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Industrial Engineering and Industry 4.0

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Industrial Engineering and Industry 4.0

  1. 1. Linking ISE Body of Knowledge with Industry 4.0 Akhmad Hidayatno Preparing Industrial and Systems Engineering for the Industry 4.0 1/10/2019
  2. 2. Technology advancement pushes the new revolution of the industry, which is focused in “Connectivity” 2 What is Industry 4.0? “The Fourth Industrial Revolution is characterized by a fusion of technologies that is blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres”. - The World Economic Forum Source: Bitkom/Fraunhofer, DFKI, Roland Berger
  3. 3. What we mean by “Connectivity” is the relationship between the components (data and products) within Industry 4.0 3 The factory is changing into “digitization” Source: BCG, 2015 From isolated, optimized cells … … to fully integrated data & product flows across borders Fully Integrated Cyber-Physical
  4. 4. But how should we making sense of these changes? 4 From Predictions to Awareness to Preparations… the interpretations of impacts are different Consultant Based Interpretations Government Based Interpretations Educators Interpretations
  5. 5. But how should we making sense of these changes? 5 From Predictions to Awareness to Preparations… some interpretations Consultant Based Interpretations Government Based Interpretations Educators Interpretations Where is Industrial Engineering Education Interpretations of Industrial Revolutions 4.0?
  6. 6. Interpretations based on Areas of Technology used in Industry 4.0 6 Nine technologies are transforming industrial revolution (BCG) Source: BCG, 2015 Industry 4.0 is the vision of the industrial process in the future Autonomous robots Simulation Horizontal and vertical system integration The Industrial Internet of Things Cybersecur ity The Cloud Additive manufac- turing Augmented Reality Big data and analytics
  7. 7. Interpretations based on the impact on Manufacturing/Shop Floor 7 Shop Floor Illustrations impacted by Technology Source: Roland Berger, 2015
  8. 8. Interpretations based on Digital Processes required in Industry 4.0 8 The Digital Processes (PwC) Source: PWC, 2015
  9. 9. Interpretations based on Organizations Functions then Technology 9 How functions in organizations are affected by the technology (McKinsey) Source: McKinsey, 2016
  10. 10. The Idea of Organization Functions is based on Decision/Strategy Deployments 10 Data is nothing without actions… Actions require Insights Source: McKinsey, 2016 Data to Impacts Technology support
  11. 11. Government Interpretations is based on Industrial Sectors 11 5 Key Industrial Sectors with IOT, AI, Robotics, 3D Printing and Wearables
  12. 12. Higher Education Institutions Interpretations 12 More focused on the uncertainties created by the new technologies • Strengthening the Learning Foundations to Cope with the Rapid Changes (Liberal Arts, Design Thinking, System Thinking, Life Long Learning) • Changing the Roles of Library in the Connected World • Hybrid Education - Universities with Business • MOOC (Massive Online Open Course) • New Study Program Focuses on Industry 4.0 Components • Block-Chains Technology for Educations
  13. 13. How should ISE Institutions Responds? 13 Start with the Output, then to Process, and the input for that Process Job Market Segment Predictions Both Strengthening Current Knowledge AND Invest in New Knowledge Curriculum Structure or/and Content Adjustments Key Issues • Old Jobs will become more segmented based on our surrounding (FMCG, Automotive, Electronics, Textile and Chemical) • New jobs will emerged, but not yet well defined (data scientist is a very loose job title) • Indonesian Economy Direction is not reliable to create predictions in job shift Key Issues • How to define the relevant core competencies of ISE for Industry 4.0 • How to change the mindset of our own educators Key Issues • Industry 4.0 is still a hot “moving” issue, acquiring new talents (lecturers) is not easy and expensive
