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CONTENTS Introduction Education Infrastructure Macro Economic Indicators Saving -> Investment Indian Middle Class IT & Outsourcing Defence Conclusion
DEFINITION OF A - SUPERPOWER A country that has the capacity to project dominating power and influence anywhere in the world, generally characterized by strong growth rate, defense power and foreign influence and so may plausibly attain the status of global hegemon. Some Examples :
EDUCATION Third largest education system in the World (after China and USA). 17973 institutions (348 universities and 17625 colleges). Small elite sector of IITs, IIMs and IIPMs. 20 central universities, the rest state universities. Average enrolment: 530 students (compared to 4300 in USA). Most private and foreign universities and colleges focus on business
LITERACY RATE OF INDIA YEAR %age of literacy in India 1980 39 1990 52 2000 65 2010 76 Source : Census of India, Govt. of India
INFRASTRUCTURE $ 9 billion programme to upgrade 25 airports. Delhi and Mumbai International airports – two PPP projects with estimated investment of $3.8 billion. $54 billion earmarked for construction of roads and highways.
100% foreign direct investment allowed in this sector. Improvement in public infrastructure including schools, hospitals, offices .etc.
MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS“The four years to 2007-08 have been the best years so far but, may I say withhumility, that the best is yet to come.” - Former Finance Minister, P.Chidambaram
ECONOMIC GROWTH INDICATORS GDP exceeding 8 per cent in every year since 2003-04. Grew at 9.4% in 2006-07 (Second highest ever). Revised economic growth of 8.7 per cent for 2007- 08. The Growth Rate of per capita income in 2007-08 is projected to be 7.2 per cent, the same as the average of the five years to the current year.
Since 2002-03 there has been a sharp acceleration in the growth of Per Capita Income, almost doubling to an average of 7.2 per cent per annum (2003-04 to 2007- 08). Average income would now double in a decade, well within one generation, instead of after a generation (two decades).
India currently has the 12th largest GDP in the world…… Source : CIA World
SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT Gross Domestic Saving grew by 13.1 per cent of GDP and Investment by 11.3 per cent of GDP over five years till 2006-07. The savings-investment gap which remained positive during 2001-04 became negative thereafter. Excess of domestic saving over domestic investment suggests a deflationary situation in which demand has not kept pace with increased capacity. Reversal of the saving- investment balance should be viewed as a correction occurring through above normal increase in demand during 2005-06 and 2006-07.
THE INDIAN MIDDLE CLASS According to a McKinsey study (MGI) (The Rising Classes January 2008), 431 million fewer Indians live in extreme poverty today than 1985 level. In 2005, private spending reached about 17 trillion rupees, (like Japan and the US and greater than China and other fast- growing emerging markets in Asia.) The median family income in India is approximately Rs.4500 a month. By its conventional definition, the middle class includes families whose incomes lie between 75% and 125% of the median. By 2007, Middle class : 50 million people (5 percent of the population). By 2025, middle class : 583 million (41 percent of the population)
OUTSOURCING BPO, KPO and other service sectors comprise of this. Grossed an annual revenue of US$ 12.2b in 2001-02 . Software Exports – US$ 9.5 b. With over 410,000 employees, India is the 2nd largest employer in IT software and services industry. Huge pool of English speaking and computer literate manpower. 70,000 private training institutes for computer education – 1 million trained every year. We also to some extent outsource our pharmaceutical knowledge to other countries.
DEFENCE The Indian Army has a total troop strength of around 2.5 million (1.3 million active and 1.2 million reserve) . It is the second largest standing army in the world. Indian Navy currently operates more than 155 vessels, including the INS Viraat, the only aircraft carrier in Asia operating jet fighters. The Indian Air Force has a strength of approximately 170,000 personnel and 1,242 combat aircraft. It is the fourth largest air force in
DEFENCE BUDGET 2008-09 India’s Defence Budget, 2004-05 to 2008-09Source: Union Budget,2004-05 to 2008-09
THE GOLDEN BIRD WILL FLY AGAIN…….. Sustained growth and resilience in the face of shocks, such as high energy and commodity prices and a slow down in world growth and import demand, have characterized the Indian economy in the recent years. In terms of growth, the fiscal period 2003-08 has been, perhaps, the best ever five year growth performance in the history of independent India.