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ANJALY MEERA ABRAHAM
INTRODUCTION
 WATER HAS BEEN USED BY LANDSCAPE
ARCHITECTS AS A KEY AESTHETIC FACTOR.
 IT WAS IMPLEMENTED FOR BREAKING TH...
 ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN VISUAL AND NON
VISUAL LANDSCAPES DEPENDS ON THE
PERCEPTION OF THE OBSERVER.
 WATER IS A BASIS OF LI...
 WATER IS A MULTIDIMENSIONAL OBJECT OF
RESEARCH WHICH APPEARS IN VARIOUS FIELDS:
1. ENVIRONMENTALLY : A NATURAL RESOURCE ...
 WATER IS AN IMPORTANT
DESIGN ELEMENT.
 LIKE PLANTS, WATER HAS
QUALITIES THAT CHANGE OVER
TIME AND IN DIFFERENT LIGHT
AN...
1. ANCIENT GREECE
• IN ANCIENT GREECE, FOUNTAINS WERE
CONSIDERED TO BE SACRED.
• THEY WERE CONVERTED FROM A HOLE
EXCAVATED...
 PUBLIC FOUNTAINS WERE EXISTING IN
ANCIENT ROME.
 USUALLY THEY WERE A RECTANGULAR
STONE TANK ON A SMALL PEDESTAL AND
IT ...
 IN BYZANTIUM,WATER WAS A SYMBOL OF
LIFE, HEALTH AND CIVILISATION
 THE PEOPLE WERE REGARDING WATER AS
AN INDISPENSIBLE E...
 BATHS WERE A SOCIABLE PLACE
APPROPRIATE FOR MEETINGS,
DISCUSSIONS AND DEMONSTRATIONS.
 WATER WAS CONSIDERED TO BE A
SUP...
WATER RELATED LANDSCAPE VALUES :
1. SOUND OF WATER OR WATER BIRDS
2. MOVEMENT OF RIVERS, WATERFALLS OR
WAVES
3. COLOURS OF...
 LINE
 THE WATER SURFACE CAN BE EXPRESSED
AS A LINE.
 BY SHAPING THE EDGE OVER WHICH
WATER FALLS, WATER CAN BECOME A
SE...
 WATER FEATURES CAN BE LINEAR,
ACCENTUATING THE FLOW OF WATER, OR
COMPACT IN FORM
 IT CONVEYS A SENSE OF CENTRALITY OR
A...
 GOOD QUALITY WATER IS RELATIVELY
CLEAR
 IT TAKES ON COLOR IMPARTED BY
REFLECTIONS CARRIED UPON ITS
SURFACE
 THE WATER ...
 THE SURFACE OF MOVING WATER IS
DETERMINED BY DEPTH AND FLOW
CHARACTERISTICS, SHAPE AND DEPTH OF
ITS CONTAINER.
 CONSTRI...
 WATER STIMULATES THE SENSES.
 WATER CAUSE MEMORIAL AND EMOTIONAL
IMPACTS WITH ITS TRANQUIL AND SENSITIVE
PROPERTIES.
 ...
1 .RUNNING
WATER IN THE
GARDEN MAKES A
DYNAMIC
IMPRESSION
WHICH BREAKS
ANY MONOTONY
CAUSED BY
EXTENSIVE GREEN
MATERIAL.
FO...
WATER PROOF
MASONRY, LIKE
CONCRETE, CAN
SEAL ALL THE
WATER IN THE
WATER FEATURE.
PONDS
NATURAL LOOKING
WATER FEATURES
SUCH AS ARTIFICIAL
STREAMS OR WILDLIFE
POOLS ARE USUALLY
IRREGULAR SHAPED
AND LINED WITH
FL...
 WATER BELONGS TO THE MOST
INPORTANT AESTHETIC SOURCES.
 ITS EXISTENCE (NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL)
IMPROVES DRASTICALLY THE ...
 AN INTRODUCTION TO LANDSCAPE
DESIGN.
 FUNDAMENTALS OF LANDSCAPE
ARCHITECTURE – BY TIM WATTERMAN
 THE WATER ELEMENT AS ...
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
Role of water in landscape s5
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Role of water in landscape s5

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LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE AND WATER

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Role of water in landscape s5

