6. NEPAL – FROM WORLD’S VIEW
Wanderlust Travel Awards 2001, UK (2nd position in top
Modern Maturity, America’s largest circulated
magazine (quoted The Annapurna Trail-one of the best 12 walks of world)
Observer Travel Award 2002, UK (2nd position in favorite long
BBC Holiday – 50 place too see before you die (the
heights of the Himalayas ranked Nepal 30th position)
Lonely Planet ‘Drained along the greatest heights of the Himalaya,
the Kingdom of Nepal is a land of subline scenery, time-worn temples,
and some of the best walking trails on earth”
1st – In TTF Award, India
7. Nepal at a Glance
Location : In between India & China
Area : 147,181 sq.km
Population : 28 million
People : 101 ethnic groups & 92 dialects
FOOD : DAL-BHAT (carbohydrate n
Language : Nepali is the national language.
Political System : Multi party republic system
Climate : Nepal has four seasons
Winter : December-February
Spring : March – May
Summer : June – August
Autumn : September – November
Elevation : 60 - 8848 meter (Mt. Everest)
1953 May 29 Ascended.
Geographical Division : 3 geographical zones-
18. Biological Diversity
One of Asia’s most rich biodiversity.
wide range of altitude has contributed to abundant
and diverse ecosystem, species and genetic resources.
home of 2% of world’s flowering plants.
4% of the world’s mammals (the largest population of
one horned rhino is found in Chitwan National Park).
8% of the world’s bird populations, among which the
Spiny Babbler is endemic to Nepal.
Out of an estimated 1,000 species of indigenous
medicinal plants approximately 700 species have been
19. Other Unique Features:
Eight of the world’s 14 highest mountains
found in Nepal
The world’s deepest gorges—the Kali
Gandaki named after the ferocious goddess
Kali, which is also Nepal’s very best river for
white water rafting.
Tilicho Lake (at 5,099m) north of Annapurna
is one of the highest lakes in the world.
Nepal has the world’s second largest
hydroelectric power potential
20. TOURISM Major Attraction
•CULTURE & HERITAGE
•ADVENTURE & MOUNTAINEERING •WILDLIFE
•Community Development Work
Culture & Heritage
Culture: Tibeto Burman and Indo-Aryan people.
Nepal is known as the land of Living Goddess
Kathmandu has one of the richest Buddhist icons in the world. (1967, UN
Mystic Bajrayana; an important Buddhist sect is found only in Nepal
Religious tolerance and cultural harmony is the living force of the
Kathmandu is the living cultural museum of the world.
Dolpo in Nepal is the last stronghold of Bonpo religion;
21. World Heritage Sites
Name # Yr Criteria
Sagarmatha National Park 120 1979 Nature
(3 Ancient Palaces of Bhaktapur,
Kathmandu and Lalitpur, Boudhnath, 121 1979 Culture
Changunarayan, Pasuhpatinath, and
Chitwan National Park 284 1984 Nature
Lumbini, the Birthplace of Lord 666 1997 Culture
27. Protected Areas of Nepal
1. Chitwan National Park
2. Sagarmatha National Park Hunting Reserves
3. Langtang National Park 1. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
4. Rara National Park
5. Bardia National Park Conservation Areas
6. Shey Phoksundo National Park 1. Annapurna Conservation Area
7. Khaptad National Park 2. Manasulu Conservation Area
8. Makalu Barun National Park 3. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
9. Shivapuri Nagarjun National 4. Blackbuck Conservation Area
Park 5. Api Nampa Conservation Area
10. Banke National Park 6. Gauri Shankar Conservation Area
1. Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
2. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
3. Parsa Wildlife Reserve
National Parks -10_, Wildlife Reserves -3_, Conservation Areas -6_, Hunting Reserve
-1_, Buffer Zones -12_; altogether about 23% of the total area of the country
34. Major Attraction
Adventure & Mountaineering
Jungle Safari -Around 326 peaks in
Paragliding Nepal are opened for
Bungee jumping mountaineering
Bird Watching -1,310 peaks above 6000
untaineering & Adventure
Established in 1992
Non Profit, Non Governmental Organization
“Kathmandu Environmental Education Project (KEEP) is a
registered non-profit, non-governmental organisation. Our
mission is to ensure the future ecological and cultural
prosperity of Nepal and its people by maximising the
benefits and reducing the negative impacts associated with
37. Major Activities
• Visitors’ Information Centres
• Tourism Capacity Development Program
• Community Development Program
• Environmental Awareness Program
• Volunteer Program
• Porters’ Welfare Program
42. RESPONSIBLE TOURISM
• It would be good to take a guide and porter. So ,
organize with a reputable eco friendly trekking
• Make sure with the company that guides or porters
are appropriately equipped for the trek and also
ensure they provide insurance for them.
