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Women Anticoup Report - 2 years after the military coup

Women Anticoup Report - 2 years after the military coup

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Women Anticoup Report - 2 years after the military coup

  1. 1. Violations against Egyptian Women 2 Years after the military coup from July 2013 to July 2015 Women Anticoup Movement Report
  2. 2. 1 WomenAntiCoup‫اإلنقـالب‬ ‫ضد‬ ‫نساء‬ ‫حركة‬ . WomenAntiCoup Report (Since the beginning of the coup on third of July for the year2013 to 30th June 2015) Introduction Two years have passed since the military coup that took place on July 3, 2013, and since the Military Junta of Camp David robbed the Egyptian people of their freedom and seized power against the will of Egypt's youth. The legitimacy for which the people have earnestly striven was lost. The coup leader has based his rule on the blood of those who - since the revolution of January 25th - have sacrificed their lives for this afflicted homeland. The crimes committed by the military in the wake of the coup d'etat continue to this day. The Egyptian woman's sacrifices were part and parcel of the general movement of the people, and so she had her share of subjection to the military's crushing oppression. The purest and most honorable of the nation and the symbol of immeasurable tenderness and sacrifice, the innocent, chivalrous Egyptian woman has suffered atrocious violations at the hands of the Egyptian military and police forces. Her life was squandered on university campuses and on the pavements of Azhar Colleges. She was raped inside armored police vans and prison cells and in the basements of police departments, while the perpetrators rest assured they will never be held accountable. The status of Egyptian women have long been shaped by external international laws concerning their human rights, and internal customs and constitutions/treaties, both acting to ensure the status of women within society and their security in all corners of their homeland. It is thought that the Egyptians women’s life is secured and cannot be taken away from them, if this was to happen, it is expected that the law will intervene to ensure justice. Furthermore it is known that the Egyptian women is rich in history, giving and receiving she continues to make sacrifices throughout her life, with history as her witness. In her community and abroad the Egyptian women is never known to abandon her human rights, always prepared to fight for freedom and the right to live a dignified life, for her family, those she looks after and herself. She fights for the most basic rights to be enforced by the state. However, if we look at the situation in Egypt we will see a completely different situation, one where the citizens of Egypt including these historical women are left unguarded. The current situation in Egypt means women are arrested, kidnapped, bribed, or in some cases martyred due to false accusations. All of these cases have been documented since the military coup in July 2013. And even those who do not associate themselves with those peaceful protestors demanding their human rights have found themselves in severe poverty, with desperate need for care. In this report we present the violations that the Movement's Committees have observed and documented, from kidnappings and detainment, to taking female hostages to pressure their relatives to turn themselves in to the police, to extrajudicial killings and incidents of raping female students.
  3. 3. 2 The movement has also enumerated incidents of female students expelled from their universities merely for voicing their opinions and opposing the unjust, bloody coup that overstepped the Egyptian women's dignity and all of their rights -- and executed them by military decree. ************************************** Important Statistics Here, we shall initially summarize what has been documented in the feminine files over the past two years of military rule that has been headed by Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. We have found that the arrest files have not only constantly renewed, but have rather increased in a frightful manner. We now have (77) detainees. (188) of them have been sentenced to oppressive and tyrannous verdicts. The overall years of conviction: (789) years and three months with a total of (1,933,555) bails. (1554) have been released. It should be noted that the death sentence has reached two of the detainees: Mrs. Samia Shanan, from the village of Kerdasa in the province of Giza, with a judgment in presence, and Mrs. Sondos Asem, from the city of Mansoura in the province of Dakahlia, with a judgment in absence. One cannot but mention the file concerned with the martyrs and how its list is endless. Up till now, they have reached a sum of (105) martyr from different regions of Egypt. They were killed by the military’s bullets, and thus stand as the seeds of sacrifice that cannot be done justice over the ages. In our country, even women are at risk; they are subject to kidnapping, enforced disappearance, and severe torture with the tools of oppression. The number of disappearances has reached a sum of (27). All but (5) have appeared after extended absence, and we remain ignorant of where those (5) ladies are. In these two years, girls and students have been transferred to military court with unrealistic and shameful accusations. The number of girls transferred to military courts has reached a sum of (15), and some have been judged indeed. As for the casualties, the number is innumerable. It has gone beyond any logical sense; the police’s mission is to chase students in the streets and alleys whether there is a demonstration or not. So is the number of the dismissed from universities by an administrative decision; innumerable. Observe how military orders have destroyed their futures and crushed their hopes of an education!
