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The History of Music Boxes
Ginger Bellisario
Sunday, June 1, 14
c
g
-Instigator of mechanical
music
-Bell towers
Sunday, June 1, 14
-Bell ringer
-Shake the rope
-Strike the hammer inside
the bell
-Pulleys
-Pull the rope
-inconvenient
Sunday, June 1, 14
-Earliest Modern Clocks
-Cam attached to a shaft that
rotated once an hour
cam raises and lets fall a
hammer that strikes ...
-More complicated systems
-Sometime 14th century
-Carillons- A set of stationary bells
hung in a tower and sounded by
manu...
Sunday, June 1, 14
Sunday, June 1, 14
-Dials
Sunday, June 1, 14
-Town Clock Shrunk to
become the pocket
watch(16th century)
Sunday, June 1, 14
-German watchmakers
-Tiny Hammers strike
smaller bells
-Presented Emperor Rudolf
II first truly automatic
musical clock 160...
-Englishman Edward
Barlow
-First Repeater WATCH in
1687
Sunday, June 1, 14
-1730 German Anton Ketterer
-First Cuckoo Clock
Sunday, June 1, 14
-Louis Favre
-Watchmaker from
Geneva, Switzerland
-Believed to be
inventor of the first
music box
Sunday, June 1, 14
Sunday, June 1, 14
Sunday, June 1, 14
Sunday, June 1, 14
-1815“Key Wind”
- Four to Six Tunes
-Craftsmen more concerned with tonal quality
Sunday, June 1, 14
-1840 “Rachet Wind”
-Played six to twelve tunes per cylinder
Sunday, June 1, 14
- Typically, metal cylinders powered my a
spring
-Paillard 1862
-Changeable cylinders for different tunes
-More springs =c...
-1875 St. Croix, District of Geneva, Switzerland
-First music box production line
-Pins given to transposer
-Sent to Swiss...
-1876 Gem Organette
Production Germany and
the United States
-Combination of the
cylinder type workings and
reed organ hou...
-1878 Edison’s Talking
Machine
-Turmoil for music boxes
-Produced Voices
Sunday, June 1, 14
-1886 Symphonion
-Revolving DISCS struck with
goose quills
Sunday, June 1, 14
1870-1890
-Cylinder music box production at is height
-Most technically challenging period
-Zithers, Bells,Castanets,Drums...
-First music box factory had opened in Switzerland
1815
-Manufacturers in Bohemia and Germany
-End of the 19th century Eur...
-1899 Polyphon
Music Works sent
workers and
equipment to
America
-Continued to
prosper after being
transplanted
-Inexpensi...
-Polyohon Music
Works
-Surpassed the
Symphonion
Corporation
-Nursery
boxes,Clocks, Coin-
in-the-slot machines
Sunday, June...
-1901 Melville Clark
-First full 88-key player piano
-End of the 19th century beginning 20th
-player pianos
gradually repl...
-“Music box” clockwork
devices
-Not only cylinder
-Modified wind
instruments
-Modified String
instruments
-Combinations of p...
1905-1922
-Phonograph began production
-Stole home audiences
-Production of music boxes dwindled
-Bankruptcy in main manuf...
-Current music box production has not differed from the original
designs much
-Sill in production all over the world
- Swi...
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The History of Music Boxes

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The History of Music Boxes

  1. 1. The History of Music Boxes Ginger Bellisario Sunday, June 1, 14
  2. 2. c g -Instigator of mechanical music -Bell towers Sunday, June 1, 14
  3. 3. -Bell ringer -Shake the rope -Strike the hammer inside the bell -Pulleys -Pull the rope -inconvenient Sunday, June 1, 14
  4. 4. -Earliest Modern Clocks -Cam attached to a shaft that rotated once an hour cam raises and lets fall a hammer that strikes the bell -struck the hours had no dials to read the time -striking feature more important than the clock faces Sunday, June 1, 14
  5. 5. -More complicated systems -Sometime 14th century -Carillons- A set of stationary bells hung in a tower and sounded by manual/pedal action/machinery Sunday, June 1, 14
  6. 6. Sunday, June 1, 14
  7. 7. Sunday, June 1, 14
  8. 8. -Dials Sunday, June 1, 14
  9. 9. -Town Clock Shrunk to become the pocket watch(16th century) Sunday, June 1, 14
  10. 10. -German watchmakers -Tiny Hammers strike smaller bells -Presented Emperor Rudolf II first truly automatic musical clock 1601 Sunday, June 1, 14
  11. 11. -Englishman Edward Barlow -First Repeater WATCH in 1687 Sunday, June 1, 14
  12. 12. -1730 German Anton Ketterer -First Cuckoo Clock Sunday, June 1, 14
  13. 13. -Louis Favre -Watchmaker from Geneva, Switzerland -Believed to be inventor of the first music box Sunday, June 1, 14
  14. 14. Sunday, June 1, 14
  15. 15. Sunday, June 1, 14
  16. 16. Sunday, June 1, 14
  17. 17. -1815“Key Wind” - Four to Six Tunes -Craftsmen more concerned with tonal quality Sunday, June 1, 14
  18. 18. -1840 “Rachet Wind” -Played six to twelve tunes per cylinder Sunday, June 1, 14
  19. 19. - Typically, metal cylinders powered my a spring -Paillard 1862 -Changeable cylinders for different tunes -More springs =continuous play -Swiss were making small music boxes Sunday, June 1, 14
  20. 20. -1875 St. Croix, District of Geneva, Switzerland -First music box production line -Pins given to transposer -Sent to Swiss homes and Orphanages -Swiss craftsman took metal and formed it into the cylinder Sunday, June 1, 14
  21. 21. -1876 Gem Organette Production Germany and the United States -Combination of the cylinder type workings and reed organ housing Sunday, June 1, 14
  22. 22. -1878 Edison’s Talking Machine -Turmoil for music boxes -Produced Voices Sunday, June 1, 14
  23. 23. -1886 Symphonion -Revolving DISCS struck with goose quills Sunday, June 1, 14
  24. 24. 1870-1890 -Cylinder music box production at is height -Most technically challenging period -Zithers, Bells,Castanets,Drums and Cymbals -Price became prohibitive -Going out of business Sunday, June 1, 14
  25. 25. -First music box factory had opened in Switzerland 1815 -Manufacturers in Bohemia and Germany -End of the 19th century European makers opened factories in the United States Sunday, June 1, 14
  26. 26. -1899 Polyphon Music Works sent workers and equipment to America -Continued to prosper after being transplanted -Inexpensive -Disc-type prospered Sunday, June 1, 14
  27. 27. -Polyohon Music Works -Surpassed the Symphonion Corporation -Nursery boxes,Clocks, Coin- in-the-slot machines Sunday, June 1, 14
  28. 28. -1901 Melville Clark -First full 88-key player piano -End of the 19th century beginning 20th -player pianos gradually replaced Music boxes Sunday, June 1, 14
  29. 29. -“Music box” clockwork devices -Not only cylinder -Modified wind instruments -Modified String instruments -Combinations of player pianos and music boxes Sunday, June 1, 14
  30. 30. 1905-1922 -Phonograph began production -Stole home audiences -Production of music boxes dwindled -Bankruptcy in main manufacturing companies Sunday, June 1, 14
  31. 31. -Current music box production has not differed from the original designs much -Sill in production all over the world - Swiss still famous for their music boxes Sunday, June 1, 14

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