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Rupali Gupte & Prasad Shetty:Propositions to see Cities

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Rupali Gupte & Prasad Shetty:Propositions to see Cities

  1. 1. Propositions to see Cities Notes from Mumbai Rupali Gupte & Prasad Shetty
  2. 2. Ideas of cities have been dominated by two imaginations:, one of a technological utopia supported by super infrastructure and a robust information system
  3. 3. or the opposite, a city engendered by catastrophes of environment, poverty, and deterioration. Inherent in both these imaginations of coherence and catastrophes, is the idea of time as a singular linear rhythm, of space as an entity with fixed coordinates and of people as homogenous and inert mass.
  4. 4. Both these imaginations have led to the city being imagined as a project – A Mission Impossible to be undertaken. Government and Civil society alike have taken it upon themselves to fix the problems of the city. The city is now a mission.
  5. 5. Transactional Capacities
  6. 6. This is the development plan of Mumbai. What appears as one line in plan, in real life thickens out to show a complex occupancy.
  7. 7. Grant Road, Mumbai shows a thickened occupancy.
  8. 8. Grant Road, Mumbai showing four levels of occupancy in the place of a single thin line in the city plan.
  9. 9. Haribaug, Parel chawl housing with one room tenements and common areas for occupation
  10. 10. Poonawala chawl, Parel housing with one room porous tenements and common areas for occupation
  11. 11. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel
  12. 12. Poonawala, Parel chawl housing, bridges that connect two buildings act like public living rooms
  13. 13. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel, the porous house
  14. 14. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel, the porous house
  15. 15. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel, the porous house
  16. 16. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel, the porous house
  17. 17. Poonawala chawl housing, Parel, the porous house
  18. 18. Kumbharwada Dharavi, Mumbai, a potters colony where work, living and selling takes place together.
  19. 19. Beherampada,Mumbai, a multi level self built housing, where work, manufacturing, living and selling and leisure takes place together.
  20. 20. Community Space, Praying Hall Owners House Workers Dorm Embroidery Units Library Grocery shop Utensils renting enterprise Embroidery Units Beherampada, Mumbai
  21. 21. In contrast are the resettlement colonies in Mankhurd, Mumbai, where only living can take place with no transactional capacities
  22. 22. TRANSACTIONAL CAPACITIES vis-à-vis THE DEGREE OF BLUR (and corresponding TYPE / FORM) Skyscraping Apartments Apartment BlocksOld Labor HousingDilapidated Bazaar HousingIncremental Settlements Transactional Capacities Densities, number of activities, networks, transactions, care, livelihoods, cultural settling, security, accommodation of diversity, etc. Resources Social & physical infrastructure, space, energy consumption, pressure on infrastructure, etc. Degree of Blur
  23. 23. Mohammed Ali Road Neighbourhood, Mumbai, where transactional capacities give the city its energies.
  24. 24. Transactional Objects
  25. 25. Charkop, Mumbai, A Transactional Object – A vendor uses the fence of a private building to store her wares.
  26. 26. Poonawala chawl, Transactional Object – a Duchampian door that serves the dual purpose of shutting the living room space and the kitchen storage at different times of the day.
  27. 27. Null Bazaar, Fort & Girgaum , Mumbai, Transactional Spaces: The pne foot shop, the shop inside a shop, the shop under a stair
  28. 28. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A one foot shop that occupies a foot of space inside the adjacent building and one foot outside.
  29. 29. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A one foot cupboard shop
  30. 30. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A one foot betel leaves shop
  31. 31. Transactional Objects at the 56th Venice Art Biennale: One foot shop
  32. 32. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A day and night one foot shop
  33. 33. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A shop that touches the city at one point
  34. 34. Bhindi Bazaar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A box shop
  35. 35. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – Box shops that advertise services of plumbing and carpentry.
  36. 36. Tool Box
  37. 37. Astrologer’s Chair
  38. 38. Staircase Shop
  39. 39. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A basket used to transport goods
  40. 40. Bhuleshwar, Mumbai : A Transactional Object – A basket used to transport goods and sleep in
  41. 41. Basket Bed
  42. 42. Settling
  43. 43. Grant Road, Mumbai : Idea of a blurred Urban Form and Slow Settling where negotiations between different occupancies make the city.
