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DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 12/09/10 , Topic: Treaty of Versailles 2) Next line, write “ Opener #51 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
Agenda 1) 1919, Treaty of Versailles What you will be able to do: 1) How did WWI lay the seeds for WWII? Reminder 1) Work on your WWI Letters Project
Notes #51a , Title: “ End of War Notes ” 1) German Revolts (9/1918) : Shortages + near defeat, gov negotiates end/surrender 2) Paris Peace Conference (11/11/1918, 11am) : Kaiser flees to neutral Netherlands, war ends.
Official Radio from Paris - 6:01 A.M., Nov. 11, 1918. Marshal Foch to the Commander-in-Chief. 1. Hostilities will be stopped on the entire front beginning at 11 o'clock, November 11th (French hour). 2. The Allied troops will not go beyond the line reached at that hour on that date until further orders. MARSHAL FOCH 5:45 A.M.
Notes #51a , Title: “ WWI Wrapup ” 3) WWI : 1914-1918 , total casualties: 37mil ( 16 mil dead ) Allies 5.7 mil dead , Central Powers 4 mil dead , 6.8 mil civilians dead.
Journ #51a , Title “ Treaty of Versailles ” Roles: Goals a) US: You want to ensure lasting world peace and freedom b) France: You want to make sure Germany SUFFERS!!!!!!! c) Germany: You want ensure Germany dignity d) Colonies: You want freedom from all Western (+Japan) powers e) England: You want both what US and France wants Data: UK: $55 billion spent, 3 million casualties (Colonial India: 114,000 casualties) France: $50 billions spent, 5.9 million casualties Russia: $25 billion spend, 6.7 million casualties US: $35 billion spent, 260,000 casualties Germany: $60 billion spend, 5.7 million casualties Instructions: Create a peace treaty In Your Workbook: 1) Write your role (nation) and their goals 2) Write down your group agreement. BE SPECIFIC.
Notes #51b , Title: “ Treaty of Versailles ” 4) US: Wilson : Fights for honorable peace and self determination for all 5) France: Clemenceau : Fights to ensure Ger. never strong enough to fight again 6) Treaty of Versailles (1919) : 11 months long, terms dictated to Germans ( Russia NOT invited ). a) Germany accepts full blame b) Germany cedes it’s western land back to France c) France access to Ger. coal deposits d) German army reduced to 100k , 0 planes/subs e) Germany pay $30 billion ($2 trillion) f) German + Ottoman colonies given to allies g) East Europe unified under multiethnic countries : Yugoslavia + Czech o slovakia to deter Russian power
Germany lost 13% of its population, 15% of its coal, and 50% of its iron ore.
Journ #51b , Title “ Video: Treaty of Versailles ” 1) Copy Source Title: 1919 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
Notes #51c , Title: “ Treaty of Versailles ” 7) Weimar Republic : Kaiser flees Germany, new democratic gov, but weak : a) Ger. ppl feel gov surrendered, giving up too much b) Communism growing (Soviets/clubs spread) c) Solders esp. feel lost and angry
8) League of Nations : Europe creates Wilson’s world organization to collectively resolve conflicts (Ironically, US Senate rejects the treaty, and the League of Nations will fail b/c of lack of US) 9) Lost Generation : War left a whole generation broken in body+spirit a) Distrust in govt (poor handling of war) b) Distrust in capitalism (companies got rich of war) c) Distrust in religion (horrors of war)
10) Great War’s Long Term Impact : a) Reduction in religiosity b) Growth in gov welfare (for veterans, later for all) c) Closer ties between UK/France d) Communist Russia e) Rise of US power (European jealousy)
War Letters 3 Rough Draft On the piece of paper : Draft your last letter, you survived seeing the horrors of what men can do to other men. Here you are here in this picture, this letter is being transcribed by a nurse.
Homework: 1) Work on your World War I Letters Project 2) Study for Test 3 on Fri, Dec 10 .