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2. Eleanor Stewart - Key Note: Openness As A Value #pdfua

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Eleanor Stewart - Key Note: Openness As A Value #pdfua

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2. Eleanor Stewart - Key Note: Openness As A Value #pdfua

  1. 1. Openness as a Value Eleanor Stewart Head of Transparency Foreign & Commonwealth Office @digenghmg Personal Democracy Forum, Kiev 22 June 2016
  2. 2. Today the UK is seen as an exemplar for open government • Ranked no 1 in world • First to have an open data portal : – Used data to drive efficiencies in public services – Used data to improve accountability • Legislated on release of data in addition to the Freedom of Information laws • Mandated Digital by default & open document formats • Core member of the OGP and working with partners in 28 countries • Created the ODI to build and support start-ups/data users. • Developed positive working relations with Civil Society • Citizens use open data daily without releasing it
  3. 3. Magna Carta 1215 • Citizens not Subjects • Everyone subject to the law including the King • Right to a fair trial • Check on the crowns ability to levy taxes • 25 Barons elected
  4. 4. Bill of Rights 1689 • laws should not be dispensed with or suspended without the consent of Parliament; • no taxes should be levied without the authority of Parliament; • the right to petition the monarch should be without fear of retribution; • no standing army may be maintained during peacetime without the consent of Parliament; • Protestant subjects may have arms for their defence as suitable to their class and as allowed by law; • the election of members of Parliament should be free; • the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament should not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament; • excessive bail should not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted; • jurors should be duly impannelled and returned and jurors in high treason trials should be freeholders; • promises of fines or forfeitures before conviction are void; • Parliaments should be held frequently.
  5. 5. Hansard 1812 The edited records of all parliamentary debates, votes, written ministerial statements and answers from the Houses of Commons and Lords since 1812.
  6. 6. But more recently… • 1994 code of practice on access to government information • 1997 white paper “Your Right to Know” • 2000 Freedom of Information Act
  7. 7. But…
  8. 8. Missing Records :
  9. 9. Wasting Public Money:
  10. 10. Power of Information Taskforce 2008-09
  11. 11. The 4 “Opens” Open information. To have an effective voice, people need to be able to understand what is going on in their public services. Government will publish information about public services in ways that are easy to find, easy to use, and easy to re-use, and will unlock data, where appropriate Open innovation. We will promote innovation in online public services to respond to changing expectations. Open discussion. We will promote greater engagement with the public through more interactive online consultation and collaboration. We will also empower professionals to be active on online peer-support networks in their area of work. Open feedback. Most importantly, the public should be able to have a fair say about their services.
  12. 12. Information Thirst • Growth in desire for information • Rise of data journalism • Demand for accountability
  13. 13. New Technology
  14. 14. The start of work on Objectives • increase transparency • improve public services • release new economic and social value and growth • make UK a global hub of skills in the future of the Web “So that Government information is accessible and useful for the widest possible group of people, I have asked Sir Tim Berners-Lee who led the creation of the World Wide Web, to help us drive the opening up of access to Government data in the web over the coming months". Gordon Brown, 10 June 2009
  15. 15. Show Us A Better Way
  16. 16. 1st Government Hack Day
  17. 17. Revised Licensing
  18. 18. By May 2010 • Austerity predominant political theme • Politicians keen to force greater accountability on public sector (culturally and financially) • Social media/new technology becoming mainstream (including for government) • Smartphone revolution underway • Had a data portal and had released c100 datasets; some csv’s some pdf’s • Data hadn’t been checked for quality/consistency
  19. 19. Open Data = Transparency
  20. 20. Major Priority for Government “Greater transparency across Government is at the heart of our shared commitment to enable the public to hold politicians and public bodies to account; to reduce the deficit and deliver better value for money in public spending; and to realise significant economic benefits by enabling businesses and non-profit organisations to build innovative applications and websites using public data.” David Cameron May 2010
  21. 21. Citizen Consumers “Transparency Temple” UNCLASSIFIED IncreasedAccountability ImprovedPublicServices NewEconomic&SocialValue Open Government Data Users Government releasing Open Data
  22. 22. Mandated PM Commitments • Names, grades, job titles and annual pay rates for most Senior Civil Servants with salaries above £150,000 to be published • Names, grades, job titles and annual pay rates for most Senior Civil Servants and NDPB officials with salaries higher than the lowest permissible in Pay Band 1 of the Senior Civil Service pay scale • Organograms for central government departments and agencies that include all staff positions to be published in a common format • Names/titles of all Special Advisers, salaries where over Pay Band 1 • NDPB officials earning over £150,000 • Local government officials earning over £150,000 • Central government workforce including temps, consultants, etc. • Historic COINS spending data to be published online • New items of central government spending over £25,000 to be published online • All new central government contracts to be published in full • All new central government tender documents for contracts over £10,000 to be published on a single website from September 2010, with this information to be made available to the public free • New items of local government spending over £500 to be published on a council-by-council basis • Full information on all DFID international development projects over £500 to be published online from January 2011, including financial information and project documentation. • Government departments and agencies should ensure that any information published includes the underlying data in an open standardised format. • Publish the energy use of government headquarters in real-time • New local government contracts and tender documents for expenditure over £500 to be published in full • Crime data to be published at a level that allows the public to see what is happening on their streets • Value for money calculations of all government websites • Complete list of all Local Authorities and their contact details.
  23. 23. Also • Every department and Public body must have an Open Data Strategy • All departments have had to identify what data they hold • Prioritized data that was already in the public domain in some form • Have had to redesigning charging models to make data open • Built a data request mechanism • Began to look at a reform of the FOI laws to focus on openness not exemptions
  24. 24. Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 (Pt6) • Information must released in a reusable way • Broadens definition of “dataset” • Consolidates copyright and reuse guidance • Defines criteria for charging for data
  25. 25. League Tables of departments reported to Parliament
  26. 26. 29 Looked for data that matters to citizens:
  27. 27. This is not easy for government:
  28. 28. What does this all mean?
  29. 29. Who is “government”
  30. 30. Where do my taxes go?
  31. 31. What do I get for it? Links to the documents
  32. 32. Performance of healthcare providers
  33. 33. Reduced Mortality for Heart Surgery
  34. 34. Performance of law enforcement
  35. 35. Performance of individual schools
  36. 36. Transport As a transport project alone, evaluated by usual economic criteria: ROI = 58:1
  37. 37. Administrative Integrity
  38. 38. Release of Company Data
  39. 39. Aid Transparency
  40. 40. In country impact:
  41. 41. Property Ownership
  42. 42. Geographical Data
  43. 43. Crisis Management
  44. 44. App Development
  45. 45. Travel industry
  46. 46. Start ups Pesky People – 999 App for the profoundly deaf
  47. 47. Citizen Participation
  48. 48. Formal Participation
  49. 49. Where next?
  50. 50. Stimulate demand for data from business, citizens and public servants
  51. 51. Making sure data is truly re-usable and useful
  52. 52. Working to ensure Privacy of Personal Data
  53. 53. Promoting the use of Data
  54. 54. Informing and promoting dialogue and debate
  55. 55. Ongoing Challenges • Quality & Usability of the information/ data we’re releasing (and technology we’re using) • Overcoming fear of releasing information or engaging (political & official) • Educating officials ; cultural change • Creating informed citizens and active users/marketplaces • Changing landscape & technology
  56. 56. The challenge of open government: “Government ought to be all outside and no inside…Everybody knows that corruption thrives in secret places, avoids public places and we believe it a fair presumption that secrecy means impropriety” ― Woodrow Wilson 1912; The New Freedom