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BASIC CONCEPT OF RESEARCH
Department of Biosciences
MEANING OF RESEARCH
Research refers to search for knowledge.
It is a scientific and systematic search for knowledge/information
on specific topic.
It is an art of scientific investigation.
According to advanced learners dictionary of current English lays
down as, “careful or inquiry specially through search for new facts
in any branch of knowledge”.
In short, research is a search for knowledge through objective and
systematic method of finding solution to a problem in research
OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH
The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is
hidden and which is not been hidden.
The purpose is to discover answers to questions through
application of scientific research.
1. Exploratory or formulative research.
2. Descriptive research.
3. Diagnostic research.
4. Hypothesis testing research.
MOTIVATION IN RESEARCH
Desire to get a research degree along with its consequences benefits.
Desire to face the challenges in solving problem.
Desire to get intellectual joy of doing some creative work.
Desire to be of service of society.
Desire to get respectability.
TYPES OF RESEARCH
The purpose is to present facts
and information which is
already exist as present.
The language is richer.
The basic example are
summary of an article or result
of an experiment.
The purpose is to compare, analyze
and evaluate something.
The language is more structured
and full of logic for conclusion.
It include facts or information
analyze these to make critical
Descriptive research Analytical research
Applied research aims to finding
a solution for immediate
problem facing a society.
It includes to solve a problem
existing faced by managers.
It is one type of research that
used to answers a specific
Basic research mainly concern
with generalization and with
formulation of theory.
It include comprehend how
problem that occur in
organization can be solved.
It is a type of research it driven
purely by curiosity and a
desire to expand our
Applied research Fundamental/basic research
It is used to gain an understanding
reasons, opinions and motivations.
Qualitative data method vary
using unstructured techniques.
Common methods include: focus
groups, individual interviews and
It is used to quantify the problem
by way of generating numerical
data or data can be transformed
into usable statistics.
Much more structured techniques
It include: various forms of
Qualitative research Quantitative research
It is also referred as analytical as
It is a popular method of research
in social sciences and psychology.
It is related to some or thoery
It is a methodology that tests a
given hypothesis through
observation and experimentation.
Empirical dependent upon
observation and experimentation
and produces variables results, it
is mostly used in scientific
It relies on experience or
observation without theory.
Conceptual research Empirical research
SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH
Research inculcates scientific and inductive thinking and it promotes
the development of logical habits of thinking and organisation.
The role of research in several fields of applied economics, whether
related to business or economy as a whole, has greatly increased in
Research provides the basis for nearly all government policies in our
Research has its special significance in solving various operational and
planning problems of business and industry.
Research is equally important for social scientist in studying social
relationship and in seeking answers to various social problems.