Uses of Present Perfect Tense<br />It occurs with a time expression of duration, e.g., for six years, since 1000, over the last six months, and so on.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing a situation that started in the past and continues to the present<br />The duration of the situation is marked by phrases with either for or since.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Expressing an action that occurred at an unspecified time and has current relevance<br />It is best to associate present perfect with the following topics: experience, achievements or accomplishments, an uncompleted action you are expecting.<br />
Use the present perfect to describe your experience<br />The adverbs “ever” and “never” can be used to talk about our experience.<br />“Never” is used for negative sentences while “ever” is used for questions.<br />
Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We often use the present perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened.<br />Using the present perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action to happen.<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />
Use the present perfect to talk about and uncompleted action you are expecting<br />We can use the adverbs “yet” and “still” to express that the action is uncompleted.<br />“Yet” is used for questions and negative sentences while “still” can be used for both positive and negative sentences.<br />
James has not finished his homework yet.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />Describing an action that occurred over a period of time that is complete at the moment of speaking.<br />These sentences contain verbs that express actions involving inherent change over time.<br />
Present Perfect Tense is used when:<br />The sense of change is enhanced by the time expressions of duration.<br />The perfect aspect imparts the meaning of completion, hence the interpretation that the evolving change is now complete. <br />
You havegrownsince the last time I saw you.<br />
My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.<br />
The value of this house has doubled over the past two years.<br />
His condition has improved considerably in the last three days.<br />
How much have you learned?<br />Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.<br />
1. The children _____ (make) the house very messy.<br />2. I _____ (see) that actor in several movies.<br />3. The boys _____ (drink) all the soda in the refrigerator.<br />4. Our dog _____ (hurt) its leg.<br />5. One of the workmen _____ (fall) off his ladder.<br />6. She’s sad because her friends _____ (go) to the park without her.<br />7. Dad _____ (have) a shower already.<br />8. I’ve been shouting so much that I _____ (lose) my voice.<br />9. My sister’s boyfriend _____ (buy) her a diamond ring.<br />10. Alan _____ (do) this jigsaw puzzle so many times that he could do it with his eyes shut.<br />
Here are the answers.<br />have made<br />have seen<br />have drank<br />has hurt<br />has fallen<br />have gone<br />has had<br />have lost<br />has bought<br />has done<br />
Here’s your score!<br />10 Perfect!<br />9 Awesome<br />7 – 8 Good work<br />5 – 6 Nice try<br />3 – 4 Study harder<br />0 – 2 What were you doing while the teacher was discussing?!<br />
References:<br />Cowan, Ron. (2008).A teacher’s grammar of English. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.<br />Sargeant, Howard. (2007). Basic English grammar Book 2. CA, USA: Saddleback Educational Publishing.<br />http://www.learnenglish.de/grammar/tensepresperfsim.htm retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/presentperfect.html retrieved on January 5, 2011.<br />
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