  4. 4. 3 Collectively, these are only a few statistics which the committees were able to document and which we were informed of its details. In this comprehensive report, we shall display some of the violations done by the military to the women of Egypt; not only girls and students but even children! We place them in your hands as follows. We offer here a summary of each section, which can later be read in greater detail under each section: Contents: 1. Enforced disappearances and detentions 2. Arrests and hostages 3. Trials and Arrests 4. Women Referred to Military Courts 5. Injuries and cases of violations 6. Cases of extrajudicial killings 7. Conclusion ******************************************************* First: Enforced disappearance cases This case has made it apparent that the sheer increase in amount of disappearances of local citizens has made it to breaking point, which has brought into vision several questions about the cause of these strange disappearances. It has been evident that this legal crime of an undertaking has roots within the military dictators. Of these cases, 27 have been confirmed between 2013 to 2015, of whom are four young females who have not returned to their family since. This includes innocent women who are strategically disappearing off the charts, who have been subjected to severe sexual abuse and rape. Below are some detailed occurrences of the evidently-planned and targeted disappearance of some of the victims: - *In 2014, 7 cases have been confirmed :
  5. 5. 4 1-Menna allah Gamal Mansour 2-Hanan Moursi Mouhamed 3-Aliaa tarek alsayed 4-Hend rashed fawzy 5-Amira mouhamed Hamdan 6-Ola Abd Elhakim mouhamed saied 7-Asmaa khalaf shandeen *In 2015, 23 cases have been confirmed : 1-Rofayda mouhamed and her mother rokya sayed ramadan 2-Rasha mouhamed saad 3-Rasha moustafa dahrog`s mother and daughter 4-Mayada 5-Sanaa Abdo 6-Aya mahmoud hanafy mahmoud 7-Fawzya 8-mouhamed ahmed al sayed`s wife 9-mariam and khadija , assia mouhamed raafet and their mother azza 10-samar hassan mahmoud mouhamed 11-marwa 12-nada ezzat 13-hanan shaaban 14-rana abd elkhaleq deras 15-fatma abd elmohsen *All of them returned to their parents, except for four cases : 1- ‫فوزى‬ ‫راشد‬ ‫هند‬1-Hend rashed fawzy 2- ‫شندين‬ ‫خلف‬ ‫أسماء‬2-Asmaa khalaf shandeen 3- ‫السعيد‬ ‫محمد‬ ‫الحكيم‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫عال‬3-Ola Abd Elhakim mouhamed saied 4- ‫المحسن‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫فاطمة‬ 4-fatma abd elmohsen ************************************************************* These are some of the detailed reports about them: First: Asama Khalif Shandeen
  6. 6. 5 Asama Khalif Shandeen, at 26 years of age, from Sohag, she was working as a doctor in the Women’s Health Hospital in Assiut. On April 18th, 2014, she was abducted from in front of the hospital, according to witness accounts, her family and others searched extensively for her in all areas they could possibly think of unfortunately they were unable to find her. On 19th April 2014, her family they went to the police station to report the abduction of their daughter, number 2536, after that her brother received a call and he was informed that Asama was with the authorities. In Cairo, on 28th/06/2014 they submitted a communication to the Attorney General of Assiut number 47 and a communication to the Attorney General number. Until now she has not come back and there has been no communication with the family. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Second: Hind Rashid Fawzy Hind Rashid Fawzy, at the age of 19, student at college of law at Banha university, on 4/12/2014 Hind left her house to go to university however she did not return home. Her father searched for her everywhere, in the police station, in hospitals however he was unsuccessful in his search for her. Hind was kidnapped on her way to university, and her dad thinks she was kidnapped from outside her university. Her father reported her missing at the police station in Meeyt Gamar, her case number 13872, and her father is certain that the authorities kidnapped her. Her father does not know where exactly where she is, she can be in any prison or in secret detention centres. ****************************************************** Second: Arrests and hostages In this file there are documents of the most brutal reports of human rights violations against women, whereby Egyptian women are complete stripped of their dignity and any form of honour. The forces of the military coup have become oppressors of voice of women, who call upon the constitutional articles to ensure security and human rights. However the owners of the laws have drafted their respective committees in 2014, to ensure the law enables the arrests of innocent Egyptian women, completely removing them of all their human rights. There have been documented incidents of Egyptian women having their hijabs removed by force, tortured in police stations and security camps, and even in some cases
