7. • Impressionism is an art style that lasted roughly two decades in the latter half of the
19th century, but Expressionism might accurately be described as the opposite of
Impressionism in a sense. The two art movements developed in Europe, but have
stark differences in the tonality and methods in which they were created.
• Cubism is an art movement that uses of;
• dimension and viewpoint
• Geometric shapes
• Cubism was a revolutionary new approach to
representing reality invented in around 1907–08 by
artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. They
brought different views of subjects (usually objects or
figures) together in the same picture, resulting in
paintings that appear fragmented and abstracted
• It is an example of avant-garde art
• “vanguard” means ahead of its time
• Dadaism was born from the negative affect of war.
• Dadaist considered themselves as anti-art.
12. ‘SPIRIT OF OUR TIME’
BY: RAOUL HAUSMANN’S
• The ‘Spirit of Our Time’ is a sculptural
metaphor for the inability of the
establishment to inspire the changes
necessary to rebuild a better Germany. It is a
satirical illustration of Raoul Hausmann’s
statement that the average supporter of what
he considered to be a corrupt society “has no
more capabilities than those which chance
has glued to the outside of his skull; his brain
• - it is something strange, bizarre, and out of this world.
• Surrealist artwork can be an object or an idea, and it
represents the artist idea of what that is, base on his
• A surrealist painting can be look like a dream, or an
object can be appropriated to look like something
20. POP ART
• Is a brash, fun and young art movement of the 1960s
that includes different styles of painting and sculpture
but all had a common interest in mass-media, mass-
media production and mass-culture. It was an
American movement but it started in Britain.
22. OP ART
• a form of abstract art that gives the illusion of
movement by the precise use of pattern and color, or in
which conflicting patterns emerge and overlap. Bridget
Riley and Victor Vasarely are its most famous
Cubism is a style of painting that originated with Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso between 1907 and 1914. The Cubist style sought to show the two-dimensional nature of the canvas. Cubist artists fractured their objects into geometric forms and used multiple and contrasting perspectives in a single painting. It was called Cubism when Louis Vauxcelles, a French art critic, called the forms in Braque’s work “cubes.” Creating your own Cubist style painting can be a fun way to connect with art history and look at painting with a fresh perspective
This blockhead of a hat maker’s dummy can only experience that which can be measured by the range of mechanical equipment attached to the outside of his head - a ruler and tape rule, the movement of a pocket watch, a jewellery box containing a typewriter wheel, some brass knobs from a camera, a leaky telescopic beaker of the kind that was issued to German soldiers during the World War 1, and an old purse nailed to the back of his head. With his eyes deliberately left blank, the ‘Spirit of Our Time’ is a blind automaton whose blinkered attitude excludes any possibility of creative thought.
Dada's weapons of choice in their war with the establishment were confrontation and provocation. They attacked traditional artistic values with irrational attitudes and provoked conservative complacency with outrageous statements and actions. They also launched a full scale assault on the art world which they saw as part of the system. It was considered equally culpable and consequently had to be toppled. Dada questioned the value of all art and whether its existence was simply an indulgence of the bourgeoisie.
The great paradox of Dada is that they claimed to be anti-art, yet here we are discussing their artworks. Even their most negative attacks on the establishment resulted in positive artworks that opened a door to future developments in 20th century art. The effect of Dada was to create a climate in which art was alive to the moment and not paralysed by the traditions and restrictions of established values.
The Dada Title Fight
Art movements are usually named by critics but Dada was the only movement to be named by the artists themselves. However, the authorship of the name has long been contested and there is no hard evidence to support any individual claim. When Hans Richter joined the group in 1917, he assumed that 'Da-Da' was taken from the Romanian language of Tzara and Janco and meant 'Yes-Yes' - an enthusiastic and positive affirmation of life. Another and more often accepted version was that Richard Huelsenbeck and Hugo Ball discovered the word while looking in a French/German dictionary. In French, 'Dada' means 'hobbyhorse' and they chose it for its childishness and naïvety. Ball stated, 'What we call Dada is foolery, foolery extracted from the emptiness in which all higher problems are wrapped..........'