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LANE 333 -                                                  MORPHOLOGY                                                  20...
A. Definition of “word”    • Words are genuine linguistics units.    •In written texts, words are recognized by the white ...
cont., Definition of “word”“A word is…any segment of a sentencebounded by successive point at whichpausing is possible”   ...
Words can be identified by the pausesbetween them:        p p            p p p p        p    Since the streetlamp is out, ...
B. Simple and Complex Words•English words may be classified on thebasis of the kinds and combinations ofmorphemes of which...
Classification of English Words                  WORDS     Simple      Complex                    Compound     Words      ...
1. Simple words consist of a single   free morpheme.EXAMPLES: flea, long, spirit2. Complex words contain, as their   immed...
Complex Words contain two Bound                Forms:              tele | vise    Complex Words contain Bound and         ...
C. Compound Words    • Compound words have free forms, usually    two as their ICs:                 ICs:      green | hous...
cont.,     Compound WordsCompounds words resemble grammaticalstructures in that they imply, though they donot state, a gra...
Implied Grammatical Structure           Sample      Implied GrammaticalNo.            Structure                           ...
cont.,    Compound WordsCompound words can be distinguished fromgrammatical structures in three ways:1. Compound words can...
cont.,      Compound Words2. A member of a compound word cannot participatein a grammatical structure. COMPARE:      hard ...
cont.,          Compound Words3. Some compound nouns have differentstress patterns than grammatical structures.Example:   ...
15   Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar   10/11/2011
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Words - Morphology Presentation- Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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Words - Morphology Presentation- Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

  1. 1. LANE 333 - MORPHOLOGY 2012 – Term 1 WORDS 9 By: http://SBANJAR.kau.edu.sa/Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com1 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  2. 2. A. Definition of “word” • Words are genuine linguistics units. •In written texts, words are recognized by the white spaces between them. •In linguistic analysis, we are interested in spoken words. •“A word’ is a free morpheme or a combination of morphemes that together form a basic segment of speech” . Norman C. Stageberg2 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  3. 3. cont., Definition of “word”“A word is…any segment of a sentencebounded by successive point at whichpausing is possible” Charles F. Hockett Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/20113
  4. 4. Words can be identified by the pausesbetween them: p p p p p p p Since the streetlamp is out, I must p p p p call up our councilman.4 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  5. 5. B. Simple and Complex Words•English words may be classified on thebasis of the kinds and combinations ofmorphemes of which they are composed. 5 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  6. 6. Classification of English Words WORDS Simple Complex Compound Words Words Words6 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  7. 7. 1. Simple words consist of a single free morpheme.EXAMPLES: flea, long, spirit2. Complex words contain, as their immediate constituents (ICs), either two bound forms or a bound and a free form.EXAMPLES: televise ,telephone7 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  8. 8. Complex Words contain two Bound Forms: tele | vise Complex Words contain Bound and free Forms: tele | phone eras | er8 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  9. 9. C. Compound Words • Compound words have free forms, usually two as their ICs: ICs: green | house out | side • A small number of compound words have three or four free forms as coordinate ICs. Example: happy|-go|-lucky happy| go| spic| and| span | |9 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  10. 10. cont., Compound WordsCompounds words resemble grammaticalstructures in that they imply, though they donot state, a grammatical relationship. Words10 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  11. 11. Implied Grammatical Structure Sample Implied GrammaticalNo. Structure Examples1. Subject + verb earthquake (…earth quakes)2. Verb + object killjoy (kills joy)3. Verb + adverbial stopover (stops over)4. Subject + be + adjectival highchair (chair is high) Adjective modified by5. carefree (… free from care) prepositional phrase 11 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  12. 12. cont., Compound WordsCompound words can be distinguished fromgrammatical structures in three ways:1. Compound words cannot be divided by theinsertion of intervening materials betweenthe two parts, but grammatical structures canbe so divided.COMPARE: She is a sweetheart. She has a sweet heart.12 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  13. 13. cont., Compound Words2. A member of a compound word cannot participatein a grammatical structure. COMPARE: hard ball to base | ballmodifier noun compound word‘very’ can be added: It was a very hard ball.but not * It was a very baseball. 13 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  14. 14. cont., Compound Words3. Some compound nouns have differentstress patterns than grammatical structures.Example: Blúebìrd blûe bírd Compound Word Grammatical Structure14 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011
  15. 15. 15 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10/11/2011

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