  7. 7. 6 there has been reports of rape by the authorities. Women in Egypt living in a society where such incidents of sexual assault and other violations of their human rights has the ability to demolish their life and future prospects. These are no acts of Islam, which has put women on such a high status throughout its existence. In the file, we have names those who are in custody and some have already been sentences in military courts during the military coups existence. We have further documents the number of those in Egyptian prisons since the coup until late 2015, which has now arrived to 77cases of arbitrary detention carried out by security forces and the military coup against women in Egypt. *This is a report of one of those cases :- AL-Azhar University students( Asmaa Hamdy Group ) On 10th June , a verdict was issued to postpone the case of Al-Azhar University students, including Asmaa Hamdi, Alaa ElSayed, Rufidah Ibrahim Nasr, Afaf Ahmed Omar and Hanadi Ahmed Mahmoud. It is worth mentioning the Court of Appeal, Nasr City Second, has sentenced the students to 5 years in prison and a 100 thousand pounds fine. These students were arrested on 24 December last year, on the background of random arrests by the Egyptian police of female students from the campus of the University of Al-Azhar, Yesterday's trials today are part of an appeal in the case known to the media as 'the case of Asmaa Hamdi'. It is worth mentioning that the Court of Appeal, Nasr City Second, has sentenced 5 female students in Al-Azhar University to 5 years in prison and a 100 thousand pounds fine, in the case No. 7332 Nasr City Second 2013, appealed number 4804 to 2014 Nasr City Second. Students who were arrested on 24 December last year, against the background of random arrests of female students by the Egyptian police, from the campus of the University of Al- Azhar, among them are Asmaa Hamdi Alaa El-Sayed, Rufidah Ibrahim Nasr, Afaf Ahmed Omar and Hanadi Ahmed Mahmoud. They were charged with many accusations amongst them: demonstrating without permission, and carrying and possession of dangerous weapons and possession of face veil, and the use of force and violence, as well as forced theft, and sabotage of private and public property.
  8. 8. 7 It is worth mentioning that the students have been subjected to severe beatings and lynching during their arrest on campus, and even until they reached Nasr City Second police station, and they experienced insults and beatings by the prison administration, until they were deported to Qanater prison, where they were tortured on the 10th of June last year, and even deported to Al-Ab'adeya prison in Damanhour. ********************************************* Third: Trials and Arrests Many of the women who were arbitrarily arrested got convicted by the so called "honourable judiciary". This raises a question: how could there be conviction when there is no case nor witnesses? we call on all legal and human rights organizations to take an action against those who have arrested, tortured, and sexually assaulted women in Egypt. The movement will provide all the reports and documentations of violations against Egyptian women in hopes of having an investigation initiated by the organizations concerned with women's rights. The documentation committee findings: - Total number of imprisonment years: 789 years and 3 months - Total of bails paid: 1,933,555 EGP (188 women are given prison sentences with the total of 789 years in prison. ) We have reports that document and prove the authenticity of these unjust verdicts. The verdicts include death penalty and the most known case is Samia Shanan, from kerdasa. Her exact situation: ********************************************** Name: Samia Habib Mohamed Shanan Age: 54 years old Residence: Kerdasa, Giza. Occupation: Housewife She was arrested in an attempt to pressure her sons to turn themselves in which had happened. However, she was not released afterwards and was transferred to AlQanater prison.
