Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Se está descargando tu SlideShare. ×

"The Present Perfect Tense" Project in Seminar in The Teaching of Grammar

Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Anuncio
Próximo SlideShare
Present Perfect Tense
Present Perfect Tense
Cargando en…3
×

Eche un vistazo a continuación

1 de 38 Anuncio

Más Contenido Relacionado

A los espectadores también les gustó (20)

Anuncio
Anuncio

Más reciente (20)

"The Present Perfect Tense" Project in Seminar in The Teaching of Grammar

  1. 1. THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE<br />Glenda R. Perey<br />MAT - English<br />
  2. 2. FORM<br />For sentences with singular subject<br /> (He / She/It) :<br />has + verb (past participle)<br />For sentences with plural subject<br />(I / You / We / They) :<br />have + verb (past participle)<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Present Perfect Timeline<br />
  5. 5. Uses of Present Perfect Tense<br />It occurs with a time expression of duration, e.g., for six years, since 1000, over the last six months, and so on.<br />
  6. 6. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a situation that started in the past and continues to the present<br />The duration of the situation is marked by phrases with either for or since.<br />
  7. 7. They havelived in Florida since 1990.<br />
  8. 8. I have loved her since the first day I saw her.<br />
  9. 9. She has worked in that company for 15 years.<br />
  10. 10. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a recently completed action<br />The adverbs “just” and “already” may be used to express the completed action.<br />
  11. 11. The Japanese climbers have reached the peak of Mount Everest.<br />
  12. 12. Her plane has arrived.<br />
  13. 13. Allan has recentlywritten an article on that very subject.<br />
  14. 14. The teacher hasjustdrawn a circle on the board.<br />
  15. 15. She hasalreadyleft the restaurant.<br />
  16. 16. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing an action that occurred at an unspecified time and has current relevance<br />It is best to associate present perfect with the following topics: experience, achievements or accomplishments, an uncompleted action you are expecting.<br />
  17. 17. Use the present perfect to describe your experience<br />The adverbs “ever” and “never” can be used to talk about our experience.<br />“Never” is used for negative sentences while “ever” is used for questions.<br />
  18. 18. He hasnevertraveled by train.<br />
  19. 19. Have you everbeen to the Eiffel Tower?<br />
  20. 20. Use the present perfect to describe accomplishments<br />We often use the present perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. <br />You cannot mention a specific time.<br />
  21. 21. Man has walked on the moon.<br />
  22. 22. My son has learned how to read.<br />
  23. 23. Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We often use the present perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened.<br />Using the present perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />
  24. 24. Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />“Yet” is used for questions and negative sentences while “still” can be used for both positive and negative sentences.<br />
  25. 25. Bill hasstill not arrived.<br />
  26. 26. James has not finished his homework yet.<br />
  27. 27. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Describing an action that occurred over a period of time that is complete at the moment of speaking.<br />These sentences contain verbs that express actions involving inherent change over time.<br />
  28. 28. Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />The sense of change is enhanced by the time expressions of duration.<br />The perfect aspect imparts the meaning of completion, hence the interpretation that the evolving change is now complete. <br />
  29. 29. You havegrownsince the last time I saw you.<br />
  30. 30. My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.<br />
  31. 31. The value of this house has doubled over the past two years.<br />
  32. 32. His condition has improved considerably in the last three days.<br />
  33. 33. How much have you learned?<br />Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.<br />
  34. 34. 1. The children _____ (make) the house very messy.<br />2. I _____ (see) that actor in several movies.<br />3. The boys _____ (drink) all the soda in the refrigerator.<br />4. Our dog _____ (hurt) its leg.<br />5. One of the workmen _____ (fall) off his ladder.<br />6. She’s sad because her friends _____ (go) to the park without her.<br />7. Dad _____ (have) a shower already.<br />8. I’ve been shouting so much that I _____ (lose) my voice.<br />9. My sister’s boyfriend _____ (buy) her a diamond ring.<br />10. Alan _____ (do) this jigsaw puzzle so many times that he could do it with his eyes shut.<br />
  35. 35. Here are the answers.<br />have made<br />have seen<br />have drank<br />has hurt<br />has fallen<br />have gone<br />has had<br />have lost<br />has bought<br />has done<br />
  36. 36. Here’s your score!<br />10 Perfect!<br />9 Awesome<br />7 – 8 Good work<br />5 – 6 Nice try<br />3 – 4 Study harder<br />0 – 2 What were you doing while the teacher was discussing?!<br />
  37. 37. References:<br />Cowan, Ron. (2008).A teacher’s grammar of English. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.<br />Sargeant, Howard. (2007). Basic English grammar Book 2. CA, USA: Saddleback Educational Publishing.<br />http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />
  38. 38. THANK YOU<br />THANK YOU<br />

×