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A Playbook for Achieving Product-Market Fit by Dan Olsen at Lean Startup Conference

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Talk I gave at the Lean Startup Conference sharing top ideas from my book "The Lean Product Playbook." Learn more at http://amzn.to/1EYCUdP

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A Playbook for Achieving Product-Market Fit by Dan Olsen at Lean Startup Conference

  1. 1. A Playbook For Achieving Product- Market Fit DAN OLSEN NOV 12, 2015
  2. 2. My#Background# Educa/on# !  Engineering#background# !  Stanford#MBA# !  UX#design,#web#and#mobile#coding# # Experience# !  Led#Quicken#Product#Management#at#Intuit# !  Led#Product#Management#at#Friendster# !  CEO#&#Cofounder,#TechCrunch#award#winner#YourVersion# !  Product#consultant:#Facebook,#Box,#MicrosoM# !  Organizer:#Lean#Product#&#Lean#UX#Meetup#Silicon#Valley# # I#will#post#my#slides#at#hOp://slideshare.net/dan_o# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  3. 3. What#is#“Lean#Startup”#all#about?# !  Ar/culate#hypotheses# !  Iden/fy#fastest#way#to#test# !  Keep#scope#small:# minimum#viable#product#(MVP)# !  Test#with#customers# !  Learn#and#iterate# !  Achieve#productamarket#fit# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Sounds'easy,'right?'
  4. 4. That’s#Why#I#Wrote#a#HowaTo#Guide# For#Achieving#ProductaMarket#Fit## hOp:///ny.cc/LPP
  5. 5. What#is# ProductaMarket# Fit?#
  6. 6. The#ProductaMarket#Fit#Pyramid#
  7. 7. The#ProductaMarket#Fit#Pyramid#
  8. 8. The#ProductaMarket#Fit#Pyramid#
  9. 9. The#ProductaMarket#Fit#Pyramid#
  10. 10. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  11. 11. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  12. 12. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  13. 13. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  14. 14. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  15. 15. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  16. 16. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  17. 17. The#Lean#Product#Process#
  18. 18. Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  19. 19. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  20. 20. Transporta/on#within#100#miles#of#my#home# Soccer#Mom# # # Speed#Demon# Carry#kids#&#gear# Safety# Fuel#economy# Go#fast# Looks#cool# Makes#me#look#cool# # # # # # Target#Customer#Has#Dis/nct#Needs# Highalevel#need# # Target#Customer# # # Detailed#needs# # Ideal#Product# Soccer#Mom# Speed#Demon#
  21. 21. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  22. 22. # # !  Russians:#pencil# !  NASA:#space#pen# ($1#M#R&D#cost)# # # # # Example# !  Ability#to#write#in#space# (zero#gravity)# Problem#Space#vs.#Solu/on#Space# Problem#Space# !  A#customer#problem,#need# or#benefit#that#the#product# should#address# !  A#product#requirement# Solu/on#Space# !  A#specific#implementa/on# to#address#the#need#or# product#requirement# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  23. 23. Problem#vs.#Solu/on#Space:#Product#Level# Problem#Space# (user#benefits)# Solu/on#Space# (product)# TurboTax TaxCut Pen and paper Prepare my taxes File my taxes Check my taxes Maximize deductions Reduce audit risk Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  24. 24. Problem#Space# # Problem#vs.#Solu/on#Space:#Feature#Level# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Save time filing taxes Save time preparing taxes Maximize my tax deductions Check my return Reduce my audit risk Help me prepare taxes Empowerment/ Confidence Save Time Save Money Tax Interview Wizard Audit Risk Analyzer Tax Return Error Checker Tax Data Downloader Electronic Tax Return Filing Tax Deduction Finder Solu/on#Space#
  25. 25. Group#Exercise:#Customer#Needs# !  Think#about#Airbnb# !  Focus#on#the#problem#space# !  What#customer#needs#does#Airbnb#address?# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  26. 26. Priori/zing#Needs:#Importance#vs.#Sa/sfac/on#Importance#of#User#Need# User#Sa/sfac/on#with#Current#Alterna/ves# Compe//ve Market#Opportunity# Low# High# Low# High# Not#Worth#Going#AMer# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  27. 27. Crea/ng#Customer#Value# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Importance#of#User#Need# User#Sa/sfac/on#with#the#Product# Low# High# Low# High# Area#=# Customer# Value# Created# Area#=# Opportunity# to#Create# Customer# Value#
