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Dept. of Food Technology and
Lovely Professional University
Programmes for Communicable
1. National Vector Borne Diseases Control Programme
2. Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme
3. National Leprosy Eradication Programme
4. National AIDS Control Programme
5. Universal Immunization Programme
6. National Guinea worm Eradication Programme
7. Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme
Non Communicable Diseases
1. National Cancer Control Program
2. National Mental Health Program
3. National Diabetes Control Program
4. National Program for Control and treatment of Occupational
5. National Program for Control of Blindness
6. National program for control of diabetes, cardiovascular disease
7. National program for prevention and control of deafness
National Nutrition Programs
Integrated Child Development Services Scheme (ICDS)
Mid-day Meal Programme (MDM)
Special Nutrition Programme (SNP)
National Nutritional Anemia Prophylaxis Programme
National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme
National Health Policies
National Health Policy
National Population Policy
National AIDS control and Prevention Policy
National Policy for empowerment of Women
National Youth Policy
National Nutrition Policy
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT
SERVICE (ICDS) SCHEME
• Launched on 2nd October 1975.
• India’s response to the challenge of providing pre-school
education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of
malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality,
on the other.
• The ICDS national development program is one of the largest in
• It reaches more than 34 million children aged 0-6 years and 7
million pregnant and lactating mothers
To improve the nutritional status of preschool children 0-6 years
of age group.
To lay the foundation of proper psychological development of
To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity malnutrition and
school drop out
To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation
in various departments to promote child development
To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal
health and nutritional needs of the child through proper
nutrition and health education.
Children less than 3 years
Children between 3-6 years
Adolescent girls( 11-18 years)
Department of Women & Child Development
Department of Social Welfare
Medical officer (20-25)
Mukhya sevika (20-25
Auxillary Nurse Midwife (4-5
Growth Promotion and Supplementary Feeding.
Early Childhood Care and Pre-school Education.
Nutrition and Health Education.
Child upto 6 years of age: 300 KCal and 8-10 grams
Adolescent girl: 500KCal and 20-25grams of
Pregnant women and lactating mother: 500 KCal
and 20-25 gms of protein
Malnourished child: 600KCal and 16-20 grams of
Immunization of pregnant women and infants protects
children from six vaccine preventable diseases-
poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, tuberculosis
These are major preventable causes of child mortality,
disability, morbidity and related malnutrition.
Immunization of pregnant women against tetanus also
reduces maternal and neonatal mortality
During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or
malnourished children, in need of prompt medical
attention, are referred to the Primary Health Centre or
The anganwadi worker has also been oriented to detect
disabilities in young children.
She enlists all such cases in a special register and refers
them to the medical officer of the Primary Health
Non-formal Pre-School Education (PSE)
Its program for the three-to six years old children in the
anganwadi is directed towards providing and ensuring a natural,
joyful and stimulating environment, with emphasis on necessary
inputs for optimal growth and development.
The early learning component of the ICDS is a significant input
for providing a sound foundation for cumulative lifelong learning
It also contributes to the universalization of primary education,
by providing to the child the necessary preparation for primary
schooling and offering substitute care to younger siblings, thus
freeing the older ones – especially girls – to attend school.
Record of weight and height of children at
Watch over milestones
General check up for detection of disease
Treatment of diseases like diarrhea, ARI
Prophylaxis against vitamin A deficiency and
Referral of serious cases
International partners of ICDS
Government of India partners with the following international
agencies to supplement interventions under the ICDS:
Centrally sponsored programme, launched in 1986.
Implemented by the Ministry of Women & Child Development
Children below 6 years of age and expectant /lactating women from
Implemented through ICDS
Implemented through ICDS
Providing nutritious/ energy food to the beneficiaries
Wheat-based nutrition programme
First introduced in Tamilnadu.
Also known as School lunch programme.
Programme in operation since 1961 under Ministry of Education.
All children of primary and upper primary classes attending:
Govt. aided schools
Local body schools
Education guarantee schemes
Mid-day meal scheme
• Improve the school attendance
• Reduce school drop outs
• Beneficial impact on child’s nutrition
Cost of meal per child per school day
The Applied Nutrition Programme (ANP) was introduced as a pilot scheme in
Orissa in 1963 which later on extended to Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
In 1973 its extended to all states in INDIA
Promoting production of protective food such as vegetables and fruits and
Ensure their consumption by pregnant and nursing mothers and children.
Children between 2-6 years and pregnant and lactating mothers.
Nutrition worth of 25 paise per child per day and 50 paise per woman per day
are provided for 52 days in a year.
Applied nutrition programme
Initiated in 1970 under the Department of Social Welfare
through voluntary organizations.
Funded by the Central Government
Preschool children 3-5years of age.
300 Kcal and 10 gm protein per child for 270 days in a year.
Also provide with pre school education
Balwadi nutrition programme
Initiated in 1970 by Ministry of Social Welfare.
Operation in urban slums, tribal areas and backward rural areas.
Children below 6 years
Pregnant and lactating women
Preschool children : 300kcal and 10-12gm protein
Pregnant & lactating mothers :500kcal and 25 gm protein
Special nutrition programme
Programme was launched during 4th 5-year plan in 1970 by the
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Prevention of nutritional anemia in mothers and children
Children 1-5years of age
Expecting and lactating mothers
Family planning (IUD) acceptors
National Nutritional Anemia
• Expecting and lactating mothers as well as IUD acceptors -60 mg of
elemental iron + 0.5 mg folate everyday for 100 days.
• Children 1-5 years- 20mg of elemental iron + 0.1 mg folate
everyday for 100 days.
National Vitamin A Prophylaxis
The programme was launched in 1970.
Objectives: To decrease the prevalence of Vitamin A deficiency from current 0.6%
to less than 0.5%.
Beneficiaries: Children 9 months- 5 years
• Health and nutrition education
• Prophylactic Vitamin A as per the following dosage schedule:
100000 IU at 9 months with measles immunisation
200000 IU at 16-18 months, with DPT booster
200000 IU every 6 moths, up to the age of 5 years.
Thus a total of 9 mega doses are to be given from 9 months of age up to 5 years.
Launched in 1962, at the end of 2nd 5-year plan by MOHFW,GOI
Focuses on use of Iodised Salt – Replace of common salt with iodised salt,
Use of Iodized oil Injection to those suffering from IDD, Oral administration as
prophylaxis in IDD severe areas
Surveys to assess the magnitude of IDD.
Supply of iodised salt
Lab monitering of iodised salt and UIE
National Iodine deficiency disorder
• Iodise entire edible salt in the
• Ban of non-iodised salt under PFA
People are not potential problems;
they are potential assets.
• If India is to reap the demographic harvest of its young
population, it must ensure that the quality of the population is
good and productive.
• The nutritional status of the population is a measure of the
calibre of the people.
• Therefore, efforts to change the existing nutritional scenario is a
top priority in the years ahead.