The presentation describes growth of mutual funds sector with an emphasis on indian market. Its history, types, advantages, disadvantages, how to invest, where to invest, etc.
Anything and everything about Mutual Funds.
“It is not wise to put all eggs into one basket”
So its better to invest your money differently.
Mutual Fund - Definition
A mutual fund is a trust that
pools together the savings of
a number of investors who
share a common financial
The money thus collected is
then invested in capital
market instruments such as
shares, stocks, bonds, shortterm money market
instruments, debentures and
in Europe in the
History of Mutual
Trust - First official Mutual
27 years slow
Growth & index funds
were born in 1970.
5. Mutual Fund in India.
The mutual fund industry in India started in 1963
with the formation of Unit Trust of India, at the
initiative of the Government of India and
The history of mutual funds in India can be
broadly divided into four distinct phases.
ICICI prudential mutual fund
TATA mutual fund
HDFC mutual fund
Birla sun life mutual fund
Reliance mutual fund
State Bank of India mutual fund
Kotak Mahindra mutual fund etc..
Various Mutual Funds in
TYPES OF MUTUAL FUNDs
Schemes according to Maturity
An open-ended Mutual
fund is one that is
available for subscription
and repurchase on a
continuous basis. These
Funds do not have a
fixed maturity period.
A close-ended Mutual
fund has a stipulated
maturity period e.g. 5-7
years. The fund is open
for subscription only
during a specified
period at the time of
launch of the scheme.
Fund according to Investment
Growth / Equity Oriented Scheme :
Such funds have comparatively high risks.
The aim of growth funds is to provide capital appreciation over the
medium to long- term.
These schemes provide different options to the investors like
dividend option, capital appreciation, etc.
Income / Debt Oriented Scheme :
The aim of income funds is to provide regular and steady income to
Such schemes generally invest in fixed income securities such as
bonds, corporate debentures, Government securities and money
Such funds are less risky compared to equity schemes
Balanced Fund :
The aim of balanced funds is to provide both growth and regular income
as such schemes invest both in equities and fixed income securities in
the proportion indicated in their offer documents.
These are appropriate for investors looking for moderate growth.
Index Funds :
This schemes invest in the securities in the same weightage comprising
of an index.
This schemes would rise or fall in accordance with the rise or fall in the
Money Market :
These schemes invest exclusively in safer short-term instruments
such as treasury bills, commercial paper and government securities,
These funds are also income funds and their aim is to provide easy
liquidity, preservation of capital and moderate income.
These funds are appropriate for corporate and individual investors
as a means to park their surplus funds for short periods.
Gilt Funds :
These funds invest exclusively in government securities.
Government securities have no default risk.
REASONS TO INVEST
EXPERT ON YOUR SIDE: When you invest in a mutual fund, you
buy into the experience and skills of a fund manager and an army
of professional analysts
LIMITED RISK: Mutual funds are diversification in action and
hence do not rely on the performance of a single entity.
MORE FOR LESS: For the price of one blue chip stock for
instance, you could get yourself a number of units across a
number of companies and industries when you invest in a fund!
EASY INVESTING: You can invest in a mutual fund with as little as
Rs. 5,000. Salaried individuals also have the option of investing in
a monthly savings plan.
CONVENIENCE: You can invest directly with a fund house, or
through your bank or financial adviser, or even over the internet.
INVESTOR PROTECTION: A mutual fund in India is registered with
SEBI, which also monitors the operations of the fund to protect
QUICK ACCESS TO YOUR MONEY: It's good to know that should
you need your money at short notice, you can usually get it in
four working days.
TRANSPARENCY: As an investor, you get updates on the value of
your units, information on specific investments made by the
mutual fund and the fund manager's strategy and outlook.
LOW TRANSACTION COSTS: A mutual fund, by sheer scale of its
investments is able to carry out cost-effective brokerage
TAX BENEFITS: Over the years, tax policies on mutual funds have
been favorable to investors and continue to be so.
HOW TO BUY?
Identify „What to Buy‟
Evaluate Funds from various Mutual Fund Cos.
Mutual Fund Co. and
Fill Up Form
Attach Relevant Documents
21. + RISK FACTORS OF MUTUAL FUNDS
THE RISK-RETURN TRADE-OFF: The most important relationship to
understand is the risk-return trade-off. Higher the risk greater the
returns/loss and lower the risk lesser the returns/loss.
MARKET RISK: Sometimes prices and yields of all securities rise and fall.
Broad outside influences affecting the market in general lead to this.
CREDIT RISK: The debt servicing ability of a company through its cash
flows determines the Credit Risk faced by you.
Inflation Risk: Inflation is the loss of purchasing power over time.
INTEREST RATE RISK: In a free market economy interest rates are difficult
if not impossible to predict.
POLITICAL/GOVERNMENT POLICY RISK: Changes in government policy
and political decision can change the investment environment.
LIQUIDITY RISK: Liquidity risk arises when it becomes difficult to sell the
securities that one has purchased.
The Mutual Fund Industry is a growth
Mutual Funds cover a spectrum of
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