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01 choi-yougtae-korea-forest-restoration-feri-tree-diversity-day2014-cop12

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Trees, landscapes, restoration, Korea, governance, Young il, Tree Diversity Day 2014, CBD, biodiversity, invasive species, seedlings, policy, indigenous people, livelihoods, Asia, FERI

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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01 choi-yougtae-korea-forest-restoration-feri-tree-diversity-day2014-cop12

  1. 1. Forest'Restora*on'Experience'of'Korea'' and'the'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve' Korea&Forest&Service& Interna0onal&Coopera0on&Division& Choi,&Young&tae&
  2. 2. CONTENTS' 1.'Large/scale'Forest'Restora7on'in'Korea' ' 2.'The'Green'Will' ' 3.'AAer'the'Successful'Restora7on' ' 4.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora7on'Ini7a7ve'
  3. 3. Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' in'Korea''
  4. 4. LargeNscale&Forest&Restora0on&in&Korea& 01. Forest'Ecosystem'in'Korea' ' Forest'ecosystem'as'key'component'of'biodiversity'in'Korea' ▸&Total&&land&&area&:&10Mha&&/&Agricultural&&land&:&2Mha&(20%)&/&Forest&&area&:&6.4Mha&(64%)& &&&&-Biological&species&:&38,011&&(5,241plants)&
  5. 5. LargeNscale&Forest&Restora0on&in&Korea& Landscape'level'degrada7on'of'forest'ecosystem'' in'the'early'20th'century'' ▸&Overexploita0on&during&the&Japanese&occupa0on(1910N1945)& ▸&Korean&war(1950N1953)&& ▸&Use&of&fuelwood& ▸&Stock'volume'per'ha':'only'12' 02. State'of'Forests'in'1960'
  6. 6. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 03.'Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' 1960' 2010' 79USD 26million 12/ha 28,650USD 48million 126/ha 'GNI'per'capita' Popula7on'' Forest'stock'volume'
  7. 7. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 03.'Large;scale'Forest'Restora*on' Interna0onal Support Restora0on Efforts Par0al Successwith disappoin0ng outcome ? ▸Diminu0vepublicpar0cipa0on ▸Con0nuedillegalNlogging ▸Poorchoiceofseedlings ▸Hastyimplementa0onofrestora0on
  8. 8. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Maintenance and Enforcement “Forest'soil'' Forest' resources' Survey”' “The%1st%and%2nd% 10.year%Forest% Rehabilita7on% plans”% “Seed'orchard,' Nursery'clusters”' “Na7on'with' Sustainable' welfare'and' green'economy”' Fuelwood Planta0on, Reforesta0on, Erosion Control “12'billion'trees' on'2.1million'ha”' Seedand Seedling Produc0on FieldStudy Establishment ofplanatthe Na0onalLevel
  9. 9. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Field'study'
  10. 10. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Establishment'of'Plan'at'the'Na7onal'Level'
  11. 11. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Seed'and'Seedling'Produc7on'
  12. 12. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Fuelwood'Planta7on,'Reforesta7on,'Erosion'Control'
  13. 13. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 04. Stages'of'Forest'Restora*on' Maintenance'and'Enforcement'
  14. 14. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 05.'Challenges'and'Solu*ons' Lack%of%governance% ▸AbroadNbasedapproachthroughSaemaul'Undong' ▸ResultNfocusedstepbystepapproach ▸EstablishmentoftheKoreaForestServicein1967 Lack%of%scien7fic%knowledge%and%technology%on%forest%restora7on% ▸Researchanddevelopmentofappropriatetechnology ▸Timelydeliveryofmaterialsandtechnicalservices ▸Provisionofadequatetechnicalassistanceandextensionof appropriatetechnologytousers
  15. 15. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 05.'Challenges'and'Solu*ons' Lack%of%financial%and%human%resources% ▸Emphasisonshorttermgainsinincomeandwelfare ▸Appropriateand0melyfinancialsubsidiesandaccesstoresources ▸Reinvestmentofapor0onofthegains Lack%of%policies%and%awareness% ▸Strong,clearlawsandregula0onsdevelopedwith par0cipa0onofvillagers ▸TopNdownandbodomNupplanningwithemphasisoncoopera0on ▸Longtradi0onofvillagecoopera0on
  16. 16. “If'you'love'your'country,'plant'trees”' ' Park,'Chung/hee' Late'President'of'the'Republic'of'Korea' '
