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Learning trajectories - thefuture of learningGráinne Conole,University of LeicesterECEL conference, Brighton11th October 2...
New$technologies$      E/Pedagogies$        Learner$experience$             Teacher$prac8ce$                 New$approaches$
Today’s educational context•   Rapidly changing    technological    environment•   New digital literacy skills    needed f...
Discussion•   What are the emergent    new technologies?•   How will they impact    education?
Horizon report•   Mobile and e-books•   Gesture and    augmented•   Learning analytics                         http://wp.n...
Social & participatory media                                         6                Media sharing               Blogging...
Social media revolutionThe machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing  Usergenerated content              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peercritiquing  Usergenerated contentNetworked              Social media revolution             The machine is us/ing us
Peer                                 Opencritiquing  Usergenerated contentNetworked              Social media revolution  ...
Peer                                  Opencritiquing  User                                         Collectivegenerated    ...
Peer                                   Opencritiquing  User                                         Collectivegenerated   ...
E-Pedagogies   8     A
E-Pedagogies          8AssociativeFocus on individualLearning throughassociation andreinforcement                      A
E-Pedagogies                              8Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              8Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              8Associative               ConstructivistFocus on individual       Building on p...
E-Pedagogies                              8E-trainingDrill & practiceMobile learning                   Associative        ...
E-Pedagogies                                             8E-training                                                      ...
E-Pedagogies                                             8E-training                                                      ...
E-Pedagogies                                             8E-training                                                      ...
Mobile learning   9
Mobile learning      9E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms
Mobile learning                   9E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms   Podcas...
Inquiry-based learning   10                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Inquiry-based learning   10                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Inquiry-based learning   10                  My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal a...
Role play                   11            Wills, et al., 2010
Learning spaces
Learning spaces   SKG: Learning  Spaces project, Australia Rethinking realand virtual spaces                     Keppell e...
Learning spaces                      Combining the affordances   SKG: Learning             of new technologies with  Spac...
Virtual genetics lab                                    13http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMMfHZUNpZY&feature=youtu.be     ...
New digital literacies      Participatory culture shifts    the focus of literacy from one      of individual expression t...
New digital literacies             Play                                Collective intelligencePerformance                 ...
New digital literacies                              Creativity             Play                                Collective ...
Learner experience                                        15•   Technology immersed•   Learning approaches: task-    orien...
EDUCAUSE study     16   Students    drawn to new    technologies    but rely on    more    traditional    ones   Conside...
Teacher practices: paradoxes                     17•   Technologies not    extensively used    (Molenda)•   Lack of uptake...
Teacher practices: paradoxes                         17•   Technologies not    extensively used    (Molenda)•   Lack of up...
x    Open practices      18        Pandora’s box
x           Open practices         18    Open design                  Pandora’s box
x           Open practices                     18    Open design                   Open delivery                  Pandora’...
x            Open practices                      18    Open design                     Open delivery                    Pa...
x            Open practices                      18    Open design                     Open delivery                    Pa...
Open design Shift from belief-based, implicit  approaches to design-based,        explicit approaches           Learning D...
Representation   20
Representation   20The Open University, UK   KE312  Workingtogether with  children
Representation                         20The Open University, UK   KE312                   What’s the problem?  Working   ...
Course views   21
Course views    21   Course map
Course views                        21                Learning outcomes   Course map
Course views                        21                                  Learning outcomes                     Course mapPe...
Course views                               21                                  Learning outcomes                     Cours...
Course views                               21                                  Learning outcomes                     Cours...
But does it work? Evaluation data22
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey...
Open resources
Open resources
Open resources
Open resources
Open courses: MOOCMassiveOpenOnlineCourse  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3gMGqcZQc                                     ...
Open accreditation
Open accreditationPeer to Peer Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/
Open accreditationPeer to Peer University              OER Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/   http://wikieducator.org/OER...
Open dialogue: Cloudworks                26               http://cloudworks.ac.uk
Open dialogue: Cloudworks                                   26•   A space for sharing and    discussing learning and    te...
Open scholarship   27
Open scholarship   27DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeaching              Boyer
Open scholarship                                27DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeachingOpen                 BoyerDigital...
