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110110 gov primary election 50m

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110110 gov primary election 50m

  1. 1. Still grading journals, Please take out a blank sheet of paper for today’s opener.
  2. 2. DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/01/10, Topic: Primary Elections 2) Next line, write “Opener #38” and then: 1) Write 1 high+1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost<1-5>too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about: Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND
  3. 3. Agenda 1) Primary Elections Primary Objective 1) How does each party choose it’s candidate? Reminder 1) Complete podcast, pick election stories.
  4. 4. Review 1) Creating a Party: Anyone can create a new political party. Party is a club that runs for office. As a private club, parties can set their own rules. 2) How to become a party member: Check box on your voter reg form. Party leaders are chosen by active members or those who give a lot of money.
  5. 5. Notes #38a, Title: “Primary Notes” 1) Primaries: Voters help chose party’s nominee (parties don’t have to have prim.) 2) Delegates: Delegates are a “middle man” in primary process, voters choose del > del. choose nominee (del. are politicians + active party ppl) 3) Primaries in 4 Steps (Jan-June): a) Each party chooses dates to hold primary elections + decides how many delegates each state gets b) After each election, most state’s have delegates awarded proportional to the results. c) Delegates go to party convention to vote d) Who ever gets >50% del. vote is nominee
  6. 6. Notes #38a, Title: “Primary Notes” 1) Primaries: Voters help choose party’s nominee (parties don’t have to have prim.)
  7. 7. Notes #38a, Title: “Primary Notes” 2) Delegates: Delegates are a “middle man” in primary process, voters choose del > del. choose nominee (del. are politicians + active party ppl)
  8. 8. 3) Primaries in 4 Steps (Jan-June): a) Each party chooses dates to hold primaries + decides how many delegates each state gets b) After each election, most state’s have delegates awarded proportional to the results. c) Delegates go to party convention to vote (Aug) d) Who ever gets >50% del. vote is nominee
  9. 9. Primary Flow Chart Primary Elections (Jan-Jun) Voters Vote Based on Voter Results, Delegates Pledged to Candidates Delegates go to Convention (Aug), 50%+ is winner. Dem: 20% of del. Are super del, pledged to no one. Focus most energy on first 2: IA, NH (Jan) Gen elec in Nov
  10. 10. Proportional Counting: Unlike the general election, in most states primaries, delegates are given out based on proportion of the results. Example: CA: 400* Delegates Clinton 75% = 300 CA delegates Obama 25% = 100 CA delegates So you can loose the majority, and still get delegates. So it really makes no difference if you get 49% or 51% in a primary.
  11. 11. California's Proportional System: DEM: 441 Delegates 1) Each congressional district (CD) gets 3-7 delegates based on voter turnout. 2) Each CD’s delegates decided proportionally (under 15% get none) GOP: 173 Delegates 1) Each congressional district (CD) gets 3 delegates. 2) Who wins that CD wins all 3 votes. Democrats also have something called super delegates. Powerful members of the democratic party are automatically delegates
  12. 12. 1800s, there were no primaries. Party leaders chose their nominees.
  13. 13. 1900s, Party creates primaries to provide the people a say in the nominations.
  14. 14. When more than one person from a party wants to run, a primary election is held. If not, NO primary.
  15. 15. Lose primary, can always run 3rd Party
  16. 16. 4) Iowa and New Hampshire (Jan): Earliest by tradition, give low budget candidates more chance since states are so small (CA: Feb). Other states race to be early. 5) Two Kinds of Primaries: a) Primary: People just vote, no debating. a) Pick up ballot b) Drop off ballot c) Count Most common form (CA) b) Caucus: People debate before voting. a) Pick a corner. b) Debate c) Count Less voters, more party activists vote (IA)
  17. 17. 4) Iowa and New Hampshire (Jan): Earliest by tradition, give low budget candidates more chance since states are so small (CA: Feb). Other states race to be early.
  18. 18. February 5, 2008, after Iowa and NH
  19. 19. Journ #38a, “Primary Debate” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why. 2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Big State/All State 1) Big states deserve more say 2) It’s chaos if everyone races to be after NH/IA 3) Iowa and New Hampshire don’t reflect PRO: Small States 1st 1) Small states take it seriously 2) Small states are cheap allow more to try to run 3) Iowa and New Hampshire are the heart
  20. 20. Notes #38b, Title: “Primary Notes” 5) Two Kinds of Primaries: a) Primary: People just vote, no debating. a) Pick up ballot b) Drop off ballot c) Count Most common form (CA)
  21. 21. Romney, Palin, Jindal, Huntsman
  22. 22. 5) Two Kinds of Primaries: b) Caucus: People debate before voting. a) Pick a corner. b) Debate c) Count Less voters, more party activists vote (IA)
  23. 23. Caucus: People debate before voting. 1) Pick a corner 2) Debate 3) Count
  24. 24. Primary: People just vote, no debating. 1) Pick up ballot 2) Drop off ballot 3) Count
  25. 25. Iowa Caucus (Jan 3): 50* delegates Caucus people debate in a townhall before voting. New Hampshire Primary (Jan 8): 20* delegates Primary people vote without talking. Together, less than 1% of the population.
  26. 26. Journ #38b, “Primary Debate” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why. 2) Then write down what your partner thinks (include their name at the end). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Trad. Primary 1) Less intimidating, more private 2) More people (esp workers) can vote since it goes quick or you can vote by mail PRO: Caucus 1) Lets people talk about ideas, so voters learn from each other 2) Ensures that people who vote really care
  27. 27. February 5, 2008, after Iowa and NH
  28. 28. Notes #38b, Title: “Primary Notes” 6) Primary Elections (Jan-Jun) Voters Vote Based on Voter Results, Delegated Pledged to Candidates Delegates go to Convention (Aug), 50%+ is winner. Dem: 20% of del. Are super del, pledged to no one. Focus most energy on first 2: IA, NH (Jan) Gen elec in Nov
  29. 29. Journal #38c, Title “2008 Election” 1) Copy Source Title: By the People 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion (include their name at the end). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections

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