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Asylum Seekers and refugees
AishaMulligan 17354266
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
WEEK 12
1
When movements become a force of change
• Protest movements have played a large role in history, especially
those that hum...
Detention of asylum seekers in Australia
• Under the Migration Act 1958, asylum seekers who come into
Australia and do not...
Woomera detention centre
 Woomera immigration detention centre was build on a defence site in
South Australia in the midd...
Woomera social movement
• In 2002 the detainees participated in a hunger strike; over 30 people
including children sewed t...
Champion of Change
FREEDOM SEEKER
HOPE SEEKER
SECURITY SEEKER
LIFE SEEKER
ASYLUM SEEKER
http://www.asrc.org.au/about-us/
5...
Reference List
• Bebe, L. (2002). Detention of asylum seekers in Australia. The
Lancet, 359, 792-793.
• Fernandez, R. (201...
Picture reference list by picture number
1. Global Research, http://www.globalresearch.ca/imperial-
globalization-and-soci...
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Slideshare week 12 - Social Movements

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Slideshare week 12 - Social Movements

  1. 1. Asylum Seekers and refugees AishaMulligan 17354266 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS WEEK 12 1
  2. 2. When movements become a force of change • Protest movements have played a large role in history, especially those that humanised our society • Such movements include the black freedom movement in America that confronted the system and led to their government passing the legislation that implemented the promises of the reconstruction period. • The Vietnam antiwar movement brought the war in Southeast Asia to an end. • The woman's movement and the gay liberation movement won legal rights and saw the American social life and culture transform. • During 2002 hundreds of committed social activists protested Australia’s treatment of asylum seekers which aided in closing the Woomera detention centre. (Piven, 2008, p.2) 2
  3. 3. Detention of asylum seekers in Australia • Under the Migration Act 1958, asylum seekers who come into Australia and do not have a valid visa must be held in immigration detention centres. They are held here until they are removed from Australia or granted a visa. • In 2012 the Australia Government introduced a third country processing system for asylum seekers who arrive by boat. These people are transferred to a third country unless they are exempt by the Minister for Immigration and Border Security. • The two third countries where the asylum seekers are sent to are Nauru and Papua New Guinea. • Asylum seekers who arrive unauthorised by boat but are granted permission to stay in Australia, have their claims processed under Australian Law. Those who are sent to a third country have their claims processed under that particular countries laws. 3
  4. 4. Woomera detention centre  Woomera immigration detention centre was build on a defence site in South Australia in the middle of the desert, a two hour drive from Port Augusta.  It was opened in 1999 by the Howard Government and was closed in 2003 after numerous protests.  The center housed close to 1500 asylum seekers, including 500 children.  The Woomera refugee and asylum seeker centre breached many human rights laws. Many detainees were mistreated including being mentally and physically abused.  Studies confirm children were being raped, women were being administered vaccinations while pregnant and others were miscarrying and not provided any medical assistance.  The treatment of the detainees began a social movement to campaign against Australia’s system of mandatory detention.
  5. 5. Woomera social movement • In 2002 the detainees participated in a hunger strike; over 30 people including children sewed their lips together. Some started to drink shampoo in a suicide attempt. They wanted their voices to be heard. • With no action taken and no response from the government the detainees became frustrated and angry which in turn resulted in people rioting with one detainee hopitalised after jumping off a roof. • During Easter 2002 direct action was taken when protesters arrived at the detention center and broke down 30 meters of fence. • Some detainees escaped while others were arrested by police. • ACM guards became aggressive and started beating people and throwing them over the fence. • Police and guards surrounded the place with no escape and the situation was contained and the centre went back to normal. (Fernandez, 2013) 4
  6. 6. Champion of Change FREEDOM SEEKER HOPE SEEKER SECURITY SEEKER LIFE SEEKER ASYLUM SEEKER http://www.asrc.org.au/about-us/ 5 6
  7. 7. Reference List • Bebe, L. (2002). Detention of asylum seekers in Australia. The Lancet, 359, 792-793. • Fernandez, R. (2013, May, 5). 10th year anniversary of the closure of the notorious Woomera detention centre. Asian- Australian arts and culture. Retrieved from http://peril.com.au/blog/politics/10th-year-anniversary-of-the- closure-of-the-notorious-woomera-detention-centre/ • Piven, F. (2008). Can power from below change the world? American sociological review, 73, 1-14. • Skeers, J. (2013, June, 3). Australia: staff expose inhuman conditions at Woomera detention centre. World socialist web site. Retrieved from http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2003/06/woom-j03.html
  8. 8. Picture reference list by picture number 1. Global Research, http://www.globalresearch.ca/imperial- globalization-and-social-movements-in-latin-america/15718, 2014, May, 22. 2. BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/1900482.stm, 2014, May, 22. 3. Right Now, http://rightnow.org.au/topics/asylum-seekers/the- economic-cost-of-our-asylum-seeker-policy/, 2014, May, 22. 4. Prospero Productions, http://www.prospero.com.au/productions/the-man-who-jumped, 2014, May 23. 5. Asylum Seeker Resource Centre, http://www.asrc.org.au, 2014, May, 24. 6. ABC, http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/2012/08/10/3565015.htm, 2014, May 20.

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