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ASSALAMU’ALAIKUM
WR.WB
Direct Speech
Direct Speech (Direct sentence) is a sentence in which the words
of the speaker as it is written directly.Se...
Indirect Speech
Indirect Speech is a phrase that comes
from direct sentences that tell back in another
form or a sentence ...
 Note:
If verbs in the main clause and the shape is PRESENT
PERFECT PRESENT or the existence of a common statement in the...
CHANGES DIRECT SPEECH WITH INDIRECT
SPEECH
In general, direct speech into indirect speech can be
changed by removing the q...
Sentences Direct Speech
Indirect
Speech
Explanation
Statement
“I like eating
out,” said Vina.
Vina said that
she liked eat...
A.Changes In Indirect Speech Tenses
In indirect speech and reported speech is preceded by the word said,
for example: I sa...
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said,”Go to school every day.”
He said,”Wash your face!”
The police ordered,”Walk on!”
Th...
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He told me,”You mustn’t drive a
car without a driving licence.”
He told me that I musn’t dri...
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Can
He said,”I can go to school every
day.”
could
He said (that) he could go to school every...
Direct and indirect
Direct and indirect
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Direct and indirect

Direct Speech (Direct sentence) is a sentence in which the words of the speaker as it is written directly.Indirect Speech is a phrase that comes from direct sentences that tell back in another form or a sentence that reports something spoken by someone else.

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Direct and indirect

  1. 1. ASSALAMU’ALAIKUM WR.WB
  2. 2. Direct Speech Direct Speech (Direct sentence) is a sentence in which the words of the speaker as it is written directly.Sentence is not changed or added. This sentence is written using quotation marks. Therefore, this phrase is also commonly referred to as “Sentence Quotation”. Direct speech is a way to report what someone has said or written, in the form of statements, questions, or other speech, quoting this words exactly.Direct speech surrounding quotation marks (“ ”). In addition, attribution (asked, says, said, yelled, shouted, replied, ordered) often accompanies direct speech. Direct Speech (Direct Sentences) consists of two parts, namely: Reporting Verbs (Verbs are reported) and Reported Words (words or sayings are reported). Example Direct Speech :  “I play basketball every Sunday,” said Nesa  “I’ll be back soon,” he said.  Cika said, ”Don’t walk on the grass please!”  Wafa said, ”Are You Busy ? “  John said, “ I feel tired “
  3. 3. Indirect Speech Indirect Speech is a phrase that comes from direct sentences that tell back in another form or a sentence that reports something spoken by someone else. Therefore the sentence is also called "Reported Speech".In indirect speech, speech delivered by changing the format to make it more clear, natural, and efficient for the listener. Example Indirect Speech : 1) Nesa said that she play basketball every Sunday 2) He said that he will back soon 3) Cika said told me not to walk on grass 4) Wafa asked me if I was busy 5) John said that he felt tired
  4. 4.  Note: If verbs in the main clause and the shape is PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT or the existence of a common statement in the main clause, then there is no time changes in the indirect sentence. example: -She Asks me, "Are you sleepy?" She Asks me Wether I am sleepy -He Has told us, "I am hungry." He told us that he is hungry -She Told Me, "the sun rises in the east“. -She Told me that the sun rises in the east But if the sentence Verbs form apart from the PRESENT and PRESENT PERFECT time then there is a change in the indirect sentence.
  5. 5. CHANGES DIRECT SPEECH WITH INDIRECT SPEECH In general, direct speech into indirect speech can be changed by removing the quotation marks and capital letters (the first letter in the word in quotation marks omitted), adding that the word / Whether / if, adjust pronoun, verb, and or time reference. >> Rule Changes Being Direct Speech and Indirect Speech There are some rules for changing Direct Speech into Indirect Speech, among others, are: • Change tenses. To find out how the rules change tenses in Indirect Speech, please read our next post: Rules Change Tenses in Indirect Speech • Changes in the conjunction. To find out how to change the rules of the conjunction (Connecting Words) in Indirect Speech, please read our next post: Rules Changes in conjunction in Indirect Speech • Changes in Time Specification. To find out how the rules change time Specification (adverb of time) in Indirect Speech, please read our next post: Rules Change Time in Indirect Speech.
  6. 6. Sentences Direct Speech Indirect Speech Explanation Statement “I like eating out,” said Vina. Vina said that she liked eating out. Quotation marks are omitted, I changed to a pronoun she (third person), and converted into a verb like past tense liked Vina assuming no longer like to eat outside or just focus messenger conversation with the past. But the verb can remain confident messenger like if the statement is still valid, for example because of delivered immediately after hearing the words of the messenger. Question “Have you finished your homework?” he asked. He wanted to know whether I had finished my homework. Whether or if added to deliver the news in the form of yes-no question that has been heard before. Imperative “Wake up now!” she shouted. She told me to wake up at that time. Now (time) became at that time or then, while the infinitive verb into the reporting command. Example Changes :
  7. 7. A.Changes In Indirect Speech Tenses In indirect speech and reported speech is preceded by the word said, for example: I said, Jack said or They said. Besides, tenses or forms of time turned into shape over the past time. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Simple Present He said, “I go to Jakarta every month.” Simple Past He said (that) he went to Jakarta every month. Simple Past He said,”I went to Jakarta every month.” Past Perfect He said (that) he had gone to Jakarta every month. Present Perfect He said, “I have gone to Jakarta every month.” Past Perfect He said (that) he had gone to Jakarta every month. Present Continuous He said,”I am going to Jakarta every month.” Past Continuous He said (that) he was going to Jakarta every month. Past Continuous He said, “I was going to Jakarta every month.” Perfect Continuous He said (that) he had been going to Jakarta every month. Future (will) He said,”I will go to Jakarta every month.” Would + verb He said (that) he would go to Jakarta every month. Furure (going to) He said, “I am going to Jakarta every month.” Past Continuous He said (that) he was going to Jakarta every month. .
  8. 8. Direct Speech Indirect Speech He said,”Go to school every day.” He said,”Wash your face!” The police ordered,”Walk on!” The teacher said,”Don’t be lazy!” He told me to go to school every day. He told me to wash my face. The police ordered me to walk on. The teacher told me not to be lazy. B.Indirect Speech With Commands Form of indirect or reported speech changes from the command line using the word usually said, of toll, and ordered and then followed to the infinitive form.
  9. 9. Direct Speech Indirect Speech He told me,”You mustn’t drive a car without a driving licence.” He told me that I musn’t drive a car without a driving licence. C.Indirect Speech With Prohibition Form of indirect speech of the sentence changes made must not ban usually not fixed but must be preceded and followed that + Subject to the auxiliary and verb tenses without changing the (shape of the time). Direct Speech Indirect Speech He said, “Do you go to school every day?” He asked me whether I went to school every day. He said, “Where do you go to school?” He asked me where I went to school. She asked, “When will they come?” She asked me when they would come. D. Indirect Speech By questions Forms of Indirect Speech which is a change from interrogative sentence can be grouped into two: a.IndirectSpeechwithYes-NoQuestion:usuallyusetheword"Whether". b. Indirect Speech by WH Question: Normally use question words that exist in the immediate sentence.
  10. 10. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Can He said,”I can go to school every day.” could He said (that) he could go to school every day. May He said,”I may go to school every day.” might He said (that) he might go to school every day. E. Changes to adverbs, Articles, and modals The change from direct to indirect forms also result in a change in the adverbs, Articles, and certain modals, as follows: can ---> could will ---> would here ---> there now ---> then next week ---> the following week shall ---> should may ---> might this ---> that yesterday ---> the day before

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