  28. 28. Users#Rated#13#Key#Features#in#a#Survey# Recommended#reading:# What#Customers#Want #by#Anthony#Ulwick# Great# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Bad#
  29. 29. Kano#Model:#User#Needs#&#Sa/sfac/on# User#Sa/sfac/on# User#Dissa/sfac/on# Performance# (more#is#beOer)# Delighter#(wow)# Need# not#met# Need# fully#met# Must#Have# Needs#&#features# migrate#over#/me# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  30. 30. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  31. 31. What#is#Your#Value#Proposi/on?# !  Which#user#benefits#are#you#providing?# !  How#are#you#beOer#than#compe/tors?# # Must#Have#Benefit#1# Performance#Benefit#1# Performance#Benefit#2# Performance#Benefit#3# Delighter#Benefit#1# Delighter#Benefit#2# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  32. 32. What#is#Your#Value#Proposi/on?# !  Which#user#benefits#are#you#providing?# !  How#are#you#beOer#than#compe/tors?# # Compe5tor'A' Compe5tor'B' You' Must#Have#Benefit#1# Performance#Benefit#1# Performance#Benefit#2# Performance#Benefit#3# Delighter#Benefit#1# Delighter#Benefit#2# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  33. 33. What#is#Your#Value#Proposi/on?# !  Which#user#benefits#are#you#providing?# !  How#are#you#beOer#than#compe/tors?# # Compe5tor'A' Compe5tor'B' You' Must#Have#Benefit#1# Y# Y# Performance#Benefit#1# High# Low# Performance#Benefit#2# Low# High# Performance#Benefit#3# Med# Med# Delighter#Benefit#1# Y# a# Delighter#Benefit#2# a# a# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  34. 34. What#is#Your#Value#Proposi/on?# !  Which#user#benefits#are#you#providing?# !  How#are#you#beOer#than#compe/tors?# # Compe5tor'A' Compe5tor'B' You' Must#Have#Benefit#1# Y# Y# Y# Performance#Benefit#1# High# Low# Med# Performance#Benefit#2# Low# High# Low# Performance#Benefit#3# Med# Med# High# Delighter#Benefit#1# Y# a# a# Delighter#Benefit#2# a# a# Y# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  35. 35. Group#Exercise:#Value#Proposi/on# !  Recall#our#discussion#on#Airbnb#user#needs# !  Who#are#Airbnb’s#compe/tors?# !  Think#about#how#Airbnb#meets#those#needs# beOer#than#alterna/ve#solu/ons# !  What#are#Airbnb’s#differen/ators?# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  36. 36. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  37. 37. What#is#an#MVP?# Courtesy#of#Jussi#Pasanen# See#Aaron#Walter’s#book#Designing'for'Emo-on' Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  38. 38. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  39. 39. The#UX#Design#Iceberg# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# What'most' people'see' and'react'to' What'good' product'teams' think'about'
  40. 40. Geqng#Customer#Feedback# Problem#Space#vs.#Solu/on#Space# !  Customers#CAN’T#ar/culate#problem#space# !  Customers#CAN#react#to#solu/on#space# !  That’s#why#you#need#something#tangible#to# show#to#customers#to#get#good#feedback# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  41. 41. Product#Design#Ar/facts# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Hand# sketch# Interac/vity# Fidelity# Interac/ve# Prototype# Sta/c# Wireframe*# Clickable# Wireframe*# Mockup# # Clickable# Mockup**# *#Balsamiq:#balsamiq.com# **#InVision:#invisionapp.com# Live# Product#
  42. 42. Itera/ve#Design#&#Test#Workflow# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Hand# sketches# Interac/vity# Fidelity# Clickable# Wireframes# Clickable# Mockups# Live# Product# Test# Test# Test#
  43. 43. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1. Determine#your#target#customer# 2. Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3. Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4. Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5. Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6. Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  44. 44. “Ramen”#User#Tes/ng#Session# 10#a#15#min:#Warm#Up#and#Discovery# !  Understand#user#needs,#priori/es# !  Learn#about#solu/ons#they#use,#likes#and#dislikes# 30#a#50#min:#User#Feedback#on#Prototype# !  Show#user#mockup/product# !  Be#as#nonadirected#as#possible:#like#you’re#not#there# !  