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Research on the web

  1. 1. Research On The Internet Going Beyond Google To Unlock Answers Valarie Rose Revels 1
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction  What is the question?  Define the terms  Search Engines & Directories  “The Invisible Web”: Searchable Databases  Evaluating information: Reliable? Useful?  Summary Valarie Rose Revels 2
  3. 3. The answers are out there somewhere... Valarie Rose Revels 3
  4. 4. Introduction Look familiar? Is this the first place you go? More categories Valarie Rose Revels 4
  5. 5. Introduction Following these steps can help improve your chances of finding your answer:  Ask “What is the real question?”  Define the terms you use  Look at some search engines & directories to see which one(s) will help in the search  Look at what's available on the “The Invisible Web”  Finally, evaluate the answer: Is the information source reliable? Does it answer my question? Valarie Rose Revels 5
  6. 6. What is the Question?  WHO  WHERE  WHEN  WHY  HOW  WHAT? Valarie Rose Revels 6
  7. 7. What is the Question? WHO— Who is the president of France? Title of person known, name unknown Who invented Post-It Notes? Person did something, name unknown Who is Harry Potter? Name known, but need description Valarie Rose Revels 7
  8. 8. What is the Question? WHERE— Where is Washington, D.C.? Name known, unknown location Where is the appendix located? Name known, unknown location, not on map Valarie Rose Revels 8
  9. 9. What is the Question? WHEN— When was World War I? Event known, time period unknown When will the next solar eclipse occur? Event known, specific date/time unknown Valarie Rose Revels 9
  10. 10. What is the Question? WHY— Why are leaves green? There is a cause or causes...because Why is Labor Day celebrated? The reason behind the event...because Valarie Rose Revels 10
  11. 11. What is the Question? HOW— How do you make pizza dough? What is the process...step-by-step How many ounces in a gallon? What amount...much, long, wide, etc. Valarie Rose Revels 11
  12. 12. What is the Question? WHAT— What is a salamander? Name known, description unknown What animal has a long neck? Description known, name unknown What is the definition of noxious? Name known, definition unknown Valarie Rose Revels 12
  13. 13. What is the Question? WHAT!— Is it really a “What” question? What is the name of the president of France? Who is the president of France What is the process for making pizza dough? How do you make pizza dough? What is the date of Lincoln's Birthday? __________________________? Valarie Rose Revels 13
  14. 14. Finding the right words to use can be_____! Tiring Fatiguing Exhausting Pooping? Valarie Rose Revels 14
  15. 15. Define the Terms  Am I using the right word(s)?  Is there more than one way to say it?  What tools will help me find the word(s) I need? Valarie Rose Revels 15
  16. 16. Define the Terms Is there more than one way to say it? Autumn or fall Attorney or lawyer or barrister (British) Wizard or warlock or sorcerer or necromancer Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar or “El Cid” Lemony Snicket or Daniel Handler Can you think of any other examples? Valarie Rose Revels 16
  17. 17. Define the Terms What tools will help me find the right word(s)? DICTIONARIES Dictionaries (General): Webster's, Oxford English Dictionary, American Heritage,... Dictionaries (Specialized): Mosby's Medical Dictionary, Black's Law Dictionary,... Dictionaries (Online): Merriam-Webster Online Search, TheFreeDictionary, OneLook,... Valarie Rose Revels 17
  18. 18. Define the Terms What tools will help me find the right word(s)? THESAURI Thesauri (General): Roget's Thesaurus, Webster's New World Thesaurus,... Thesauri (Online):,, TheFreeDictionary,... Valarie Rose Revels 18
  19. 19. Define the Terms What tools will help me find the right word(s)? ENCYCLOPEDIAS Encyclopedias (General): World Book, Britannica,... Encyclopedias (Online): Britannica Online, Wikipedia,... Valarie Rose Revels 19
  20. 20. Define the Terms What tools will help me find the right word(s)? NOTE: A BIG benefit of using the right tools to define your terms/words is that they just may provide the answer you were looking for. But if your answer requires more research then... Valarie Rose Revels 20
  21. 21. The Search is On! Valarie Rose Revels 21
  22. 22. Search Engines Is this the first place you go when looking for answers on the internet? More categories Valarie Rose Revels 22
  23. 23. Search Engines Now that's out of the way... Let's look at a few examples of different types of Search Engines:  General Search Engines  Meta-Search Engines Valarie Rose Revels 23
  24. 24. Search Engines Valarie Rose Revels 24
  25. 25. Search Engines Valarie Rose Revels 25
  26. 26. Meta-Search Engines Valarie Rose Revels 26
  27. 27. Meta-Search Engines Valarie Rose Revels 27
  28. 28. Web Directories What is a Web Directory? A web directory is not a search engine and does not display lists of web pages based on keywords; instead, it lists web sites by category and subcategory -Definition from Wikipedia Valarie Rose Revels 28
  29. 29. Web Directories Valarie Rose Revels 29
  30. 30. Web Directories Valarie Rose Revels 30
  31. 31. Invisible Web What is the “Invisible Web”? The term refers to either Web pages that cannot be indexed by a typical search engine or Web pages that a search engine purposely does not index, rendering the data “invisible” to the general user. -Definition from (Webopedia) Valarie Rose Revels 31
  32. 32. Invisible Web Where is the Invisible Web? ● There are several reasons why web pages are invisible but let's focus on searchable databases for our research ● Searchable databases can be library catalogs, article databases, medical databases,etc. ● Searchable databases usually require passwords to access Valarie Rose Revels 32
  33. 33. Invisible Web Searchable Databases Some examples of who uses them: ● University – Students, faculty, staff, visiting scholars need library card ● Corporations – Employees with need to know ● Public Library – General public needs library card Valarie Rose Revels 33
  34. 34. Invisible Web Searchable Databases Do You Belong to Any Group of Users We Mentioned? How Many of You Have... A Library Card? (Hint, Hint, Hint) Valarie Rose Revels 34
  35. 35. Invisible Web Searchable Databases Database Examples: ● Genealogical – Heritage Quest ● Biographical – Biography Resource Center ● Medical – Physicians Desk Reference ● Business – Business Source Premier Valarie Rose Revels 35
  36. 36. Time to Evaluate! Valarie Rose Revels 36
  37. 37. Evaluate I Have Found Information... Now What Do I Do? ASK-- ● Can I trust the information? ● Does it answer MY question? Valarie Rose Revels 37
  38. 38. Evaluate Can I Trust the Information? ASK-- ● Is the source reliable? ● Do “trusted” experts refer to or use the source? ● Does it make sense to me? ● How could bad information potentially be harmful (medical, legal,..)? Valarie Rose Revels 38
  39. 39. Evaluate Does it Answer MY Question? ASK-- ● What was my question? ● Did it answer my WHO, WHERE, WHEN, WHY, HOW, WHAT? ● Did it answer all of my question? Valarie Rose Revels 39
  40. 40. Success! You Found It! Valarie Rose Revels 40
  41. 41. Summary ● What is the real question? ● Define terms/words used for search ● Look at different search engines & directories ● Take advantage of information on the “Invisible Web” ● Evaluate information for accuracy and usefulness Valarie Rose Revels 41
  42. 42. Questions? Valarie Rose Revels 42