  44. 44. Bandra East Skywalk, Mumbai, after a large infrastructure project is built
  45. 45. Bandra East Skywalk, Mumbai, the city slowly settles underneath
  46. 46. Bandra East Skywalk, Mumbai, a picnic on the skywalk
  47. 47. Parel, flyover, a playground underneath
  48. 48. A toilet built as part of a Slum Sanitation programe
  49. 49. slowly settles, with the caretaker using the space for community functions
  50. 50. Incrementally upgrading the space himself
  51. 51. Incrementally upgrading the space himself
  52. 52. Incrementally upgrading the space himself; an aircurtain that acts as a fan
  53. 53. Slowly consolidating itelf.
  54. 54. A landscape appears outside
  55. 55. A meeting of small contractors that convene on matters of upgrading.
  56. 56. A new slum house newly built by one of the contractors who has solved the ventilation problem.
  57. 57. In another instance, instead of a large toilet block, built by Non Governmental organisations
  58. 58. Lower level government officials helped upgrade self built settlements
  59. 59. with toilets inside the house, turning it into a liveable neighbourgood .
  60. 60. Trips and Kicks
  61. 61. Our next contention is that cities are made with people who have trips and kicks. This is the instance of a man who lives in a very small tenement but whose trip in life is to find people who have left their vilages and have got lost in cities.
  62. 62. He is not bothered of his loss of job or his small apartment. He has another absurd goal in life, which he lives for
  63. 63. The toilet caretaker has another trip, to upgrade the toilet and make it into a community centre.
  64. 64. And trips of lower level government staff who against interests of upper officials and Non Governmental organisations.
  65. 65. Other trips in the city include collecting of outdated computer parts which are sought after by others whose trip is to repair.
  66. 66. Trips to repair, workshops under staircases in Lamington Road, an area that specialises in computer peripherals mostly from China.
  67. 67. Trips where three friends take care of each others shops
  68. 68. Trips where the landlord rents out his wall for a one foot shop and hangs out outside it.
  69. 69. Trips where a shop keeper of LED lights, influenced by a Bollywood film gets his tailor father to stitch him a suit made of lights.
  70. 70. Trips where a shop keeper of LED lights, influenced by a Bollywood film gets his tailor father to stitch him a suit made of lights.
  71. 71. And walks around the city with his lit clothes.
  72. 72. Trips: the story of Pradeep who has lost his jobs in the repair market for sound recorders
  73. 73. Because computer parts are now becoming more microscopic. But he still says he enjoys his job.
  74. 74. He has subdivided his shop now and rents it to his friend to store his goods
  75. 75. He collects Gods of all faiths
  76. 76. Shows how he has been told by a finance expert how he is a fool to keep his shop as he is losing money but still keeps it because he enjoys the work.
  77. 77. Trips where in his spare time he designs for himself the most ergonomical chair.
  78. 78. And redesigns a watch which he can read more clearly.
  79. 79. And designs pens out of left over acrylc
  80. 80. And designs pens out of left over brass pipes
  81. 81. And makes several iterations of it.
