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Learner Centered Teaching Methods

12 de Apr de 2022
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Learner Centered Teaching Methods

  1. Learner Centered Teaching Methods 1. Laboratory method 2. Guided discovery method 3. Project method
  2. • Shift the focus of instructions from the teacher to student. • Focus on skills and practices that enable life long learning. • Learning practices are based on constructivist learning theory • Require students to be alive, responsible participants in their own learning Characteristics
  3. • Emphasizes student’s interests abilities and learning style. • Teacher plays the role of a facilitator of learning for individuals rather than for a class as a whole
  4. Laboratory method • Deepening the understanding that scientific concepts and applications are closely related to natural environment. • Learning by doing. • Maximum student activity can be achieved. • Learn to work in co-operation with others. • They can directly see what is happening. • Students acquire skills in handling scientific apparatus, reading scales, drawing diagrams etc.
  5. Steps • Make an observation. • Ask a question. • Make a hypothesis. • Conduct experiments. • Draw conclusions. • Report results.
  6. Advantages • Provide various kinds of learning experience • Individual differences are taken into consideration • Students learn to explore on their own. • Practical skills and proficiency get developed • Intimate relationship between students and teacher develop. • Good habits are developed- independence, honesty and truthfulness.
  7. • Students get sense of achievement.
  8. Disadvantages • Limited applicability. • Separate equipments and resources are needed. • Huge funds are needed. • Increased work load on teachers and students. • Need well experienced teachers.
  9. Guided discovery method • Pupils are carefully directed down a particular path to discover patterns. • They are provided with cues an questions.
  10. Steps • Exploration: Teacher provide divergent questions and asses the students. • Invention: Student find meaning and structure of ideas. • Discovery: student apply what he learned in new situations.
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