  9. 9. 8 *Arrest Details: Around 8:30 pm, security forces stormed the house searching for her son, Tarek. When they did not find him, they decided to arrest her instead. Her son Hassan tried to object to his mother's arrest, so they arrested him as well. He was beaten up in the house by 6 officers, then they took him to see the shops that his family owns getting smashed. Samia Shanan and her son Hassan were forcibly disappeared for 3 days at Kerdasa police station where they were subjected to all forms of torture. They tortured Hassan in front of her then they threatened her with rape if she does not confess to the crimes she did not commit. Amongst the crimes they wanted her to confess to was mutilating the body of an officer who was killed at Kerdasa police station. After 3 days of continuous torture and violation of detainees' and women rights, Shanan confessed to the fabricated crimes. Shanan's son testified that the confessions were obtained by pressure and torture. She denied those confessions later and asserted that they were forced confessions obtained by brutal pressure. *Charges against her: • Killing 13 police personnel and attempting to kill others • Joining a banned group • Possessing knives, guns and molotov cocktails. • Occupying a police station, burning it and stealing its contents • Attacking an officer • Mutilating the corpse of the chief deputy of Kerdasa police station *Violations against Shanan: She was brutally tortured at central security forces camp. The torture included: electrocution, verbal and physical assaults. Moreover, she was hanged to the wall by her wrists. There are wounds and bruises all over her body from the brutal torture she was subjected to. She is suffering from high blood pressure and her womb was amputated before her arrested, yet her medicines were withheld. In addition, she is being subjected to psychological torture: she is put with criminal detainees in the same cell with criminal detainees and she gets verbally and physically assaulted during the visitations. The officers keep telling her " when are you going to die?". She is also suffering along with all the other detainees from the spread of insects and snakes.
  10. 10. 9 *Conviction: On December 2nd, 2014, the judge has referred her and 188 others to Mufti in order to ratify their death sentence. ******************************************** Rasha Moneer Age: 31 years old Charges: Committing violence, joining a banned group and other fabricated crimes that any political detainee gets charged with. The evidence included 7 bullets and a camera. Violations against her: Rasha and her sister were physically assaulted at Ain Shams police station and Al Qanater prison. Rasha is suffering from heart disease and her health condition deteriorated after the physical assault, yet she was denied medical treatment. She has 2 girls: Malak (7 Years old) and Basmala (5 Years old). Her husband, Abdeen, died at the gates of AlQanater prison when he went to visit her due to exhaustion and the delayed arrival of the ambulance. Authorities refused to let her bid her husband farewell or attend his funeral. 3 days after his death, Rasha's detention was extended for 2 more months. After the court session, the police stormed her house arresting her brother and sister but her sister was released later on. Her brother was and is still being subjected to torture. Rasha's kids along with her sister's kids are staying at their grandmother's house. However, her health condition is bad and she cannot take proper care of them. Current situation: Rasha was sentenced to life (25 years) in prison on August 8th, 2014 by the judge Zakaria Abdulaziz. ******************************** Hend Moneer Age: 37 years old Charges: possessing a weapon and frightening citizens. Date of Arrest: 16/08/2013 Violations against her: She was hit on her face at AlHada'ek police station which caused her face to swell and there were bruises on her body. Then there was another physical assault at
  11. 11. 10 AlQanater prison where she was beaten up until she fainted and there were several bruises all over her body. Moreover, her belongings were burnt and she was put in the same cell with the criminal detainees. Current situation: She was sentenced to life with her sister Rasha on August 8th,2014 ******************************* Fourth: Women Referred to Military Courts In this section we present the number of women facing trial before military tribunals. Fifteen women have been referred to military courts; judgments have been passed for some of them, which indicates the current grave condition of the judiciary in Egypt. Tragically, military transgressions have equally affected women as equally as men. Among the women referred to military trials are students and minors; their charges only known to the repressive authorities and no one else. ****************************************** Fifth: Injuries and violations The military still brutally opresses and assaults women in every way from detention and solitary confinement to