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ICT literacy ICT literacy basically involves using digital technology, communication tools and/or access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in order to function in a knowledge society.
How to use Information technology effectively ?Learners use computer-based services tosearch and find relevant information.Learners retrieve relevant information.Learners decode information in variety offorms( written, statistical and graphic).Learners critically evaluate information ofdifferent fields of knowledge.
Information Technology –Cont’dLearners can use computer based services to write, analyze, present and communicate information.Learners can use information technologies to create networks of co- learners and to share, collaborate and construct knowledge.
Importance of ICT As a source of Knowledge As a medium to transit Knowledge As a means of interaction / dialogue
Attributes of Computer based technologyMulti-sensory delivery: Text, graphics, animation, sound and video.Active learning: enhanced learner interest.Co-operative learning: positive group/social interaction.Communication Skills: one-to-one, one-to- many, many-to-many.Multicultural education: link students from across the country/around the world.Motivation: greater learner engagement (time).
“ Any technology which increase the rate of learning would enable the teacher to teach less and the learner to learn more”
ICT tools Multimedia PC, Laptop, Notebook. CDs& DVDs, digital video, still camera. Internet and its tools- e-mail ,browsers, website, search engines, chat etc. Computer aided instruction& computer mediated video/audio conferencing. Digital libraries , e-books& electronic publications. Microsoft publishing -news letter, poster, brochure.
Digital techniques Word processing -documents, notes, projects, assignments Spread sheet programming -records, exam scores Data bases -information storage Graphing software -to prepare teaching- learning resources Developing Multimedia kits -to make process interesting Using internet and e-mail facilities -to gain knowledge Games and simulations -to improve quality of learning
Advantages of ICT Sharing digital resources, wide variety of services, Flexibility, Reliability, faster speed, cheaper cost.
Influence of ICT in student learning ICT helps to provide interactive learning experiences. ICT stimulates and motivates students to learn. ICT provides comfortable learning . ICT aids in the understanding of difficult concepts and processes. ICT caters to different learning styles. ICT helps students to gain valuable computer skills. ICT aids in collaboration and group work.
Unique features of ICTICT facilitate collaboration andcommunication.ICT aid in the visualization of difficultconcepts.ICT promote creativity.ICT enable multiplier effect of documents.ICT provide flexibility and variety in learning.ICT provide a multimedia effect.
Computers Computers are cognitive tools; Computers are performance support systems (PSSs). Computers offer multi-media ways for obtaining large amounts of information from web sites.
Power point presentationPPT presentations can beincorporated with a variety ofdifferent kinds of multi-media aspects:images, video, audio and animations. PPT is neat and clean and it allows forportability of materials.PPT is easy for professors to update,saving them time and energy.
Students who use multimedia tools are active learners. Students reflect these kind of tasks throughout their life. Students work collaboratively, not only with each other, but with researchers and teachers.
Hyper media tools It consists of a database of information structured as nodes or frames. The links between the nodes allow rapid movement through the information and a user interface.
Benefits of hyper media tools Hypermedia helps in exploring a large database of information. Hypermedia helps in accessing elaborations on core information. Hypermedia promote a ‘rich’ learning.
Interactive video The interactive video refers broadly to software that responds to certain choices and commands by the user. A typical system consists of a combination of a compact disk, computer and video technology.
The interactive video Videodisc systems store video pictures, still pictures, and sound on discs that users can control with a videodisc player. These systems can provide the interactive capabilities of computers and the motion-picture capabilities of videos.
Video Conferencing is a method of performing interactive video communications over a regular high speed internet connection. Since it was introduced, communication technologies have improved exponentially.
Computer simulationA computer simulation attempts toreproduce real-life situationsSimulations feature a combination oftext and graphics ,using dialogue andinquiry to guide the student through asituation.Simulations also can bring abouthigher-order synthesis and analysisskills.
Computer-assisted tutorialsTutorials are one of the most commontypes of computer-assisted instruction.Tutorials are “page-turners” similar totextbooks.The one-to-one tutoring and feedbackprovided by a tutorial can make it anexcellent tool for improving studentknowledge
Drill-and-practice programsDrill-and-practice programs work wellin increasing student knowledgethrough repetition, usually throughcuesStudents can repeat sections, helpingindividualized instructionDrill-and-practice programs provideautomatic feedback to learners.
Web based learningThe learner searches website,collects information and learns thelesson.Web is a viable tool to helpstudents gain education withoutbeing on campus. It allows greater autonomy oflearning.
The World Wide Web The World Wide Web potentially provides great flexibility in the distribution of learning resources in interesting fashion. Resources such as lecture notes, readings, tutorials and assignments can be received by students both on and off campus.
Internet and educationthe Internet consists of a large numbercomputers linked by national andinternational tele-communicationnetworks. Each Internet site contains information(text, images, audio, video, links etc.)which are accessible to the individualworking from their home computer.
Properties of internet sites Internet sites are increasing in number, sophistication and content. Internet provides information in text, graphics, audio and video. Internet allows a greater degree of interactivity through real time audiovisual transfers and chat. Colored and animated graphics are of much greater educational value.
Digital libraryA digital library is a collection oftextual, numeric, graphic, audio andvideo data stored in digital form,indexed and logically linked for easeof retrieval.
Components of digital library Textual data Numeric data Graphics data Photographs Audio data Video data
Unique features of digital library Safe storage and multiple access of material Ability to store variety of data Access information from anywhere in the world Ease of search and retrieval
Different e-learning experiences On - line students group: allowing students to interact with each other On - line lecturing: allowing faculty to interact with students On - line counseling: helps students in decision- making On - line libraries and resource center: providing text, documents, articles for reference.
Students should be familiar with basic concepts of ICT.
Students should feel confident about using computers.
Students should be able to use graphics appropriately.
Students should be familiar with using computers to communicate.
Students should be aware of how ICT changes job.
Students can build and userobots to perform experiments.
Students should be able to usecomputers in art.
Students should be able to use computers in dance and music.
Students should be able to use computers for modeling and simulation.
Students should beable to use a simplestatistical package.
Students should be able to usesuitable graphics tools.
Students should be able to create and play music using hardware and software.
Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College(autonomous), Palayamkottai, India-627001. He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations. He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from pre- university to post graduate classes. Send your comments to : firstname.lastname@example.org