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CoP"11"Convention"on"Biological"Diversity" International"Centre"for"Research"in"Agroforestry"                      (ICRAF)...
Agroforestry"Systems"
Combating"Hidden"Hunger"/"Moringa"oleifera"                               Annual"Moringa"                                 ...
Rich"source"of"Vitamin"C"
Leucaena"leucocephala"(Subabul"in"India)"                    Genetic"homogeneity"                      enhances"genetic"  ...
Mitigating"Climate"Change":""            Role"of"Terrestrial"Carbon"Banks"o  Globalnetprimaryproductivity(NPP)=120Gt/c/yea...
Mitigation"(Reducing"Green"Gas"Emissions)"Carbondioxide   Reducing deforestation and forest                            d e...
Agro8Forestry"System"involving"Fertilizer"                 Trees""        Building"Soil"Carbon"Banks"
19 varieties of Yam in 4 species were in Cultivation (as of                   2006) but less than 5 in rural market and no...
Mixed"Cropping"–"Coping"Mechanism"Against""            Natural"Calamities"            Kolli"Hills,"Tamil"Nadu"      Climat...
Herbal"Biovalley"                  The goal of the Biovalley is to promote                  biohappinessamongtribalfamilie...
Rio"+"20"(2012)"Convertbioresourcesintojobs      andincomeinan environmentallysustainableandsociallyequitablemanner    Bre...
""Fighting"Genetic"Anemia"                              CommunityGene&SeedBanksNationalGeneBank                           ...
Genetic"Garden"of"HALOPHYTES"at"Vedaranyam"Converting"Sea"Water"into"Fresh"Water"through"Halophytes"Obligatoryhalophytes  ...
Agro8Aqua"farming"with"sea"water"
Sea"Water"Farming"                                    Rhizophora"plantation"Sesuvium"plantation""A""halophyte""
Traditional"Wisdom"         The"sky"is"held"up"by"trees."         If"the"forest"disappears,"the"         sky"which"is"the"...
Tree diversityday2012swaminathan
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Tree diversityday2012swaminathan

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Presentation on Tree Diversity Day, 11 October 2012, at the 11th CBD Conference of Parties in Hyderabad, India

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Tree diversityday2012swaminathan

  1. 1. CoP"11"Convention"on"Biological"Diversity" International"Centre"for"Research"in"Agroforestry" (ICRAF)" Hyderabad,)11)October)2012) Biodiversity"and"Agro8forestry" M"S"Swaminathan,"FRS" UNESCOChairinEcotechnology MSSwaminathanResearchFoundation,Chennai,India
  2. 2. Agroforestry"Systems"
  3. 3. Combating"Hidden"Hunger"/"Moringa"oleifera" Annual"Moringa" Variety" developed"at"the" Tamil"Nadu" Agricultural" University"Promote"the"Consumption"of"Millet"and"Moringa
  4. 4. Rich"source"of"Vitamin"C"
  5. 5. Leucaena"leucocephala"(Subabul"in"India)" Genetic"homogeneity" enhances"genetic" vulnerability"to"pests""
  6. 6. Mitigating"Climate"Change":"" Role"of"Terrestrial"Carbon"Banks"o  Globalnetprimaryproductivity(NPP)=120Gt/c/yearo  Most of it is returned to the atmosphere through plant and soilrespirationo  If10%ofNPPisretainedintheterrestrialbiosphere(ie,soil, plants, wetlands, mangrove ecosystems) , 12 Gt/c/year can becomepartofaterrestrialcarbonbanko  IncreasingsoilCpoolby1tonc/ha/yearintherootzonecan increasefoodproductionby30to50milliontonnes Source:(Dr(Rattan(Lal(
  7. 7. Mitigation"(Reducing"Green"Gas"Emissions)"Carbondioxide Reducing deforestation and forest d e g r a d a t i o n a n d p r o m o t i n g afforestation(REDD) Methane BiogasPlants NitrousOxide NeemCoatedUrea A"Biogas"Plant,"a"few"Fertilizer"Tress"and"a" Farm"Pond"in"every"Farm"
  8. 8. Agro8Forestry"System"involving"Fertilizer" Trees"" Building"Soil"Carbon"Banks"
  9. 9. 19 varieties of Yam in 4 species were in Cultivation (as of 2006) but less than 5 in rural market and none in urban market Dioscorea alata 1.  Inchikachil I & II` 2.  Kuzhikavithu I 3.  4.  Kuzhikavithu II Quintalkachil I Life Saving Crops 5.  Quintalkachil II 6.  Anakomban in Wayanad 7.  Kaduvakkayyan 8.  Urulan kachil 9.  Kuppathottikizhangu 10.  Elivalankachil 11.  Neendi/Veetukizhangu 12.  Vella kachil I & II 13.  Chorakachil/cherakachil/chuvappukachil/ Neela kachil I, II & III Dioscorea esculenta 14. Nanakizhangu 15. Vella Enchi kachil 16. Mullan Kachil Dioscorea rotundata 17.Africankachil 18. Thoonankachi Dioscorea bulbifera 19. Erachikachil/AdathappuConvention"on"Biological"Diversity"
  10. 10. Mixed"Cropping"–"Coping"Mechanism"Against"" Natural"Calamities" Kolli"Hills,"Tamil"Nadu" Climate"Smart"Nutri"Cereals"
  11. 11. Herbal"Biovalley" The goal of the Biovalley is to promote biohappinessamongtribalfamiliesthrough integrated attention to the conservation, sustainableuseandequitablesharingofthe bioresources of the area leading to health, work and income security. Conservation Farming will include steps for soil health enhancement, harvesting and efVicient use ofrainwaterandsavingandusingplantsfor savinglivesandstrengtheninglivelihoods.LinkingBiodiversity,BiotechnologyandBusinessina mutuallyreinforcingmanner BiovalleyistoBiotechnology(BT),whatSilicon ValleyistoInformationTechnology(IT)
  12. 12. Rio"+"20"(2012)"Convertbioresourcesintojobs andincomeinan environmentallysustainableandsociallyequitablemanner Breakingthedichotomy betweenthepropertyofNature andpovertyofpeople
  13. 13. ""Fighting"Genetic"Anemia" CommunityGene&SeedBanksNationalGeneBank A"similar"Seed"Vault"has" Svalbard– been"established"by"DRDO" GlobalSeedVault at"Chang"La"in"the" Himalayas" Conservationcontinuum
  14. 14. Genetic"Garden"of"HALOPHYTES"at"Vedaranyam"Converting"Sea"Water"into"Fresh"Water"through"Halophytes"Obligatoryhalophytes FacultativehalophytesToleratehighconcentration Mostofthespeciestolerateofsodiumsalts onlymoderatelevelofsalinity >3timesofseawatersalinity Reproductionrequireslow salineconditionEvendemandhighNaClfor survivalandreproduction Mangroves 1560species 60species
  15. 15. Agro8Aqua"farming"with"sea"water"
  16. 16. Sea"Water"Farming" Rhizophora"plantation"Sesuvium"plantation""A""halophyte""
  17. 17. Traditional"Wisdom" The"sky"is"held"up"by"trees." If"the"forest"disappears,"the" sky"which"is"the"roof"of"the" world" collapses." Nature" a n d" m a n" t h e n" p e r i s h" together" Amerindian)song) Guyana)

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