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Disseminating your research. Scientific profiles and tools

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Presented on November 3, 2017 at the University of Granada.

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Disseminating your research. Scientific profiles and tools

  1. 1. Disseminating your research Scientific profiles and tools Nicolás Robinson-García @nrobinsongarcia
  2. 2. THEORY o Databases and scientific visibility o Open Access and online visibility o Digital identity and reputation DEMOS o How-to guide: tools for disseminating scientific papers (repositories, Google Scholar & reference managers) Agenda
  3. 3. Databases and scientific visibility o Scientific names o Scientific profiles – ORCID & ResearcherID o Web of Science and Scopus – Indicators o Google Scholar Citations Profiles
  4. 4. Sign your papers consistently This means avoiding name variants and making it easy for others to find you Especially relevant if you have more than one surname Scientific names
  5. 5. Recommendations o Always sign in the same format o Use your full given name, no need for initials! o Use hyphens if you have two surnames o If you can choose between different scientific names, use the most uncommon one o Correct any error you may find in a database Scientific name
  6. 6. Scientific profiles Identifying researchers uniquely is a big issue for researchers, funding agencies, publishers and universities
  7. 7. Scientific profiles • Ficha directorio • Perfil en Google Scholar • Perfil/Código ORCID • Perfil Digibug (OA) • Perfil Dialnet • ResearchGate • • Mendeley • Publons
  8. 8. Scientific profiles National R&D Plans and many scientific journals now ask for ORCID
  9. 9. How much does it cost others to find your work in Web of Science? Scientific visibility
  10. 10. Sometimes it is not our fault! Scientific visibility
  11. 11. Scopus uses an algorithm to identify and group publications of a single author Scientific visibility
  12. 12. But never trust entirely these algorithms, they can make serious mistakes! Scientific visibility
  13. 13. ORCID and Researcher ID also not always work! Scientific visibility
  14. 14. How much does it cost others to find your work in Google Scholar? Scientific visibility
  15. 15. Even if we hate them we should learn about bibliometric indicators to know their meaning and limitations as we will be asked to provide them at some point. Bibliometric indicators
  16. 16. H-Index An author has an h index when h of their papers has at least h citations
  17. 17. Journal Impact Factor The Journal Impact Factor is not a good proxy of the expected impact of papers published in such journal Total number of citations received in year X by papers published in a journal in years X-1 and X-2 Total number of paper published in a journal in years X-1 and X-2
  18. 18. Web of Science Citations and usage
  19. 19. Citations reports Web of Science
  20. 20. Scopus Article level
  21. 21. Scopus Researcher profile
  22. 22. Google Scholar Citations
  23. 23. Google Scholar Citations
  24. 24. ResearchGate
  25. 25. ResearchGate
  26. 26. Open Access and online visibility o Main milestones of the OA movement o The roads to Open Access o Some reflections on Open Access and Scholarly Communication
  27. 27. A few publishers control an increasingly higher share of ‘elite’ journals The problem THERE IS SOMETHING WRONG WITH THE PUBLISHING SYSTEM… Which they sell to academic institutions through a ‘big deal’ strategy
  28. 28. o Publishers impose their own collections o Abusive increases on pricing, up to 20% o Libraries acquire journals that are never used The problem … ALL OF THIS LEADS TO THE BEGINNING OF THE OPEN ACCESS
  29. 29. Government funds research Researchers publish their results in peer reviewed scientific journals Publishers edit these papers and sell them back to them through libraries Researchers access their papers through suscription The paradox
  30. 30. 1991 - Paul Ginsparg launches ARXIV The alternative 2002 - Budapest Open Access Initiative 2002 - Doris Lessig develops the Creative Commons licenses
  31. 31. Government funds research Researchers publish their results in peer reviewed scientific journals Publishers edit these papers and sell them back to them through libraries THIS ARE OFFERED IN OPEN ACCESS GRATIS Researchers access their papers through suscription Researchers publish their papers in journals or repositories The alternative
  32. 32. The revolution
  33. 33. The key to all these issues is the right of authors to achieve easily- accessible distribution of their work. If you would like to declare publicly that you will not support any Elsevier journal unless they radically change how they operate… THE COST OF KNOWLEDGE 2013 The revolution
  34. 34. We need to download scientific journals and upload them to file sharing networks. We need to fight for Guerilla Open Acces Swartz † 1986-2013 Robin Hoods of Science
  35. 35. Robin Hoods of Science Alexandra Elbakyan
  36. 36. Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information States that “Policies on open access to scientific research results should apply to all research that receives public funds. EU Open Access policy Implementing OA
  37. 37. GREEN ROAD GOLD ROAD The Roads to OA Self-archiving Journals
  38. 38. The Roads to OA The author is responsible of ensuring open and free universal to its work WEBSITE REPOSITORY
  39. 39. A repository, deposit or archive is a centralized place where digital information is stored and preserved, normally databases or digital files • Institutional • Thematic • Articles • Data The Roads to OA