• Guides and porters get sick too. Make sure that there
are sufficient funds for their treatment.
44. Solid Waste Waste
• Never buy food, drink and meat in tin
and in bottles. Stick to fresh foods and
• Proper Waste disposal
• Remember decomposition at higher
altitude is very low.
3. Water Pollution
• Take biodegradable soaps
• Never go to the river for toilets, try to
use local latrine
46. b. Social
1. Channel Your Generosity
• Never promote begging
attitude of children.
• the mountain rural local
• Donating to charitable
organization is also an option.
c. Local Cultures and Customs
1. Respect people and their culture
48. c. Local Cultures and Customs
• If you are invited into a Nepali Home,
remove your shoes at the entrance
• Do not put litter into a cooking hearth or fire.
• Never eat from some-one else’s plate .
• Feet are viewed as unclean in Nepalese
society so avoid stepping over religious
objects, eating surfaces and anyone’s legs or
feet. When sitting don’t point your feet at
• Remove shoes before entering temples,
monasteries and don’t eat, drink and smoke.
50. Health and Safety
• Do not trek alone, particularly if you are a woman.
• Don’t tempt others into theft
• AMS can be deadly. It is a serious hazard that can
affect anyone, even those with previous experience
at high altitude. You must learn the symptoms and
recognize when you have them.
• Early symptoms include headache, loss of appetite,
trouble sleeping, upset stomach, nausea and fatigue.
• To prevent AMS take your time ascending and give
your body time to adjust to the thinner air. Drink
plenty of water.
• For further information on AMS pick up a leaflet at
KEEP Information Centre at KEEP.
51. Health and Safety
• Diarrhoea is a common problem for travelers, however
with careful attention to hygiene, it’s possible to avoid it.
• Never drink tap water. Use iodine tablets to purify
• Make sure boiled water really is boiled and not just
• Avoid eating meat and stick to carbohydrates and
• Wash your hands frequently.
52. Waste MINIMIZATION
A Trekker can consumes 5 litres
of water and leave behind 5
plastic bottles as waste
1 IODINE tablets = 1 liters of
53. • Everest
• Everest base camp
• Khumbu Glacier
• Loboche (Pyramid)
Island Peak •
• Chhukung Ri
• Imja l
• Namche bazaar
57. While Trekking
Experience in Nepal: Be careful
Feel Nepal: Not only Mountain, Majorly, local
indigenous people living people.
Environmentally friendly items (iodine tabs,
Poaching and illegal wildlife trade. (Nepal is a
Nepali foods, dance of different indigenous
culture. Respect local.
58. Buy Mountain Local products-‘Gifts & Souvenir to Friends,
‘Small help is a Great Help’
Support Mountain school, village- Responsible Trekker
125 languages -124 spoken
Water Tower of Asia
Diversity-People, Festivals, …
Fables: Nature-rivers, ponds, land, mountains, ……
Flowers: Rhododendron (Red)
Nepal - US size
New Year Eves
Mhapuja (October 27, 2011), Maghi (January 15, 2012)
Lhosar(s) -(Tamu Dec 30, 2011, Sonam Jan 24, 2012, Gyalpo Feb 22, 2012)
Baishakh 1st (April 13, 2012)
60. Don’t rush! Take time to enjoy the view which will also
help with your acclimatization www.facebook.com/keepnepal