Open research
Open research
Open research
Open research
The future of learning   30
The future of learning         30                Just in time
The future of learning         30                Just in time Distributed
The future of learning         30                 Just in time  DistributedPersonalised
The future of learning         30                 Just in time  DistributedPersonalised   Blurred
The future of learning                 30                 Just in time  Distributed                   CollectivePersonalis...
The future of learning                 30                 Just in time  Distributed                   CollectivePersonalis...
The future of learning                 30                 Just in time  Distributed                   CollectivePersonalis...
The future of learning                 30                 Just in time  Distributed                   CollectivePersonalis...
Evaluating these new spaces •   How do we evaluate these new spaces? •   What forms of new interaction and     communicati...
Online communities•   New open, social and participatory    media enable new means of    communication, collaboration,    ...
The nature of community•   Complex, distributed, loose    communities are emerging•   Facilitated through different but   ...
Definitions[Community does not] imply necessarily co-presence, a well-defined identifiable group, orsocially visible boundari...
Community as a process•    Constantly evolving and     changing•    Shifting groups and depths     of relationships•    Dy...
Interactivity•   New technologies enable    increasing interactivity    between learners and teachers•   Complex: psycholo...
Community indicatorsParticipation                CohesionSustained over time          Support & toleranceCommitment from c...
Final thoughts Open,participatory and social media enable new forms of communication and collaboration Communities   in ...
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47Conole, G. (forthcoming), Designing for learning in an open world, New York: Springer                               grai...
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  1. 1. Learning trajectories - thefuture of learningGráinne Conole,University of LeicesterECEL conference, Brighton11th October 2011
  2. 2. New$technologies$ E/Pedagogies$ Learner$experience$ Teacher$prac8ce$ New$approaches$
  3. 3. Today’s educational context• Rapidly changing technological environment• New digital literacy skills needed for learners and teachers• New open practices are emerging• New forms of online community and interactivity
  4. 4. Discussion• What are the emergent new technologies?• How will they impact education?
  5. 5. Horizon report• Mobile and e-books• Gesture and augmented• Learning analytics http://wp.nmc.org/horizon2011/
  6. 6. Social & participatory media 6 Media sharing Blogging Mash ups Messaging How are social and RecommenderCollaborative participatory media beingediting systems used to enable open practices? Social Virtual worlds an networking games Social Syndication bookmarking Conole and Alevizou, 2010
  7. 7. Social media revolutionThe machine is us/ing us
  8. 8. Peercritiquing Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  9. 9. Peercritiquing Usergenerated content Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  10. 10. Peercritiquing Usergenerated contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  11. 11. Peer Opencritiquing Usergenerated contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  12. 12. Peer Opencritiquing User Collectivegenerated aggregation contentNetworked Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  13. 13. Peer Opencritiquing User Collectivegenerated aggregation contentNetworked Personalised Social media revolution The machine is us/ing us
  14. 14. E-Pedagogies 8 A
  15. 15. E-Pedagogies 8AssociativeFocus on individualLearning throughassociation andreinforcement A
  16. 16. E-Pedagogies 8Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement A
  17. 17. E-Pedagogies 8Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement ASituativeLearning throughsocial interactionLearning in context
  18. 18. E-Pedagogies 8Associative ConstructivistFocus on individual Building on priorLearning through knowledgeassociation and Task-orientatedreinforcement ASituative ConnectivistLearning through Learning in asocial interaction networkedLearning in context environment
  19. 19. E-Pedagogies 8E-trainingDrill & practiceMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environment
  20. 20. E-Pedagogies 8E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environment
  21. 21. E-Pedagogies 8E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environmentExperiential,Problem-based,Role play
  22. 22. E-Pedagogies 8E-training Inquiry learningDrill & practice Resource-basedMobile learning Associative Constructivist Focus on individual Building on prior Learning through knowledge association and Task-orientated reinforcement A Situative Connectivist Learning through Learning in a social interaction networked Learning in context environmentExperiential, Reflective & dialogicProblem-based, learning,Role play Personalised learning
  23. 23. Mobile learning 9