  82. 82. Being Nicely Messy ‘On Futures’
  83. 83. TWO DOMINANT IMAGINATIONS OF FUTURE THE APOCALYPSE THE HIGH-TECH Images: http://good-wallpapers.com/misc/14759 ; http://lava360.com/30-breathtaking-future-city-concept-art/
  84. 84. IDEAS AROUND URBANSATION UBBANIZATION AS A PREDATORY PROCESS URBANISATION WILL PRODUCE CRISES Images: http://cybergeo.revues.org/24798, http://blog.shiftboston.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/the_urban_crisis.jpg
  85. 85. ELSE WHERE IN THE WORLD
  86. 86. Colonial Business District Inner City Area with old dilapidated built fabric Eastern waterfront (port & industry) Dense Incremental Settlement near a railway station Western waterfront (elite residential areas) Suburban areas with incremental settlements New Business Process Outsourcing Areas City edge Suburban neighbor- hoods (middle class areas) New Business Process Outsourcing Areas City edge Suburban areas with incremental settlements Suburban neighbor- hoods (middle class areas) Western waterfront (elite residential areas) Dense Incremental Settlement near a railway station Eastern waterfront (port & industry) Inner City Area with old dilapidated built fabric Colonial Business District From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in LOOKING CLOSELY AT THE MECHANICS OF FUTURE URBANISATION The Case of Mumbai
  87. 87. Colonial Business District Inner City Area with old dilapidated built fabric Eastern waterfront (port & industry) Dense Incremental Settlement near a railway station Western waterfront (elite residential areas) Suburban neighbor- hoods (middle class areas) Suburban areas with incremental settlements New Business Process Outsourcing Areas City edge Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in culture industry Growth of informal enterprise Dilapidation of buildings Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades every condition in the city has a possibility of a different future … of many futures depending on who is imagining it and how it is imagined From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  88. 88. Colonial Business District Inner City Area with old dilapidated built fabric Eastern waterfront (port & industry) Dense Incremental Settlement near a railway station Western waterfront (elite residential areas) Suburban neighbor- hoods (middle class areas) Suburban areas with incremental settlements New Business Process Outsourcing Areas City edge Growth in culture industry Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades Growth of informal enterprise Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in environment & heritage Tourism Large scale assembly of land & urban renewal Piecemeal changes in property Growth of intensity in the settlement Growth of new enterprises on the skywalk Dismantling and reconstruction of infrastructure Cleaning up of waterfront to make public space Growth of the aggressive civil society New life under the metro line High property speculation and redevelopment of old neighborhoods Displacement of existing occupants Clarification of edges along the new corridor High land speculation and growth in gated communities New rehabilitation colonies Decline in the business process outsourcing industry Increase in old-aged people Growth of hard edges between neighbor- hoods Growth of the new enterprises Consolidation of service industry Growth in formal commerce and retail Growth in systems to regulate city entry Environmental Crises & growth in aggressive civil society Increase in families of old-aged people Environmental crises and Removal of ship repair yard Dilapidation of buildings From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  89. 89. Consolidation of service industry Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades High property speculation and redevelopment of old neighborhoods High land speculation and growth in gated communities Growth in culture industry Growth of informal enterprise Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in environment & heritage Tourism Large scale assembly of land & urban renewal Piecemeal changes in property Growth of intensity in the settlement Growth of new enterprises on the skywalk Cleaning up of waterfront to make public space Growth of the aggressive civil society New life under the metro line Displacement of existing occupants Clarification of edges along the new corridor New rehabilitation colonies Decline in the business process outsourcing industry Increase in old-aged people Growth of hard edges between neighbor- hoods Growth of the new enterprises Growth in formal commerce and retail Growth in systems to regulate city entry Environmental Crises & growth in aggressive civil society Increase in families of only old- aged people Environmental crises and Removal of ship repair yard Dilapidation of buildings Dismantling and reconstruction of infrastructure 1. trajectory of high polarization – social and physical edges between communities will harden reducing the blur and hence the transactional capacity of the urban form. From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  90. 90. Transformation of old housing stock Transformation of slums Transformation of old co-op housing Transforming City – Mumbai – The new built form seems to have lesser transactional capacity
  91. 91. Planning with its obsession towards clarity conceives the blur as a problem and clarity is sought
  92. 92. Planning with its obsession towards clarity conceives the blur as a problem and clarity is sought
  93. 93. This clarity produces a highly polarised city threatening the logic of the city.
