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liturgy and sacraments

The Evangelium #12

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liturgy and sacraments

  1. 1. Liturgy and Sacraments
  2. 2. What is the Sacred Liturgy? The Baptism of Christ by Piero della Francesca
  3. 3. What is the Sacred Liturgy? The sacred liturgy is the true worship of God, enacted by Jesus Christ and his body, the Church, through the power of the Holy Spirit. It is a shared ‘public work’ (leitourgia) with ceremonies, rites and formulas established by Scripture and Tradition. KEY DEFINITION
  4. 4. This picture reminds us that a perfect act of worship involves Jesus Christ as our high priest. John the Baptist acts as the sacred minister of this liturgy.Horizontal dimension represents the participation of the Church on earth in the liturgy. Vertical dimension represents the true worship of God in the liturgy, Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
  5. 5. Why does the Church have liturgy? The Last Supper by Sassetta This reminds us how Jesus instructed his Church to perform liturgy in memory of him.
  6. 6. Why does the Church have liturgy? The Church has liturgy in obedience to God. The sacramental rites of the New Testament fulfil and replace the Old Testament rituals. This change is most clearly expressed by Christ’s command at Passover, “Do this in remembrance of me.” (Lk 22:19)
  7. 7. Why does the Church have liturgy? As the true worship of God, it is also clear that the liturgy of the Church should follow the ceremonies, rites and formulas established by Scripture and Tradition where the will of God is revealed.
  8. 8. Why does the Church have liturgy? As we are physical and social beings, it is fitting that the liturgy that God has given to us be public and engage all our senses. Liturgy therefore involves: • common prayers • visual signs • symbolic actions • sacred music • the proclamation of Scripture
  9. 9. The liturgies of the Church Christ Washing the Feet of his Disciples by Duccio di Buoninsegna Christ’s action at the last supper is practised liturgically by the Church on Holy Thursday.
  10. 10. The liturgies of the Church The Eucharist and the other sacraments All these are led by sacred ministers, usually priests, and consist of official prayers, Scripture and sacramental actions. Detail of The Seven Sacraments by Weyden
  11. 11. The liturgies of the Church The Divine Office These are the prayers that priests, religious and many lay people pray several times each day. They consist mainly of the psalms. The Magdalene Reading by Weyden
  12. 12. The liturgies of the Church Other Rites Other rites cover a variety of purposes, including the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA) for reception into the Church , Benediction and Funeral rites.
  13. 13. When is liturgy celebrated?
  14. 14. When is liturgy celebrated? Liturgy follows set times and seasons, the most important being when the Church celebrates the Resurrection of Jesus on Sunday and at Easter. The Resurrection by Piero della Francesca
  15. 15. When is liturgy celebrated? Advent and Christmas Advent is the four-week period when we prepare for the coming of Jesus Christ at Christmas and for his final coming at the end of time. The Nativity by Fra Angelico
  16. 16. When is liturgy celebrated? Lent and Easter Lent is the forty-day period of prayer, fasting and almsgiving that follows the pattern of Jesus’ own preparation in the wilderness for his mission. Holy week and Easter are when we celebrate his redemptive death and Resurrection. The Temptation of Christ by Duccio di Buoninsegna
  17. 17. When is liturgy celebrated? Ordinary Time ‘Ordinary time’ covers the rest of the Liturgical Year. Although this period is called ‘ordinary’, it still includes some special solemnities and feasts. The Mystic Lamb by Jan van Eyck
  18. 18. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Presentation Part II Summary Activities I Please select an activity or go immediately to part II of the presentation
  19. 19. Summary Activities Menu Presentation Part II • The sacred liturgy is the true worship of God, enacted by Jesus Christ and his body, the Church, through the power of the Holy Spirit. • It is a shared ‘public work’ (leitourgia) with ceremonies, rites and formulas established by Scripture and Tradition. • The Church has liturgy in obedience to the will of God; it is also clear that liturgy is fitting for us as social and physical beings. The most important liturgies are those of the sacraments and the Divine Office. Liturgy follows fixed times and seasons.
  20. 20. Questions to reinforce key points The true worship of God Enacted by Jesus Christ and his body, the Church Through the power of the Holy Spirit It is a shared ‘public work’ (leitourgia) With ceremonies, rites and formulas Established by Scripture and Tradition What are the key points of the definition of liturgy? Activities Menu Presentation Part II 1 Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 2 3 4 5 6
  21. 21. Discussion questions Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Discuss why liturgy is a necessary part of the Christian life. • Discuss some of your personal experiences of the Church’s liturgy. Select one or more of the following
  22. 22. Practical activities Activities Menu Presentation Part II • Pray a short office, such as evening or night prayer, from the Divine Office. • Visit a church and make a note of any objects, symbols or colours that have a role in the liturgy. Select one or more of the following
  23. 23. What are the Sacraments? The Communion of the Apostles by Fra Angelico
  24. 24. What are the Sacraments? Sacraments are signs established by Christ that cause what they signify. They heal us from sin and plant, nourish or restore the life of grace in us. KEY DEFINITION
  25. 25. What are the Sacraments?
  26. 26. What are the Sacraments? The table resembles an altar and the room reminds us of the sanctuary of a church, where many of the sacraments take place. This picture reminds us that Jesus Christ is central to all the sacraments. He is the principal agent acting through his minister in the liturgy today. Christ as minister Jesus Christ feeds the apostles one by one with the sacrament of the Eucharist, his own body and blood.
