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Timeline of childhood

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Timeline of childhood

  1. 1. By Chelsea Griffin
  2. 2.  the concept of childhood began to emerge in Europe.  Adults saw children as separate beings, innocent and in need of protection and training by the adults around them.  The English philosopher John Locke was particularly influential in defining this new attitude towards children  Tabula rasa, which considered the mind at birth to be a "blank slate”
  3. 3. During the early period of capitalism, the rise of a large, commercial middle class brought about a new family ideology centered around the upbringing of children.  Puritanism stressed the importance of individual salvation and concern for the spiritual welfare of children. 
  4. 4.  The modern notion of childhood with its own autonomy and goals began to emerge during the Enlightenmentand the Romantic period that followed it. Jean Jacques Rousseau formulated the romantic attitude towards children in his famous 1762 novel Emile: or, On Education. Building on the ideas of John Locke and other 17th-century thinkers, Rousseau described childhood as a brief period of sanctuary before people encounter the perils and hardships of adulthood.[3] Sir Joshua Reynolds' extensive children portraiture clearly demonstrate the new enlightened attitudes toward young children. His 1788 painting The Age of Innocence, emphasizes the innocence and natural grace of the posing child and soon became a public favourite.