  14. 14. What would Industry 4.0 influence on Current ISE BOK 14 Our Curriculum is based on Product Realization Process at Multi-Scale with Multi-Production Factor man material flow methods money info machine energy 5M++ enviro
  15. 15. Our Courses are multi-purpose in serving this “multi-dimension” approach.. From Multi-Production Factors…. 15 From the Production Factor man material flow methods money info machine energy 5M+IEE Perancangan Produk Perancangan Tata Letak Pabrik Perancangan Teknik Industri Gambar Teknik Proses Produksi Pengetahuan Bahan Faktor Manusia dalam Rekayasa dan Desain Metode, Standard dan Pengukuran Kerja Sistem Produksi PPIC Pengantar Mekanika dan Elektronika Pabrik Manajemen Rantai Suplai Manajemen Teknologi Occupational Safety and Health Organisasi & Psikologi Industri Analisa Kelayakan Industri Manajemen Proyek Industri Sistem Pemeliharaan Sistem Kualitas Sistem Informasi Simulasi Industri Analisa Biaya Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Statistik Probabilitas Statistik Industri Ekonomi Teknik Programa Linier Riset Operasional Pemodelan Sistem enviro
  16. 16. … To Systems Scales … 16 Systems Scales Product Organizations Inter-Chain Workplace Factory or Operations Organization Perancangan Produk Perancangan Tata Letak Pabrik Perancangan Teknik Industri Gambar Teknik Proses Produksi Pengetahuan Bahan Faktor Manusia dalam Rekayasa dan Desain Metode, Standard dan Pengukuran Kerja Sistem Produksi PPIC Pengantar Mekanika dan Elektronika Pabrik Manajemen Rantai Suplai Manajemen Teknologi Occupational Safety and Health Organisasi & Psikologi Industri Analisa Kelayakan Industri Manajemen Proyek Industri Sistem Pemeliharaan Sistem Kualitas Sistem Informasi Simulasi Industri Analisa Biaya Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Skripsi Statistik Probabilitas Statistik Industri Ekonomi Teknik Programa Linier Riset Operasional Pengantar Teknik Industri Kerja Praktek Kapita Selekta Kuliah-Kuliah Pilihan Pemodelan Sistem
  17. 17. And … Production Realization Dimensions 17 The Capstone Design Projects is realization of these Perancangan Teknik Industri Organisasi & Psikologi Industri Pemodelan Sistem Analisa Kelayakan Industri Manajemen Proyek Industri Perancangan Produk Manajemen Rantai Suplai Skripsi Manajemen Teknologi Faktor Manusia dalam Rekayasa dan Desain Metode, Standard dan Pengukuran Kerja Gambar Teknik Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Proses Produksi Statistik Probabilitas Sistem Pemeliharaan Statistik Industri Ekonomi Teknik Analisa Biaya Perancangan Tata Letak Pabrik Pengetahuan Bahan Programa Linier Riset Operasional Sistem Produksi PPIC Sistem Kualitas Sistem Informasi Occupational Safety and Health Pengantar Mekanika dan Elektronika Pabrik Pengantar Teknik Industri Simulasi Industri Kerja Praktek Kapita Selekta Kuliah-Kuliah Pilihan man methods money info energy machine methods methods methods material flow man Support Sub-systems K3L enviro
  18. 18. So .. Can we map out our Courses to the Different Interpretation of Industry 4.0? 18 The Capstone Design Projects is realization of these Logistics 4.0 (Vertical Integrations) Internet of Things Cyber Security Could Computing Big Data and Analytics Advanced Analytics Simulation Advanced Manufacturing Systems Cyber Physical System Autonomous Systems (Robots & Material Handling) Human Machine Interfaces Digitation and Automation of knowledge work (AI) Smart Connected Sensors Advanced Materials Mobile and Wearable Devices Augmented Reality Design Thinking Systems Thinking Life Long Learning Liberal Arts FMCG Automotive Textile & Apparel Chemical Electronics Financial Services Logistics Services OPEX Services eGovernment eCommerce
