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Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry. OIL: Part 1
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryOIL: Part 1 Fidan Aliyeva MBA in Oil and Gas Management, GradEI
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry (1) Formation, Characteristics and different types (2) Oil as a trading commodity (3) Why it is a burning issue of a day (4) OPEC (5) Oil Majors/International Oil Companies and National Oil Companies www.petroleumanalytics.com
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Oil Formation Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago in a marine (water) environment before the dinosaurs. Over the years, the remains were covered by layers of mud. Heat and pressure from these layers helped the remains turn into what we today call crude oil . The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth." www.petroleumanalytics.com
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Scientific definition Oil and Gas are called Hydrocarbons because they are compound of atoms of hydrogen and carbon. Depending on the mixture of HC molecules, oil differs in colour, composition, consistency H H H H www.petroleumanalytics.com
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Depending on the mixture of hydrocarbon molecules, crude oil varies in colour, composition and consistency. Different oil-producing areas yield significantly different varieties of crude oil. (slide 8)
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry The oil-exporting countries - large positive ratio of next oil exports to GDP. The oil importers - this ratio is negative.Source: IMF, Working Paper/11/194, Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective: Are they Reallythat Bad?, August 2011
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryLarge oil price increases can have more adverseconsequences on world economy. There is a non-linear relationship between oil prices and economicoutcomes, where large upward price increases have adisproportionately negative impact. Source: IMF, Working Paper/11/194, Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective: Are they Really that Bad?, August 2011
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Source: International Energy Agency, Oil Market Report, 13 Sept. 2011
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryWorld Oil ReservesBP Statistical Review, June 2011World proved oil reserves in 2010 were sufficient to meet 46.2 years ofglobal production
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryProduction vs. ConsumptionBP Statistical Review, June 2011
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryWorld Oil ReservesBP Statistical Review, June 2011
Introduction into Oil and Gas IndustryOrganization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Mission: to coordinate and unify the petroleum policies of its Member Countries and ensure the stabilization of oil markets in order to secure an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consumers, a steady income to producers and a fair return on capital for those investing in the petroleum industry. Key Facts: - is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. - today comprises of 12 Member Countries with HQ in Vienna, Austria - more than 80% of world production of the worlds proved oil reserves are located in OPEC Member Countries, with the bulk in the Middle East - Due to significant additions to oil reserves in recent years, OPECs oil reserves currently stand at well above 1,190 billion barrels. www.opec.org
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Source: International Energy Agency, Oil Market Report, September 2011
OPEC continues to increase its capacity to ensure that the worldeconomy benefits from secure oil supplies. About 140 projects withan overall estimated cost of $155billion, are being undertaken byOPEC Member Countries, exlc. other energy infrastructure projects:pipelines, export terminals etc.
In order to educate stakeholders about the distribution of oil revenues, OPEC provided an illustrated explanation of exactly who gets what from the price paid for each barrel of oil.Source: OPEC web-sitehttp://www.opec.org/opec_web/static_files_project/media/downloads/publications/Whogetswhat2010.pdf
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Oil Companies International Oil Companies Majors: ExxonMobil, Total, BP, Royal Dutch Shell Independent: Oxydental, Nations Energy, Talisman Energy National Oil Companies Petrobras (Brasil), SOCAR, Sonatrach (Algeria), NNPC (Nigeria)
Introduction into Oil and Gas Industry Oil Majors February, 2008 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Big_Oil.svg