  24. 24. Mobile learning 9E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms
  25. 25. Mobile learning 9E-booksStudy calendarsLearning resourcesOnline modulesCommunication mechanisms Podcasting
  26. 26. Inquiry-based learning 10 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
  27. 27. Inquiry-based learning 10 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
  28. 28. Inquiry-based learning 10 My communityThe Personal Inquiry projectInquiry-based learningacross formal and informalsettingsSharples, Scanlon et al.http://www.pi-project.ac.uk/
  29. 29. Role play 11 Wills, et al., 2010
  30. 30. Learning spaces
  31. 31. Learning spaces SKG: Learning Spaces project, Australia Rethinking realand virtual spaces Keppell et al., 2011
  32. 32. Learning spaces  Combining the affordances SKG: Learning of new technologies with Spaces good pedagogy project, Australia  Taking account of context, location and time  Blurring of real and virtual Rethinking realand virtual spaces Keppell et al., 2011
  33. 33. Virtual genetics lab 13http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMMfHZUNpZY&feature=youtu.be The SWIFT project
  34. 34. New digital literacies Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The new literacies almost all involve social skills developed through collaboration and networking Jenkins et al., 2006
  35. 35. New digital literacies Play Collective intelligencePerformance Judgement Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The TransmediaSimulation new literacies almost all navigation involve social skills developed throughAppropriation collaboration and networking Networking Multitasking Negotiation Distributed cognition Jenkins et al., 2006
  36. 36. New digital literacies Creativity Play Collective intelligencePerformance Judgement Participatory culture shifts the focus of literacy from one of individual expression to community involvement. The TransmediaSimulation new literacies almost all navigation involve social skills developed throughAppropriation collaboration and networking Networking Multitasking Negotiation Distributed cognition Jenkins et al., 2006
  37. 37. Learner experience 15• Technology immersed• Learning approaches: task- orientated, experiential, just in time, cumulative, social• Personalised digital learning environment• Mix of institutional systems and Cloud-based tools and services• Use of course materials with free resources Sharpe, Beetham and De Freitas, 2010
  38. 38. EDUCAUSE study 16 Students drawn to new technologies but rely on more traditional ones Consider technologies offer major educational benefits Mixed views of VLEs
  39. 39. Teacher practices: paradoxes 17• Technologies not extensively used (Molenda)• Lack of uptake of OER (McAndrew et al.)• Little use beyond early adopted (Rogers)• Despite rhetoric and funding little evidence of transformation (Cuban, Pandora’s box Ehlers)
  40. 40. Teacher practices: paradoxes 17• Technologies not extensively used (Molenda)• Lack of uptake of OER (McAndrew et al.)• Little use beyond early adopted (Rogers)• Despite rhetoric and funding little evidence of transformation (Cuban, Pandora’s box Ehlers) What would it mean to adopt more open practices? Open design, open delivery, open research and open
  41. 41. x Open practices 18 Pandora’s box
  42. 42. x Open practices 18 Open design Pandora’s box
  43. 43. x Open practices 18 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box
  44. 44. x Open practices 18 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box Open dialogue
  45. 45. x Open practices 18 Open design Open delivery Pandora’s box Open dialogue Open research
  46. 46. Open design Shift from belief-based, implicit approaches to design-based, explicit approaches Learning Design A design-based approach to creation and support of courses Encourages reflective, scholarly practicesPromotes sharing and discussion
  47. 47. Representation 20
  48. 48. Representation 20The Open University, UK KE312 Workingtogether with children
  49. 49. Representation 20The Open University, UK KE312 What’s the problem? Working Text-based/focus on contenttogether with Doesn’t show what the children
  50. 50. Course views 21
  51. 51. Course views 21 Course map
  52. 52. Course views 21 Learning outcomes Course map
  53. 53. Course views 21 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile
  54. 54. Course views 21 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile Course dimensions
  55. 55. Course views 21 Learning outcomes Course mapPedagogy profile Course dimensions Task swimlane
  56. 56. But does it work? Evaluation data22
  57. 57. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings22
  58. 58. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings It is iterative and so helps with ironing out any issues22
  59. 59. But does it work? Evaluation dataI find the document quite thought-provoking, especially as a startingpoint in this journey for developinggood understandings It is iterative and so helps with ironing out any issues I could understand the learning design process and would feel able to use this when designing some learning activities22
  60. 60. Open resources
  61. 61. Open resources
  62. 62. Open resources
