-16 and 2017-18 (an average over three financial years), after their housing costs such as mortgage interest payments/rent and water rates were paid. • This means they were living in a household where the total household income was less than 60 per cent of the average UK household income (as given by the median). • In comparison, 43 per cent of people in privately rented housing and 13 per cent of people in owner occupied housing were in relative income poverty after housing costs.
  4. 4. Percentage of people in each type of housing tenure in Wales, who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2015-16 to 2017-18 Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP 51 43 13 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Social Rented Private Rented Owner Occupied
  5. 5. • When considering all the people in Wales in relative income poverty (730,000), around the same proportion of people lived in social rented housing (37 per cent) and owner occupied housing (36 per cent). The people in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by housing tenure, 2015-16 to 2017-18 Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP Thousands 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 2007-08 to 2009-10 2008-09 to 2010-11 2009-10 to 2011-12 2010-11 to 2012-13 2011-12 to 2013-14 2012-13 to 2014-15 2013-14 to 2015-16 2014-15 to 2016-17 2015-16 to 2017-18 Owner Occupied Social Rented Private Rented
  6. 6. Economic status and type of employment
  7. 7. Most children living in relative income poverty were living in working households • In the latest period (2015-16 to 2017-18), 67 per cent of children who were living in relative income poverty lived in households where at least one person was in work. This has increased for the last three periods from 60 per cent in the period 2012-13 to 2014-15.
  8. 8. The children in Wales who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), by economic status of household, three-financial-year averages Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP 21 23 19 21 24 30 33 31 32 29 31 39 42 37 30 28 33 35 50 46 42 37 40 40 39 36 33 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2007 to 2010 2008 to 2011 2009 to 2012 2010 to 2013 2011 to 2014 2012 to 2015 2013 to 2016 2014 to 2017 2015 to 2018 Workless households At least one adult in work, but not all All adults in work Percentage
  9. 9. • When considering all children in Wales, the likelihood of being in relative income poverty is much greater, and the gap is increasing for those living in a workless household compared to living in a working household (where at least one of the adults was in work). • 75 per cent of children living in a workless household were in relative income poverty compared to 23 per cent living in a working household in 2015-16 to 2017-18. • Within working households, there is also a marked difference between the likelihood of poverty for children in households where all adults work (15 per cent) compared to households where some (but not all) adults work (41 per cent), in 2015-16 to 2017-18 Three quarters of children in workless households were living in relative income poverty
  10. 10. For working-age adults, living with people who work reduces the likelihood of living in relative income poverty • Between 2015-16 and 2017-18, working-age adults who lived in households where no-one worked were over 6 times more likely to live in relative income poverty than those who lived in households where everyone worked full-time. • However there were still an estimated 50,000 working-age adults in relative income poverty despite living in households where everyone worked full-time. • Living in a household where there is a second earner reduces the likelihood of being in relative income poverty whether that earner works part time or full time. • In households where at least one working-age adult works full time, the likelihood of being in relative income poverty is similar for households where the second earner is full time (8 per cent ) compared to those where the second earner is part time (9 per cent).
  11. 11. Percentage of working-age adults in each household employment type in Wales, who were living in relative income poverty (after housing costs), 2015-16 to 2017-18 Source: Welsh Government Analysis of HBAI, Family Resources Survey, DWP Percentage 89 29 30 33 52 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 All full timeCouple - one full time, one part time Couple - one full time, one not working One or more self employed No full time, one or more part time All workless

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