  19. 19. Industry 4.0 influence on Future ISE BOK 19 Can varies between institutions… Liberal Arts Data Engineering Analysis for Insight Interaction Cyber Physical Systems Industry4.0 DesignThinking SystemsThinking LifelongLearning InternetofThings CyberSecurity CloudComputing BigData DataAnalytics AdvacnedAnalytics Simulation Interfaces(Cognitive) AugmentedReality MobileandWeaableDevices DigitationandAI SmartConnectedSensors AutonomousSystems AdditiveManufacutring AdvancedMaterials Logistics4.0(Horizontal Integration) ISE BOK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1. Work Design & Measurement 1 2. Operations Research & Analysis 2 3. Engineering Economic Analysis 3 4. Facilities Engineering & Energy Management 4 5. Quality & Reliability Engineering 5 6. Ergonomics & Human Factors 6 7. Operations Engineering & Management 7 8. Supply Chain Management 8 9. Engineering Management 9 10. Safety 10 11. Information Engineering 11 12. Special Topics 12.1. Product Design & Development 12.1 12.2. System Design & Engineering 12.2
  20. 20. Work Design and Measurement Operation Research and Analysis Engineering Economic Analysis Facilities Engineering and Energy Management Possible Changes in Each Parts of ISE Body of Knowledge 20 Changes can be as part of a Course or new elective courses - Big Data Preparation, Analytics and Advanced Analytics - Data Simulation and Visualization - Stochastics and Uncertainties - Machine Learning - The impact of Digital Technology on Society and Economic Growth - Measuring the economy in the Digital Age - New Technologies in Facilities Engineering - Energy Management for Industrial and System Engineers - Introduction to Financial Technology - Additive Manufacturing - Introduction to Advance Materials Quality and Reliability Engineering Operation Engineering and Management Supply Chain Management - Data Science in Quality and Reliability - Quality and Reliability in Digital Era - Operation Management in Service Systems - Service Systems Engineering - Concepts in Industry 4.0 - Urban Logistics - E-commerce and Logistics - Sustainable Supply Chain Systems - New Technologies in SCM (Logistics 4.0) - Global Supply Chain – Challenges and Opportunities Ergonomics and Human Factors - Cognitive Ergonomics - Ergonomics in Design - Human Computer Simulation - User Interface (UX) Design - Principles of Augmented Reality - Job Design in Digital Age - Man-Machine Interaction Simulation - Work floor Design and Simulation
  21. 21. Safety Product Design and Development Systems Design and Engineering Possible Changes in Each Parts of ISE Body of Knowledge 21 Changes can be as part of a Course or new elective courses - Safety Engineering - Standards and Regulations in OSH (Occupational Safety and Health) - Design Thinking - Designing for the Digital Age - Experience Design in Digital Age - Principles of Design in Mobile and Wearable Devices - Rapid Prototyping - Introduction to Systems Engineering - User Requirement for Systems Design - Systems Design and Engineering - Specific Systems Design and Engineering (Business Systems, Health Systems, Ports Systems) Engineering Management - Managing Industry 4.0 - Technologies in Project Management - Performance Management in Digital Age - Managing Decisions, Uncertainties and Risks Information Engineering - Introduction to Data Engineering - Information Technologies for the Digital Age
  22. 22. We must adopt “-AND-” strategy…not “-or-” 22 How functions in organizations are affected by the technology We bombarded in the world of “OR”, but the solutions are in the “AND”. Innovations is based on Connecting Combinations of Things .. The world of AND A truly visionary company embraces both ends of a continuum: continuity and change, conservatism and progressivenes s, stability and revolution, predictability and chaos, heritage and renewal, fundamentals and craziness. And, and, and Jim Collins in Built To Last highlights this as: The Tyranny of the “OR” vs the Genius of the “AND” Clock build your organization so that it preserves a passionately held core ideology simultaneously stimulates progress in everything but that ideology and ISE Education Community would need to examine its number of core courses offering to give more rooms for new elective courses that could be changed in response to the real world

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