  63. 63. Open resources
  64. 64. Open courses: MOOCMassiveOpenOnlineCourse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eW3gMGqcZQc http://mooc.ca/
  65. 65. Open accreditation
  66. 66. Open accreditationPeer to Peer Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/
  67. 67. Open accreditationPeer to Peer University OER Universityhttp://www.p2pu.org/en/ http://wikieducator.org/OER_university
  68. 68. Open dialogue: Cloudworks 26 http://cloudworks.ac.uk
  69. 69. Open dialogue: Cloudworks 26• A space for sharing and discussing learning and teaching ideas and designs• Application of the best of web 2.0 practice for teaching• To bridge the gap between technologies and use• Teachers say they want: examples, want to share & discuss• Helps develop skills needed for engaging with new http://cloudworks.ac.uk technologies’
  70. 70. Open scholarship 27
  71. 71. Open scholarship 27DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeaching Boyer
  72. 72. Open scholarship 27DiscoveryIntegrationApplicationTeachingOpen BoyerDigitalNetworked Weller: http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/
  73. 73. Open research
  74. 74. Open research
  75. 75. Open research
  76. 76. Open research
  77. 77. The future of learning 30
  78. 78. The future of learning 30 Just in time
  79. 79. The future of learning 30 Just in time Distributed
  80. 80. The future of learning 30 Just in time DistributedPersonalised
  81. 81. The future of learning 30 Just in time DistributedPersonalised Blurred
  82. 82. The future of learning 30 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Blurred
  83. 83. The future of learning 30 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred
  84. 84. The future of learning 30 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred Responsive
  85. 85. The future of learning 30 Just in time Distributed CollectivePersonalised Creative Blurred Responsive Open
  86. 86. Evaluating these new spaces • How do we evaluate these new spaces? • What forms of new interaction and communication are we seeing?
  87. 87. Online communities• New open, social and participatory media enable new means of communication, collaboration, sharing and co-construction of knowledge• Want to focus on the nature of community in these new online spaces• From tight to loosely coupled: groups, networks and collectives (Dron and Anderson, 2007)• What is it and how can it be fostered, supported?
  88. 88. The nature of community• Complex, distributed, loose communities are emerging• Facilitated through different but connected social networking tools such as facebook, Twitter, Ning• Users create their own Personal Digital Environment• Mix of synchronous and asynchronous tools• Boundary crossing e.g. the power of retweeting• Links between interests, rather than places
  89. 89. Definitions[Community does not] imply necessarily co-presence, a well-defined identifiable group, orsocially visible boundaries. It does implyparticipation in an activity system about whichparticipants share understandings concerningwhat they are doing and what that means in theirlives and for their communitiesLave and Wenger, 1991Virtual communities are social aggregations thatemerge from the Net when enough people carryon those public discussions long enough, withsufficient human feeling, to form webs of personalrelationships in cyberspace.Rheingold, 1993
  90. 90. Community as a process• Constantly evolving and changing• Shifting groups and depths of relationships• Dynamic, evolving and potentially transformative• Both directed and serendipitous interactions
  91. 91. Interactivity• New technologies enable increasing interactivity between learners and teachers• Complex: psychological, social, technical, linguistic and cultural dimensions• Types: communication-based, purpose-based, tool-based, activity-based• Important in achievement, persistence, enjoyment and approaches to learning
  92. 92. Community indicatorsParticipation CohesionSustained over time Support & toleranceCommitment from core group Turn taking & responseEmerging roles & hierarchy Humour and playfulnessIdentity Creative capabilityGroup self-awareness Igniting sense of purposeShared language & vocab Multiple points of viewSense of community expressed, contradicted or challenged Creation of knowledge links & patterns Galley et al., 2010
  93. 93. Final thoughts Open,participatory and social media enable new forms of communication and collaboration Communities in these spaces are complex and distributed Learners and teachers need to develop new digital literacy skills to harness their potential We need to rethink how we design, support and assess learning Open,participatory and social media can provide mechanisms for us to share and discuss teaching and research ideas in new ways We are seeing a blurring of boundaries: teachers/ learners, teaching/research, real/virtual spaces, formal/ informal modes of communication and publication
  94. 94. 39
  95. 95. 40
  96. 96. 41
  97. 97. 42
  98. 98. 43
  99. 99. 44
  100. 100. 45
  101. 101. 46
  102. 102. 47Conole, G. (forthcoming), Designing for learning in an open world, New York: Springer grainne.conole@le.ac.uk

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