What is Phonics?
Phonics is a method for
teaching reading and writing the English
The goal of phonics is to enable beginning
readers to decode new written words by
sounding them out.
The difference between:
- Letter names
Each letter has a name
This link will guide you with letter names:
- Letter sounds
Each letter has a sound
This link will guide you with letter sounds
Learning the letter sounds – Term 2 – New
English Phonics Scheme – BIG CAT
Sounds that are going to be done in Term 2:
s, a, t, i ,p, n, c, k, ck, e, o, r, m, d, g, u, l, h, f,
b, ai , j, oa, ee
In the English alphabet there are 26 letters. From those only 7
letters have a new sound that students need to learn.
Besides these letters there are also phonemes such as ee - sheep
How lessons are delivered
- Revise letter name (songs)
- Story with picture
(We have a story for each letter)
- Introduce sound and action
(We have songs for each letter)
- Big Cat Session
- Capital letters are being introduced in term 2.
We call them also – The Upper Case
- When using The Lower Case, PRECURSIVE
letters are used. That is letters that have ‘exit
strokes’ (flick) to encourage cursive writing at
- However children are also exposed to PRINT
letters especially in books.
Blending means sounding out the letters
Example: s – u – n = sun
c – a – t = cat
Our green copybook (called Grammar) has lists
of words that children can:
SPELL – BLEND – READ
Decoding - Chopping
Decoding works in the opposite way. When child can
blend properly, one can introduce decoding.
Give the child a word and ask him/her to give you
the sounds in that word. Important that you use a
finger for each sound.
Example – pin (show 3 fingers) – p i n
Sessions from Big Cat Software are being done
everyday in class.
Games and Activities that can
be done at home:
- I spy something beginning with ….
- Counting sounds in a word
- Rhyming words game (example: cat, rat, mat,
- Take away a sound (example: “van” -taking
away the “v” and replacing it with “f” is fan
In year 1 we have 60 ‘irregular keywords’ called
‘tricky words’. We cannot spell and blend tricky
words. They have to be learnt by heart.
These are words which are frequently used in
A sheet with these 60 words was given to all the
children in Year 1 and we are shading with a yellow
crayon all the new words that we do every week.
During the 3rd term the children will be doing
other 20 sounds.
z, w, oo (as in wood), oo (as in cool), ie, v, y, ch,
sh, th (as in that), th (as in thank), ng, x, qu, ar,
er, ou, oi, ue and or.
Dictations and Creative Writing will follow during
the third term.
-After the Easter holidays we will be having
Spelling games/dictations in class.
-These are done every Monday morning.
Important that parents sign on the Dictation
copybook every week and that corrections have
to be done when necessary.
-Both Maltese and English dictations will be
given and words to be studied are to be given
in a form of list to all the children beforehand.