  40. 40. The Roads to OA Benefits of repositories o They ensure universal and permanent access o They use metadata to describe content and make it easier for research engines to find it o They use permanent URLs that ensure sustainability of hyperlinks.
  41. 41. Peer Review Accepted for publication Published version PRE PRINT POST PRINT PUBLISHER VERSION SUBMIT TO JOURNAL The Roads to OA
  42. 42. Personal Website Repository+ The Roads to OA My advice:
  44. 44. Author pays model JOURNAL Euros per article Articles 2010 Benefits 2010 Genome Biology (BMC) 1.800 € 155 279.000 € Breast Cancer Res. (BMC) 1.345 € 138 185.610 € PLoS One 987 € 6.690 6.603.030 € PLoS Medicine 2.120 € 85 180.200 € Hybrid Model: British Medical Journal>2.500 € The Roads to OA
  45. 45. The Roads to OA
  46. 46. The empire strikes back
  47. 47. The empire strikes back PLOS One Nature Springer Hindawi Publishing
  48. 48. The empire strikes back
  49. 49. Disentangling Gold Open Access Torres-Salinas, Robinson-Garcia & Moed, 2018 Some reflections GOLD OA vs. GREEN OA What is the ultimate goal of OA?
  50. 50. Who’s Afraid of Peer Review? Bohannon, Science, 2014 Some reflections BEWARE! OA journals ≠ Predatory journals
  51. 51. The Google scholar experiment Delgado, Robinson-Garcia & Torres-Salinas, 2014 Some reflections BEWARE! Things are not always what they look like
  52. 52. Digital identity and reputation o From scientific to digital reputation o Reputation and misconduct o Building a digital identity
  53. 53. Going digital The two worlds
  54. 54. Going digital The two audiences The web as a scholarly communication tool Publishing as a scientific communication tool The world The scientists
  55. 55. Going digital Reasons for disseminating research o Social outreach o Influencing public opinion o Self-presentation
  56. 56. HOWEVER… One cannot have a digital scientific reputation if they have no previous scientific reputation Going digital
  57. 57. Going digital Digital reputation A Digital Identity B What they say about us C Positioning
  58. 58. Going digital Digital Identity What they say about us Positioning
  59. 59. Going digital Early career researchers and postdocs are permanently in the market Also, they tend to change often of institution It is advisable to create your own personal website
  60. 60. Going digital Some examples
  61. 61. Going digital Some examples
  62. 62. Going digital Some examples
  63. 63. Going digital My advice • Always updated • Easy to maintain • Not only for others but for you WHAT I DO WHAT OTHER COLLEAGUES DO
  64. 64. Our on-line reputation is build upon our off-line scientific reputation Internet does not forget, science does not forgive Build first your scientific reputation with papers acknowledged by your community, then you can start to work on your on-line reputation Do not try to earn an on-line reputation dishonestly or with strategies from other sectors IT IS YOUR CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENCE THE STORY YOU HAVE TO TELL THROUGH THE INTERNET Reputation & misconduct
  65. 65. WHO DO YOU WANT TO BE? Building a digital identity Type of profile Speaker Researcher Innovative Miscellaneous Channel Web Blogs Networks …there are hundreds of tools… Style Formal vs Informal Scientific vs Personal Misc.
  66. 66. WHO DO YOU WANT TO BE? Building a digital identity Audience Audience – ej. journalists Community – ej. country Contacts – ej. selective Objective Dissemination of publications Discuss results Alert Share resources
  67. 67. Paco Herrera Science communication Selective audience Facebook Informal style Ismael Rafols Science communication International audience Institutional blogs Formal style Daniel Torres Professional + Sci comm National audience Twitter Informal style Some examples…
  68. 68. Some examples…
  69. 69. Demos: How-to guides o Depositing a paper in a repository o Dealing with complementary material and data sets o Making your research visible o Managing scientific information
  70. 70. Depositing a paper 1) Analyze the OA policy of your journal 2) Choose a repository 3) Prepare the post-print: elements 4) Deposit!!
  71. 71. Depositing a paper OA journals’ policies Journal’s website Sherpa/Romeo - Dulcinea Repository Institutional - Thematic Post-print Elements
  72. 72. 1) Analyze the journal’s policy 2) What do you want to share? data vs. material 3) Choose a repository 4) Deposit!! Complementary material
  73. 73. Data policy of a journal Journal’s website Complementary material vs. datasets Material – Data set Where do I deposit the data Repository - Databank Complementary material
  74. 74. 1) Deposit in a repository 2) Link from your website 3) Tweet, blog, spread the word Visible research
  75. 75. 1) Create a profile in Google Scholar 2) Add new publications 3) Manage your publications 4) Create citation alerts Managing sci information
  76. 76. o Open-source reference manager o Easy to import records from the website o Nice citation options o Powerful syncing Managing sci information
  77. 77. o Free reference manager o Easy and powerful reading tool o It is also social network o Collaborating options available Managing sci information
  78. 78. Monitoring social media
  79. 79. BASIC TOOLS 1) OA policies-> Sherpa/Romeo – Dulcinea 2) Repositories -> ArXiV – Digibug 3) Data -> Figshare 4) Managing scientific data-> Google Scholar, Zotero and Mendeley 5) Monitoring social media -> Wrapping up
  80. 80. Acknowledgements Much of the content and ideas included in this presentation are not my own, but are borrowed from other talks given in collaboration with Daniel Torres-Salinas. @nrobinsongarcia Questions?
  81. 81. Disseminating your research Scientific profiles and tools 2nd IMPRESS Workshop, March 2, 2016 @nrobinsongarcia