  1. 1. ANJALY MEERA ABRAHAM
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  WATER HAS BEEN USED BY LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS AS A KEY AESTHETIC FACTOR.  IT WAS IMPLEMENTED FOR BREAKING THE MONOTONY CAUSED BY THE SOLID MATERIALS USED BY ARCHITECTS OR ARTISTS
  3. 3.  ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN VISUAL AND NON VISUAL LANDSCAPES DEPENDS ON THE PERCEPTION OF THE OBSERVER.  WATER IS A BASIS OF LITERARY AND ARTISTIC PERCEPTION OF LANDSCAPE  ITS A NEUTRAL ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENT WHICH CANNOT BE CLEARLY CLASSIFIED AS NATURAL OR BUILT.
  4. 4.  WATER IS A MULTIDIMENSIONAL OBJECT OF RESEARCH WHICH APPEARS IN VARIOUS FIELDS: 1. ENVIRONMENTALLY : A NATURAL RESOURCE FOR LIVING 2. SOCIALLY : A SENSITIVE BASIS FOR DEVELOPING HUMAN ACTIVITIES 3. FINANCIALLY : IT INFLUENCES TOURISM, AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES, ETC. 4. CULTURALLY : RELATED TO FOLKLORE, MYTHOLOGY, ART AND RELIGION 5. AESTHETICALLY : REPRESENTED AS A BEAUTY ELEMENT OF NATURE.
  5. 5.  WATER IS AN IMPORTANT DESIGN ELEMENT.  LIKE PLANTS, WATER HAS QUALITIES THAT CHANGE OVER TIME AND IN DIFFERENT LIGHT AND WEATHER CONDITIONS  ITS CAPABLE OF PRODUCING A WIDE VARIETY OF EFFECTS, FROM THAT OF A STILL POND, TO THE EXCITMENT OF A GREAT CASCADE. IT APPEALS TO ALL THE SENSES, TO ALL PEOPLE OF ALL AGES.
  6. 6. 1. ANCIENT GREECE • IN ANCIENT GREECE, FOUNTAINS WERE CONSIDERED TO BE SACRED. • THEY WERE CONVERTED FROM A HOLE EXCAVATED CLOSE TO THE WATERPOINT INTO THE BUILDINGS
  7. 7.  PUBLIC FOUNTAINS WERE EXISTING IN ANCIENT ROME.  USUALLY THEY WERE A RECTANGULAR STONE TANK ON A SMALL PEDESTAL AND IT HAD A SCULPTURED HUMAN OR ANIMAL HEAD.  THE NAME OF EACH FOUNTAIN IS DETERMINED BY THE POSITION,SHAPE OR LOCAL TRADITION
  8. 8.  IN BYZANTIUM,WATER WAS A SYMBOL OF LIFE, HEALTH AND CIVILISATION  THE PEOPLE WERE REGARDING WATER AS AN INDISPENSIBLE ELEMENT OF PARADISE  FOUNTAINS WERE EXISTING EVEN AT RURAL OR FOREST AREAS FOR THE NEEDS OF TRAVELLERS
  9. 9.  BATHS WERE A SOCIABLE PLACE APPROPRIATE FOR MEETINGS, DISCUSSIONS AND DEMONSTRATIONS.  WATER WAS CONSIDERED TO BE A SUPERNATURAL ELEMENT  IT WAS CONSIDERED TO BE AN ELEMENT OF MULTIPLE BELIEFS AND FUNCTIONS.
  10. 10. WATER RELATED LANDSCAPE VALUES : 1. SOUND OF WATER OR WATER BIRDS 2. MOVEMENT OF RIVERS, WATERFALLS OR WAVES 3. COLOURS OF WATER AND COASTS 4. REFLECTIONS ON WATER SURFACE 5. POSSIBILITY OF EXPANDING BIOTOPES OF CERTAIN SPECIES. 6. WATER CREATES A SCULPTURING EFFECT.
  11. 11.  LINE  THE WATER SURFACE CAN BE EXPRESSED AS A LINE.  BY SHAPING THE EDGE OVER WHICH WATER FALLS, WATER CAN BECOME A SERIES OF VERTICAL LINES  IT ACCENTUATES THE VERTICAL DIRECTION.  IT IMPLIES A CONNECTION BETWEEN EARTH AND SKY.
  12. 12.  WATER FEATURES CAN BE LINEAR, ACCENTUATING THE FLOW OF WATER, OR COMPACT IN FORM  IT CONVEYS A SENSE OF CENTRALITY OR ARRIVAL
  13. 13.  GOOD QUALITY WATER IS RELATIVELY CLEAR  IT TAKES ON COLOR IMPARTED BY REFLECTIONS CARRIED UPON ITS SURFACE  THE WATER SURFACE REFLECTS ALL THE COLORS IN ITS IMMEDIATE ENVIRONMENT.
  14. 14.  THE SURFACE OF MOVING WATER IS DETERMINED BY DEPTH AND FLOW CHARACTERISTICS, SHAPE AND DEPTH OF ITS CONTAINER.  CONSTRICTIONS OR PROTUSIONS INTO THE FLOW CAUSE TURBULENCE AND INCREASE SURFACE TEXTURE.
  15. 15.  WATER STIMULATES THE SENSES.  WATER CAUSE MEMORIAL AND EMOTIONAL IMPACTS WITH ITS TRANQUIL AND SENSITIVE PROPERTIES.  THE MOVEMENT OF WATER PRESENTS A DYNAMIC AND CHARMING CHARACTER.  WATER IMPLIES INSTABILITY OR MOVEMENT AGAINST THE BALANCE
  16. 16. 1 .RUNNING WATER IN THE GARDEN MAKES A DYNAMIC IMPRESSION WHICH BREAKS ANY MONOTONY CAUSED BY EXTENSIVE GREEN MATERIAL. FOUNTAIN IN THE GARDEN.
  17. 17. WATER PROOF MASONRY, LIKE CONCRETE, CAN SEAL ALL THE WATER IN THE WATER FEATURE. PONDS
  18. 18. NATURAL LOOKING WATER FEATURES SUCH AS ARTIFICIAL STREAMS OR WILDLIFE POOLS ARE USUALLY IRREGULAR SHAPED AND LINED WITH FLEXIBLE WATERPROOF MATERIALS. EDGING AND LINING STREAMS
  19. 19.  WATER BELONGS TO THE MOST INPORTANT AESTHETIC SOURCES.  ITS EXISTENCE (NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL) IMPROVES DRASTICALLY THE AESTHETIC EFFECT.  THE AQUATIC ELEMENT IS OF CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE FOR THE QUALITY OF LIFE AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF ECO-SYSTEMS AND ALSO FOR ATTRACTIVENESS OF LANDSCAPES.
  20. 20.  AN INTRODUCTION TO LANDSCAPE DESIGN.  FUNDAMENTALS OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE – BY TIM WATTERMAN  THE WATER ELEMENT AS AESTHETIC FACTOR IN LANDSCAPE DESIGN - PDF

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