  17. 17. LargeNscaleForestRestora0oninKorea 06.'Factors'of'Success' ▸ClearNa0onalConsensus ▸Interna0onalInterestandSupport ▸StrongPoli0calWilland Governance(Saemaul'Undong) ▸KeyTechnologyof NForestRestora0on NHumanResources NNa0onalInventory
  18. 18. The'Green'Will'
  19. 19. TheGreenWill 01.'Young;il'Forest'erosion'control'project' hdps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EV566fnNkjA
  20. 20. ASer'the'Successful'Restora*on'
  21. 21. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on “Forest' Rehabilita7on' projects”' “Development'of' forest'resources”' 01.'Transi*on'in'Forest'Policies' 2008;2017 TheFikh Na0onal ForestPlan “Pursuing'SFM”' “Na7on'with' Sustainable' welfare'and' green'economy”' 1973;1987' TheFirstand Second Na0onal ForestPlans 1988;1997' TheThird Na0onal ForestPlan 1998;2007' TheFourth Na0onal ForestPlan
  22. 22. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on 02.'Current'State'of'Forests'in'Korea Forest'Ecosystem'Services'
  23. 23. AkertheSuccessfulRestora0on ※'How'did'we'calculate'Forest'Ecosystem'Services? ▸Con0ngentValua0onMethod NCalculatethevaluebysurveyingconsumers’willingnesstopay (BiodiversityConserva0on) ▸GrossExpenditureMethod NCalculatetheamountallocateforforestNrelatedac0vi0esbyanalyzing consumerpaderns(Foresttherapy,Forestrecrea0on) ▸ReplacementCostMethod NQuan0fyforestecosystemservices,andthenmul0plybythecostof technologyrequiredwhenobtainingtheseservices(Waterstorage enhancement,Waterqualityimprovement,Erosioncontrol,Landslide preven0on,Airqualityimprovement,WildlifeProtec0on)
  24. 24. Forest'Ecosystem' Restora*on'Ini*a*ve
  25. 25. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 01. Interna*onal'Trend In2003,theGlobalPartnershiponForestandLandscape Restora0on(GPFLR)wasestablished,ledbyIUCN,WWFandUK INSeptember2011,theBonnChallengecalledforrestora0onof150Mhaby2020
  26. 26. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 01. Interna*onal'Trend The'Hyderabad'Call'for'ac7on'on'biodiversity'was'made' at'the'CBD'COP'11' “If'we'really'want'to'fully'achieve'the'20'Aichi'Biodiversity'Targets,' urgent'aYen*on'needs'to'be'given'to'at'least'half'of'them'to'ensure' their'full'implementa*on,'or'at'least'significant'progress,'by'2015.”' /Mr.'Braulio'Ferreira'de'Souza'Dias,'CBD'Execu7ve'Secretary(2012)
  27. 27. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' AichiTargets MOE KFS BioNBridge Ini0a0ve Pyeongchang Roadmap ForestEcosystem Restora0onIni0a0ve
  28. 28. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Supportdevelopingcountriesintheirrestora0onefforts
  29. 29. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel AichiTargets Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process
  30. 30. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Workshops ▸LearningexchangesatregionalandsubNregionallevel ▸Iden0fica0on,transla0on,developmentandadapta0onoftoolsforuse byPar0es ▸Technicalclinics
  31. 31. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Directsupporttocountriestocarryoutassessmentsofdegrada0onand restora0onpoten0al,intheframeworkofAichiTargets5,11and15 NCallforproposalsfromcountries NSelec0onandfundingofrecipientcountries NReviewandmonitoringofprojects NRepor0ngfromcountriesandtheSecretariat
  32. 32. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Interna0onal/globaltechnicalsupportnetwork NCoordina0onmechanismbetweendifferentregionsandini0a0ves ▸Regionalsupporthubs“centersofexcellence” NBuildingontheTechnicalandScien0ficcoopera0onnetworks
  33. 33. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 02.'Forest'Ecosystem'Restora*on'Ini*a*ve(FERI)' Implementa0onofrestora0onac0on atna0onalandsubNna0onallevel Capacity Building Implementa0on Support (10+countries) Technical supportand coopera0on Expert process ▸Mee0ngsofexpertsandscien0ficgroupsonissuesrelatedtoforest ecosystemrestora0on
  34. 34. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 03.'The'Future'We'Expect' Source:hdp://www.globalNgreenhouseNwarming.com/deforesta0on.html
  35. 35. ForestEcosystemRestora0onIni0a0ve 03.'The'Future'We'Expect' Source:hdp://www.globalNgreenhouseNwarming.com/deforesta0on.html
  36. 36. Thank'you!' Korea'Forest'Service' Interna*onal'Coopera*on' Division' Choi,'Young'tae' globalkfs@korea.kr'

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