Ask#ques/ons#to#gain#understanding# 5#a#10#min:#Wrap#up# !  Answer#any#ques/ons#or#issues#that#came#up# !  Point#out/explain#features#you#want#to#highlight# !  Ask#if#they#would#use#the#product# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  45. 45. Dos#&#Don’ts#of#User#Tes/ng#Sessions# Do# !  Explain#to#the#user# !  Feedback#will#help#improve#the#product# !  Not#to#worry#about#hur/ng#your#feelings# !  Think#Aloud#Protocol # !  Try#to#be#a#fly#on#the#wall# !  Take#notes#and#review#them#aMerwards#for#takeaaways# Don’t# !  Ask#leading#or#closeaended#ques/ons# !  Help user#or#explain#the#UI#(e.g.,# click#over#here )# !  Get#defensive#or#blame#the#user# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  46. 46. What#Are#You#Tes/ng#and#Learning?# Problem#Space# All#your#hypotheses# Solu/on#Space# User#reac/ons# Feature#Set# UX#Design# Messaging## Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  47. 47. Itera/ng#Between#User#Tes/ng#Waves# #Customer#Feedback# Mockups#/#Code# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen# Problem#Space# All#your#hypotheses# Solu/on#Space# User#reac/ons#
  48. 48. Problem' Space' Solu5on' Space' Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  49. 49. Persevere#or#Pivot?# Increasing' Product@Market'Fit' Pivot' Product@Market'Fit'=' Geqng#enough#data#to# validate#you’re#climbing#up# the#right#mountain# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  50. 50. The#Lean#Product#Process:# Marke/ngReport.com#Case#Study# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  51. 51. Marke/ngReport.com#Case#Study# !  My#client#(CEO)#had#a#new#product#idea# !  Team:#me,#CEO,#VP#marke/ng,#UI#designer# !  Goals# !  See#if#business#opportunity#exists# !  Do#so#quickly#and#inexpensively#(no#coding)# !  Marke/ng#report would#let#consumers# control#the#direct#mail#that#they#receive# !  Analogous#to#credit#report# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  52. 52. Mapping#Out#Customer#Benefits# Reduce Junk Mail Find out what they know about you Money Saving Offers Compare Yourself to Others Social Networking Marketing Report Marketing Score Marketing Profile Save Trees Marke/ng#Shield # Concept# Marke/ng#Saver # Concept# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  53. 53. Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  54. 54. Recrui/ng#Target#Customers# !  Used#customer#research#firm#(panel)# !  Wrote#screener#to#iden/fy#target#customers# !  Work#fulla/me# !  Fit#for#Saver:#use#coupons,#Costco#membership# !  Fit#for#Shield:#use#paper#shredder,#block#caller#ID# !  Offered#$75#compensa/on# !  Scheduled#3#groups#of#2#or#3#people#for#90#min# !  Moderated#each#group#through#the#mockups# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  55. 55. Learning#from#First#Wave#of#User#Tests# Reduce Junk Mail Find out what they know about you Money Saving Offers Compare Yourself to Others Social Networking Marketing Report Marketing Score Marketing Profile Save Trees Legend Strong appeal Some appeal Low appeal Shield Concept Saver Concept Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  56. 56. Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  57. 57. Summary#of##Case#Study# !  4#weeks#to#validated#product#concept# !  1#round#of#itera/on# !  Zero#coding# !  Reasonable#cost# !  Customers#willing#to#pay#$10/month# !  Trimmed#away#nonavaluable#pieces# !  You#can#achieve#similar#results# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  58. 58. The#Lean#Product#Process# 1.  Determine#your#target#customer# 2.  Iden/fy#underserved#customer#needs# 3.  Define#your#value#proposi/on# 4.  Specify#your#MVP#feature#set# 5.  Create#your#MVP#prototype# 6.  Test#your#MVP#with#customers# Iterate:# "  HypothesizeaDesignaTestaLearn#loop# "  Improve#productamarket#fit# Copyright#©#2015#@danolsen#
  59. 59. Qualita've*vs.*Quan'ta've*Learning* Qualita've* Quan'ta've* Oprah& Spock&
  60. 60. Ken&Norton& Google&Ventures& “10x%not%10%:% Moonshot% Product%Management”% Dec%10th% Josh&Elman& Greylock&Partners& “Let’s%talk%about% Product% Management”% Jan%26th%
  61. 61. Questions? @danolsen# olsensolu/ons.com# slideshare.net/dan_o# leanproductplaybook.com# # Book:#hOp:///ny.cc/LPP# #

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