  94. 94. Consolidation of service industry Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades High property speculation and redevelopment of old neighborhoods High land speculation and growth in gated communities Growth in culture industry Growth of informal enterprise Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in environment & heritage Tourism Large scale assembly of land & urban renewal Piecemeal changes in property Growth of intensity in the settlement Growth of new enterprises on the skywalk Cleaning up of waterfront to make public space Growth of the aggressive civil society New life under the metro line Displacement of existing occupants Clarification of edges along the new corridor New rehabilitation colonies Decline in the business process outsourcing industry Increase in old-aged people Growth of hard edges between neighbor- hoods Growth of the new enterprises Growth in formal commerce and retail Growth in systems to regulate city entry Environmental Crises & growth in aggressive civil society Increase in families of only old- aged people Environmental crises and Removal of ship repair yard Dilapidation of buildings Dismantling and reconstruction of infrastructure 2. trajectory of economic restructuring – older economic generators of commerce, finance & business process outsourcing will decline and new enterprises related to culture, environment and old age will emerge From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  95. 95. Agrarian Mercantile/ Administration Industrial / Administration Finance, Commerce, Retail / Administration Culture, Environment, Health, Old Age / Administration ECONOMY URBAN FORM MAIN ECONOMIC ACTORS Skyscraper apartments, Malls, Commercial Blocks, redevelopment of incremental settlements Urban renewals, resettlement colonies, conservation, gated communities Pastoral Landscapes with incremental settlements of farmers & fisher folk Trade Nodes, Dense Inner Cities with markets, guesthouses, religious spaces Smoke Stack Landscapes, industries, worker housing, incremental settlements Farmers, feudal lords Merchants, colonial government Workers, industrialists, government Corporate, Entrepreneurs & Agents Culture Workers, Environmentalists, Senior Citizens, Health Workers Pre 1650s 1650s to 1850s 1850s t0 1980s 1990s to 2020s 2020 onwards 1. New technological developments will reduce the need for proximity in conducting business 2. New national / international locations will displace businesses from Mumbai 3. The competitive advantage of the city are its cultural & environmental assets, film industry, health sector, etc. REASONS FOR SHIFT changing Mumbai 1.Technological Developments 2.Demand for textile (National & International) 3.Infrastructure Support 1.Establishment of Port 2.Establishment of Govt. HQ 3.Encouragement to Trade 1.Reconfiguration of production and growth of entrepreneurs 2.Liberalization 3.Discouragement of Manufacturing Units From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  96. 96. Consolidation of service industry Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades High property speculation and redevelopment of old neighborhoods High land speculation and growth in gated communities Growth in culture industry Growth of informal enterprise Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in environment & heritage Tourism Large scale assembly of land & urban renewal Piecemeal changes in property Growth of intensity in the settlement Growth of new enterprises on the skywalk Cleaning up of waterfront to make public space Growth of the aggressive civil society New life under the metro line Displacement of existing occupants Clarification of edges along the new corridor New rehabilitation colonies Decline in the business process outsourcing industry Increase in old-aged people Growth of hard edges between neighbor- hoods Growth of the new enterprises Growth in formal commerce and retail Growth in systems to regulate city entry Environmental Crises & growth in aggressive civil society Increase in families of only old- aged people Environmental crises and Removal of ship repair yard Dilapidation of buildings Dismantling and reconstruction of infrastructure 3. trajectory of intensification of environmental concerns From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  97. 97. From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  98. 98. Consolidation of service industry Conservation, Eviction and cleaning of arcades High property speculation and redevelopment of old neighborhoods High land speculation and growth in gated communities Growth in culture industry Growth of informal enterprise Further dilapidation of old building stock Small piecemeal re- developments of individual properties Large scale urban renewal Growth in environment & heritage Tourism Large scale assembly of land & urban renewal Piecemeal changes in property Growth of intensity in the settlement Growth of new enterprises on the skywalk Cleaning up of waterfront to make public space Growth of the aggressive civil society New life under the metro line Displacement of existing occupants Clarification of edges along the new corridor New rehabilitation colonies Decline in the business process outsourcing industry Increase in old-aged people Growth of hard edges between neighbor- hoods Growth of the new enterprises Growth in formal commerce and retail Growth in systems to regulate city entry Environmental Crises & growth in aggressive civil society Increase in families of only old- aged people Environmental crises and Removal of ship repair yard Dilapidation of buildings Dismantling and reconstruction of infrastructure 4. trajectory of higher average age of people – city of the old From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  99. 