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Right to education act (rte act) 2009

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Right to education act (rte act) 2009

  1. 1. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education, Act, 2009 PRESENTED BY Ms. GURKIRAT KAUR ASSISTANT PROFESSOR CHITKARA UNIVERSITY PUNJAB 1
  2. 2. Background Art 21-A inserted in Fundamental Rights as per 86th Constitutional Amendmnet:  The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14 years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine. Consequential legislation::The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Presidential assent received on 26 th August, 2009. 2
  3. 3. Right of ChildrenTo free and compulsory admission, attendance and completion of EE.  Free: no child liable to pay any fee/expense preventing her from pursuing and completing EE.  Compulsion: on the state; parental duty to send children to school.Not enrolled/dropout children be admitted to age appropriate class.No child shall be failed or expelled upto class 8Bars corporal punishment mental harassment. 3
  4. 4. Teachers Qualification for appointment of teachers to be laid down by academic authority authorised by Central Government. Academic responsibilities of teachers laid down Prohibits deployment of teachers for non-education purpose, except for:  Decennial census  Disaster relief  Elections to Parliament, State Legislatures, Local Bodies. 4
  5. 5. Schools  Norms and standards specified for all schools  Infrastructure and related facilities  Pupil Teacher Ratios – for each school  School days; working hours for teachers  Facilities  Community participation in schools ensured through SMC comprising elected reps, teachers and parents  ¾ members from among parents of children in the school; 50% women  Proportionate representation to weaker and deprived sections  SMC to plan, manage and monitor – in collaboration with the local authority5
  6. 6. Schools  All aided schools to provide free education to at least 25% children.  Special category schools and unaided schools to admit in Class I at least 25% children, belonging to weaker section and disadvantaged group, from the neighbourhood, and provide free and compulsory elementary education.  No capitation fees  No screening for admission  No school without recognition.6
  7. 7. Curriculum  Curriculum and evaluation procedure laid down by prescribed academic authority should:  Conform to constitutional values  Make child free from fear, trauma and anxiety  Be child centred, child friendly; provide for learning through activities  Medium of instruction – child mother tongue to the extent possible  Provide for comprehensive and continuous evaluation  No Board examinations till completion of EE7
  8. 8. Duties: Central Government  Develop a national curriculum framework  Develop and enforce standards of training of teachers  Lay down minimum qualification for appointment of teachers  Prepare estimate of capital and recurring expenditure  Provide to States as GIA of revenues such percentage of expenditure as determined in consultation with State Governments  Request President to make reference to Finance Commission to examine need for additional resources to be provided to State Governments.8
  9. 9. Duties: Appropriate Government, Local Authority  Ensure free and compulsory education  Establish schools in neighbourhood within 3 years  Children belonging to weaker sections and disadvantaged groups not to be discriminated against  Infrastructure, school building, teaching staff, learning equipment  Special training for previously not enrolled or drop out children to enable them to be at par with others  Monitoring of admission, attendance, completion of EE  Timely prescription of curriculum, courses of study, teachers’ training9
  10. 10. Protection of Right  Decentralised grievance redressal mechanism  NCPCR/SCPCR assigned additional functions  Examine and review safeguards for rights under this Act, recommend measures for effective implementation  Inquire into complaints relating to child’s right to free and compulsory education  Powers assigned under Section 14 and 24 of the Commissions for Protection of Child Right Act  Where SCPCR not constituted, appropriate Government may constitute an Authority10
  11. 11. Next Steps:  Initiate action under delegated legislation; review existing state legislations on compulsory education and legislations on organisation and management of private schools.  Identify mechanisms for school and habitation mapping in order to define ‘neighbourhood’ , and ensure universal access  Notify plan for automatic progression from primary to upper primary; designate schools and feeder school Identify schools that do not conform to norms and standards prescribed in schedule.  Review content and curriculum in line with Section 29.11
  12. 12. Next Steps:  Undertake redeployment of teachers to ensure PTR in all schools.  Review Cadre and Recruitment Rules for Teacher appointment  Untrained teachers should not be appointed in future,  Notify that teachers shall not be deployed for non-academic work,.  Notify that teachers shall not give private tuitions.  Ensure no-detention/no expulsion policy; ban corporal punishments.  No Board exams till completion of EE,12
  13. 13. Next Steps  Set up SMCs - Enforce management and supervision of schools with community support  Notify all panchayats, municipalities as local authority  Where SCPCRs are not constituted, constitute authority to perform functions in clause 31(1)  Ascertain which schools are under obligation to provide free seats for land/ Prescribe manner in which per-child expenditure will be reimbursed to other schools  Prescribe mechanism for private schools to obtain certificate of recognition13
  14. 14. Parameters for Costing  Establishing schools in the neighbourhood  Upgrading all EGS / AIE into regular schools  Opening schools in unserved areas  Providing additional classrooms and facilities  One classroom per teacher; office/store, Head Teacher room  Adequate drinking water  Separate toilet facility for girls and boys  Barrier free access.14
  15. 15. Parameters for Costing  Provision of adequate teachers  Primary level  Enrolment upto : 2 teachers  60-90 : 3 teachers  90-120 : 4 teachers  120-150 : 5 teachers  150-200 : 5 teachers + Headmaster  > 200 : PTR not to exceed 40 + Headmaster  Upper Primary level  PTR 35:1, 1 teacher per class (Science & math, Social Studies, Language teacher)  Enrolment > 100 – One Head Teacher; Instructor for Art, Health and Physical Education and Work Education.15
  16. 16. Parameters for Costing  Mainstreaming out-of-school children  Child entitlements: textbooks/workbooks/stationary, uniforms  Teacher Learning Equipment; library grant  Teacher development  Pre-service training of existing untrained teachers  Pre-service training of new teachers to be appointed based on attrition rate  In-service training  Inclusive education:  Management Cost to include NCPCR/SCPCR16