“If there is no friendship with them [the
poor] and no sharing of the life of the
poor, then there is no authentic
commitment to liberation, because love
exists only among equals.” ― Gustavo
Gutiérrez, A Theology of Liberation
2. LIBERATION THEOLOGY
A school of thought that explores the
relationship between Christian theology and
Methodology – to do theology (speak of God)
3. Focuses on Jesus as not only
Saviour but also as Liberator.
As a bringer of justice
A theology, not the political movement
A coherent set of religious ideas
5. BRIEF HISTORY
Started in South America in the 1950s
When Marxism was making great
gains among the poor because of its
emphasis on the redistribution of wealth.
Bolstered in 1968 at the Second
Latin American Bishops Conference, in
6. To study the Bible and to fight for
social justice in Christian (Catholic)
The church should derive its
legitimacy and theology by growing out
of the poor.
The church should be a movement
for those who were denied their rights
and plunged into such poverty.
8. GUSTAVO GUTIERREZ
Born: June 8, 1928 in
Studied medicine and
humanities in Peru
Went on to Leuven to study philosophy
and psychology, and received his
doctorate in Lyon.
9. In 1959 – ordained a priest in the Catholic
In his youth, he has osteomyelitis.
This left him bed-ridden for most of his
adolescence and forced him to use a wheel
chair from the ages of 12 to 18.
Experienced and observed a world of
injustice and inequality, a systematic
oppression of the poor.
10. Gutierrez’s theology has led the
way for other liberation theologians,
and much to his credit advocacy for the
poor and providing a voice for the
voiceless has become commonplace.
17. Political liberation – the transformation
of unjust social structures, elimination of
immediate causes of poverty and
Liberation encompasses freeing the
individual from “those things that limit
the capacity to develop themselves freely
and in dignity.”
Freedom from sin and selfishness
19. SOCIAL & POLITICAL LEVEL
Liberation is an expression of
aspirations of the oppressed classes and
Liberation is conceived as a
historical process in which people
develop consciously their own destiny
through the social changes.
22. Theology is not just to be learned, it is
to be done.
“praxis“ – the starting point for
Praxis – from the Greek word prasso
means "to work“.
Praxis must always be the first
stage in the theological process.
The Use of Violence
Violence is not considered sinful
if it is used for resisting oppression.
Bringing about the kingdom of God
A new social order where there will
be equality for all.
Not to deny eternal life, but it is to
emphasize that the eternal and the
27. BASIS: ROMANS 10:9
“IF YOU DECLARE WITH YOUR
MOUTH, “JESUS IS LORD,” & BELIEVE IN
YOUR HEART THAT GOD RAISED HIM FROM
THE DEAD, YOU WILL BE SAVED.”
MAN BELIEVE SAVED
Common Denominator: Believe
30. The mission of the church seems
to be more important than its nature.
No longer “quantitative”
Rather, "at all times to protest
against injustice, to challenge what is
inhuman, to side with the poor and
33. Liberation Theologians
God is not impassive
He is dynamically involved in
behalf of the poor and downtrodden.
Stands against oppression and
Those who follow Him must do
35. Failure of Marxist-socialist regimes
Failure of capitalism
Capitalism favours the privileged
Socialism, in practice, repression
36. Three advantages
1. People's basic needs will be met;
2. Ordinary people will be active
in building a new society; and
3. What is created will be a new Latin
America, not a copy of old socialist