torture, resulting in serious injuries putting some of them in critical states. In this file the numerous injuries commited by the hands of police forces towards students will be shown. Throughout the past two years, there were ninteen cases of women injured by live bullets fired by police forces, including Asmaa Gamaal (also known as Asmaa Johaina), Asmaa Gamaal a 19 year old first-year student in the Alexandria University who had her left leg amputated at a hospital due shot at by a police officer with buckshot on 21-11-2014 and then assaulted by thugs led by a man named Ali Zabady and state security officer Ali Mubarak who attacked her injured leg. She explains that she had to undergo three surgeries to amputate her leg above the knee, and stressed that she won't press any charges as ultimately she will not get her rights in the current juduciary system under the controll of the
  12. 12. 11 current military regime, but expressed her happiness that "her leg is awaiting her in paradise". She added: "We are a generation raised to struggle for freedom in the sake of God, and we will not allow anyone to steal from us what we gained in the revolution of January" stressing that she will continue to participate in demonstrations and protests until the end of the military coup. She was engaged a few days after the incident and travelled to Germany alone for treatment and an artificial leg. Her great psychological condition and persistence is seen throught her communications with media such as TV channels and her social media accounts. Her friend witnessed her mother's courage and patience when she heard of the news. ************************************** Date: Dec 7, 2014 Name: Aya Ibrahim Bastawisy, student at the Faculty of Education, Mansoura University, aged 20 years. Injury: Live bullets from the back which led to bleeding in the lungs, breaking of a rib into 3 parts, and residing of the bullet in a fatty area in the right side of the abdomen. In addition to a cartouche in the liver. Her condition is stable. Cause: Due to the breaking up of a peaceful protest against the military coup, by the coup’s security forces. It started at the restaurant of Fatoma in El Galaa street and was broken up after 10 minutes in public hospital street. The coup’s forces threw the students with gas bombs, cartouche, and live bullets, which led to the injury of Aya with a live bullet and cartouche along with the injury of 4 others with cartouche. This happened on Sunday, 1:45 pm. Date: Sat, Nov 29, 2014 Name: Samar Najm Injury: Live bullet in the chest at the French Palace hospital Date: Fri, Jan 2, 2015 Name: Khadijah Rashad Adam, student at Al-Azhar University in Assiut, stays in the university hostel. Injury: Gunshot during a brawl with firearms by the hostel. Student transferred to hospital. Her condition is critical.
  13. 13. 12 Date: Fri, Jan 2, 2015 Injury of two students and supervisors from Al-Azhar University in Sohag. Investigations carried out by investigation department officers of police station 2 in Sohag, headed by lieutenant colonel Omar Mehran - the head of investigations - and under the supervision of major general Ibrahim Saber – the minister’s assistant and security director of Sohag, have revealed the increase of number of casualties in the explosion of a makeshift bomb in front of the Media Model Complex of the Information General Association in Assiut street in Sohag. They revealed the injury of 4 ladies: two students and two supervisors. According to the statement issued on Saturday morning, the investigations revealed that their injury was caused by the scattering of glass and their scramble. They also revealed that the names of the casualties are: 1- Tahani Sabri Abd al-Rahman, aged 22, lives in Nahiyet Kom Elsaayda “‫الصعايدة‬ ‫كوم‬ ‫ناحية‬ “ , center circle of Gerga. 2- Asmaa Khalaf Hanafi, aged 30, lives in Nahiyet Shatoura “‫شطورة‬ ‫ناحية‬ “, center circle of Tahta. – two supervisors in the building. 3- Fatin Moustafa Atifi Muhammed, aged 22, student, lives at Niqada, Qena. 4- Amal Ahmed Hamed, aged 20, student, lives in the street of Assiut-Sohag, circle of police station 2 in Sohag. Injury: Bruises in different parts of the body and shrapnel in the face. It is said that in the street of Assiut-Sohag, on Friday noon, the makeshift bomb that exploded in front of the Media Model Complex was put by an anonymous in the central island in the street in front of the building. The explosion caused the bomb to hit the girls’ university hostel’s window. The place was isolated and the surrounding streets were closed. The screening of the bomb showed that it was a 30cm metal pipe. Date: Thurs, Jan 22, 2015. 3 women injured by military bullets in El Arish. Two sisters and their mother injured after random shooting of military bullets in Elzohoor district in the center of El Arish. They were transferred to the public hospital there. According to witnesses, the two sisters are: 1- Engy Sameh Abd el-Satar, aged 21. 2- Sohiala Sameh Abd el-Satar, aged 14, and the mother is: 3- Safaa Abd el-Raziq, aged 42. Injury: Gunshot in the shoulder and legs. Their condition is very critical. Date: Nov 6, 2014 Woman injuried by explosive device near the Presidential palace dome. Date: Mon, Nov 10, 2014 For the 12th time in a row, two armored riot control vehicles, a police car, a special forces’ jeep, a microbus, and three semi transfer vehicles loaded with detectives and thugs break into the campus of the girls’