  27. 27. Why are sacraments important?
  28. 28. Why are sacraments important? The sacraments are important because they make the power of the Paschal mystery of Jesus Christ present to us for the sake of our salvation. By these seven channels of grace, God makes us his adopted children and increases his life of grace within us.
  29. 29. Why are sacraments important? The Seven Sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian’s life of Faith. There is thus a certain resemblance between the stages of natural life and the stages of the spiritual life. ccc. 1210
  30. 30. What is essential to the sacraments? The Baptism of the Neophytes by Masaccio St Peter baptises with water and in the name of the Trinity, as is essential to Baptism.
  31. 31. What is essential to the sacraments? Every sacrament has a minister who performs certain actions prescribed by Christ and his Church. Sacraments are not, however, magic formulas; they require faith and consent (the parents give this in the special case of infant Baptism). It is only when all their conditions are fulfilled that the sacraments bring about their intended spiritual effects.
  32. 32. What are the effects of the sacraments?
  33. 33. What are the effects of the sacraments? By God’s will, the sacraments bring about his divine action. They cause what they signify; they are not merely signs or symbols of his work. There are seven sacraments with diverse actions and effects.
  34. 34. BAPTISM The minister pours water over the head of the candidate (or immerses him or her) and says, “[Name] I baptise you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.” THE CELEBRATION OF BAPTISM The forgiveness of sins, the new life of grace and membership of the Church. THE EFFECTS OF BAPTISM
  35. 35. BAPTISM CONFIRMATION The bishop (or priest) anoints a person’s forehead with chrism and says, “Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit.” THE CELEBRATION OF CONFIRMATION The sealing with the Holy Spirit for the mature Christian life. THE EFFECTS OF CONFIRMATION
  36. 36. BAPTISM CONFIRMATION CONFESSION The penitent confesses sins with sorrow and repentance. The priest gives absolution, “I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” THE CELEBRATION OF CONFESSION The forgiveness of sins and the restoration of grace. THE EFFECTS OF CONFESSION
  37. 37. BAPTISM HOLY ORDERS CONFIRMATION CONFESSION The bishop lays his hands on the head of the candidate and then says the prayer of consecration for ordination. THE CELEBRATION OF HOLY ORDERS The ordination of a minister to act in the person of Christ. THE EFFECTS OF HOLY ORDERS
  38. 38. BAPTISM MATRIMONY HOLY ORDERS CONFIRMATION CONFESSION The spouses express their consent to one another following the prescribed canonical form, usually before a priest. THE CELEBRATION OF MATRIMONY The union of the spouses as Christ is united to the Church. THE EFFECTS OF MATRIMONY
  39. 39. BAPTISM ANOINTING MARRIAGE HOLY ORDERS CONFIRMATION CONFESSION The priest anoints the sick person’s forehead and hands with oil, praying the prescribed words. THE CELEBRATION OF ANOINTING The forgiveness of sins, spiritual strength and healing. THE EFFECTS OF ANOINTING
  40. 40. BAPTISM ANOINTING MARRIAGE HOLY ORDERS CONFIRMATION CONFESSION THE EUCHARIST The priest consecrates bread and wine, saying, “This is my body which will be given up for you ....; this is the cup of my blood ...” THE CELEBRATION OF THE EUCHARIST Calvary re-presented; the Real Presence; spiritual food. THE EFFECTS OF THE EUCHARIST
  41. 41. Summary Questions to reinforce key points Discussion questions Practical activities Summary Activities II Please select an activity or go immediately to the concluding prayer Concluding Prayer
  42. 42. Summary Activities Menu • Sacraments are signs established by Christ that cause what they signify. They heal us from sin and plant, nourish or restore the life of grace in us. • The power of the sacraments derives from the passion, death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Seven Sacraments touch all the stages of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian’s life of Faith. • Every sacrament has a minister who performs certain actions prescribed by Christ and his Church. Concluding Prayer
  43. 43. Questions to reinforce key points Signs established by Christ They cause what they signify They heal us from sin They plant, nourish or restore God’s divine life of grace in us What are the key points of the definition of the sacraments? Activities Menu Concluding Prayer Click on a box to reveal one of the answers 1 2 3 4
  44. 44. Discussion questions Activities Menu • “There is … a certain resemblance between the stages of natural life and the stages of the spiritual life.” ccc. 1210. Discuss any parallels that exist between the stages of a person’s natural life and the reception of the sacraments. • Discuss whether someone could receive all seven sacraments in a lifetime. Select one or more of the following Concluding Prayer
  45. 45. Practical activities Activities Menu Concluding Prayer • Read the Compendium of the Catechism questions 224 – 232 on ‘The Paschal Mystery in the Sacraments of the Church’. • Visit a church and try to find any objects or symbols related to each of the seven sacraments. Select one or more of the following
  46. 46. Final Prayer The ‘Gloria’ Glory to God in the highest, and peace to his people on earth. Lord God, heavenly king, almighty God and Father: We worship you, we give you thanks, we praise you for your glory. Lord Jesus Christ, only Son of the Father, Lord God, Lamb of God: You take away the sin of the world; have mercy on us. You are seated at the right hand of the Father; receive our prayer. For you alone are the Holy One, you alone are the Lord, you alone are the Most High, Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit, in the glory of God the Father. Amen.

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