99. Agrarian Mercantile/ Administration Industrial / Administration Finance, Commerce, Retail / Administration Culture, Environment, Health, Old Age / Administration ECONOMY Pre 1650s 1650s to 1850s 1850s t0 1980s 1990s to 2020s 2020 onwards changing Mumbai No migration, lesser reproduction Migration of Traders and Trade workers Migration of Industrial workers No migration, growth only by reproduction PercentageGrowthinPopulation From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  100. 100. Transactional capacity Polarization of communities, Hardening of Boundaries Commerce, Finance & BPO Culture & environment industry Environmental Concerns, Sea Level, Temperature, Flash Flood Occurrences Population Average Age URBAN SPACE &FORM ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT DEMOGRAPHY the trajectories for mumbai’s future From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  101. 101. Catalogue for designing boundary walls between neighborhoods Catalogue for rethinking Waterfront Edges Catalogue for retrofitting bridges and skywalks Catalogue for enterprise paraphernalia Catalogue for new clocks and calendars Catalogue for losses and opportunities Catalogue of new programs Catalogu e of senior infrastruct ure & systems Catalogue of new enterprises Catalogue for retrofitting old settlementsCatalogue for promoting heritage and environment tourismCatalogue for greening vertical neighborh oods Manual for redevelopment of old buildings TOOLS tools to blur the social and physical edges to allow transactions tools to help create and harness new opportunities tools to engage with the environmental crises tools to help the old to live in dignity From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  102. 102. catalogue for retrofitting old settlements: in a context of large scale urban redevelopment and renewal the existing occupants of inner cities, slums and old buildings are threatened and often displaced. this catalogue discusses many ways in which such older settlements could be retrofitted. senior city: this is a catalogue for developing senior infrastructure and systems. in 2030, mumbai will have many more old people. this catalogue is a compilation of new possible institutions, programmes, enterprises, infrastructure and systems that respond to the city of the old. From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  103. 103. catalogue of new enterprises: the changes in the economy, environment, demography and intensified polarities will create a context for new entrepreneurships. this catalogue is a compilation of such enterprises. catalogue for greening vertical neighborhoods: in 2030, environment will be central to discussion on urban crises generating a context for greening vertical blocks. this manual is designed to convert high resource consuming apartments into green blocks. From ‘BEING NICELY MESSY’ crit.in
  104. 104. In collaboration with CAMP & Khanabadosh
  105. 105. Displacement Locations since 2000 Source: Parin Vasaria, Studies of Resettlement Colonies in Mumbai, 2016 Around 50,000 households from different parts of Mumbai have been shifted to 38 new Resettlement and Rehabilitation (R&R) Colonies since 2004 on account of large urban projects – new roads, road widening projects, clearing of river edges, airport redevelopment project and railway project .
  106. 106. 2009
  107. 107. 2015
  108. 108. SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENT & ARCHITECTURE
  109. 109. June July August September October November December January February March April May 1 2 3 4 65 1 2 3 4 65 The Module System Exams & Vacations Exams & Vacations
  110. 110. Engagement with cultures
  111. 111. Ground 1827 1900 2000Engaging with the Geography – Terrain, Energy, Water & Air
  112. 112. Type
  113. 113. Type
  114. 114. Slow Wanderings – Cultural Histories
  115. 115. Making
  116. 116. Making
  117. 117. Making
  118. 118. Exploring
  119. 119. Solving Poetically
  120. 120. SEA Studio Research initiations HISTORY OF URBAN HOUSING (2 years) Through a compilation of different types of housing, this project aims at building a narrative on different dimensions of urban housing in India including a spatial history, a technological history, a policy history, a history of the delivery system and a cultural history. The project is conceived in two parts: a. History of Housing in Mumbai b. History of Urban Housing in India ARCHITECTURE AND THE CITY (2 years) While the primary aim of this project is to develop conceptual frameworks to understand urban architecture in India, it aims at compiling a systematic analysis of urban form. REPAIR / RETROFITTING / IMPROVEMENT (3 years) This project is conceived with twin agenda: a. first, to compile existing practices of repair / retrofitting / improvement; and b. Second, to develop techniques on actual undertaking of repair / retrofitting / improvement. The aim of the project is to fill the current gap that exists in architecture and engineering academia regarding the issue.
  121. 121. SEA-Assembly (Internal discussions on everyday events in the world – every Friday)
  122. 122. SEA-City (Public platform for conversations with young practitioners)
  123. 123. SEA-Exhibitions (featuring new practitioners)
  124. 124. THANK YOU

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