  14. 14. 13 college, Al-Azhar university, branch of Cairo. The girls were beaten up severely which led to serious injuries among the students. 1- The Interior thugs beat up a girl severely in her stomach during her attempt to rescue her fellow colleague from arrest. The beating up caused severe bleeding in the uterus and the girl was transferred immediately to the hospital. 2- Another student was beaten on the head with batons which made her lose consciousness. 3- A third student got injured in the eye and was transferred to the hospital. ************************************** Sixth: Cases of extrajudicial killings The rest of the files are dedicated to the women martyrs who were killed with the police or army, 105 killed without a reason or crime. Our duty as (legaan tahskfrqwih) is to observe each case of murder outside of the law deliberately and methodically carried out by the army. These cases have been so common that people are starting to get de-sensitized to them. One of those cases is Sondos Abu Bakr, a 15 year old student from the city of Asafra and the first martyr in the anniversary of the January 25th protest in 2015. She was participating in a peaceful anti-military march after the Friday prayers, demanding for freedom of the country, and immediately security forces raided the march and fired tear gas, followed by buckshot that the protesters described as "raining over their heads", which was the cause of her martyrdom. *************************************************** Second Report: This report is concerned with one of Sinai women. What happened to this woman is a proof of the catastrophic situation in Sinai that includes mass killing and forced evictions. This woman was killed by the army along with her baby at a checkpoint , then their bodies were burnt to hide any trances of the heinous crime. Amal AbuFereeg and her baby Rehal Mordy Abu Fa'm were killed by army personnel and their bodies were burnt. Amal Mortada AbuFereeh and her 6 months old baby are from Sinai. She resides in Moqata'a village in North Sinai. She took her son to the doctor to check up on him. Little did she know that this would be the last time she embraces him as what followed was horrendous. The army was firing randomly at a civilian car in a checkpoint and amongst the dead was Amal Mortada and her baby. Amal and her newborn baby were randomly killed in North Sinai. Thus to cover up the crime , they decided
  15. 15. 14 to burn the car with everyone inside. The car and the bodies were completely burnt. We wanted to include the video of the burnt bodies that show the level of the catastrophe but it seems the website has taken it down as it is hard for the brain and humanity to process it. May God bless our martyrs. Their blood will never go in vain! ********************************************* The conclusion: Our role as documentation committees is the regular documentation of any violation or crime committed by the military and its judiciary against the free Egyptian women. We, the movement and its members, hereby demand the following: 1- End the military rule and restore the constitutional legitimacy and elected president. 2- The immediate release of all the female political detainees for they have been arrested without a crime or charges. 3- Canceling all the death sentenced and life sentences against the female detainees. 4- Bringing coup leaders to international trials and having arrest warrants issued against them. 5- Ending torture and holding the torturers accountable for what their crimes against the female detainees and the side effects that reached losing sanity and losing the ability to continue living. 6- Urgent intervention of human rights organizations and exhaustion of remedies against those who raped and sexually assaulted women in prisons and police vans. 7- Immediate investigation with those who committed the violations we mentioned and bringing them to trial. 8- Media Escalation- we call on all media organizations concerned with the Egypt and women specifically to expose the violations and crimes against Egyptian women. The movement will do its best to provide any help needed. 9- Urgent intervention of human rights organizations, especially Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch to stop the injustice imposed on female students, minors and old women for they are being subjected to horrendous violations. 10- We call on all the revolutionaries to take to the streets to demand the rights of the martyrs. WomenAntiCoup ‫اإلنقـالب‬ ‫ضد‬ ‫نساء‬ ‫حركة‬ . Media Report

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