Más contenido relacionado

Similar a Information technology(20)


Information technology

  2. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Information technology (IT) It is the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data,[1] often in the context of a business or other enterprise.[2] The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several industries are associated with information technology, including computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors,internet, tele com equipment, e-commerce and computer services.
  3. CHANGES 1. Technological changes 2. Economical Changes 3. Political Changes 4. Social changes 5. Academic perspective 6. Commercial and employment perspective.
  4. Changing Societies • Impacts of the acceleration and magnitude of global technological changes on the economy, society and government – Are we moving towards an open knowledge society? • Global technological changes continue to impact national and international economies.The emerging technologies reshape public institutions • social media be an enabling tool for enhanced engagement within the policy development process • What will be the opportunities (e.g. broader in-take of ideas, enhanced buy-in towards polices, improved service design and delivery) and challenges (e.g. access barriers (linguistic, cultural or health-related), possible emergence of the “e-marginalized”) within an open governance society?
  5. Economic Changes • The convergence of industries and technology – What will this mean for society and the economy? • What does the convergence of industries and technology mean for creative and other industries • Can economic contributors be encouraged if products and services are available for free. Where will people obtain their income. • the Information Technology Association of America has defined information technology as "the study, design, development, application, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems".[39] The responsibilities of those working in the field include network administration, software development and installation, and the planning and management of an organization's technology life cycle, by which hardware and software are maintained, upgraded and replaced ators; tracking trends; accessing data as rapid changes are occurring; understanding shifting value chain networks; monitoring consumption patterns, especially of younger generations and impacts vis-à-vis demographic shifts; and strategies for remuneration?
  6. Changing technologies • The convergence of life sciences, neurosciences and technology – What does this mean for society and our institutions? • What will be the legal, moral, social and political questions that arise as the study of living things, including human beings, increases in complexity? • What impacts will advances in bio-, nano-and cognitive technologies have on human society in social, economic, environment and health domains? • How will we delineate the role of life science technologies in society? • What are/will be the new and emerging national and international paradigms in bio-product development and commercialization toward improved health and environmental solutions.
  7. Academic perspective In an academic context, the Association for Computing Machinery defines IT as "undergraduate degree programs that prepare students to meet the computer technology needs of business, government, healthcare, schools, and other kinds of organizations .... IT specialists assume responsibility for selecting hardware and software products appropriate for an organization, integrating those products with organizational needs and infrastructure, and installing, customizing, and maintaining those applications for the organization’s computer users."
  8. Commercial and employment perspective .
  9. CHALLENGES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 1. Globalization 2. Excess Workload 3. Talent challenge 4. Change 5. Cultural Differences 6. Outsourcing and Off Shoring
  10. Globalization Virtually every company today must compete globally. Markets are opening up all around the globe. We like to see the benefits of a global economy as it provides a wider customer base and the potential for greater profits, but we must also deal with the reality of increased competition as well. We can’t have one without accepting the other.
  11. Excess Workload Customers are becoming more demanding, especially as we see a growth in competition. Moreover, these increased expectations are coupled with the reality of lower IT budgets. Providing more service for less money will be a reality we’ll all have to deal with.
  12. Talent challenge I see this as both a challenge and an opportunity. (Actually, all challenges are only opportunities in disguise, aren’t they?) Demand for science and IT professionals is growing at a 5% annual rate, while those deciding to earn Computer Science related degrees is in a downward trend. Fewer women are choosing IT related positions. There are more specialists and fewer generalists, while the generalists will be more in demand. We’ll be experiencing a greater multi-generational workforce, seeing a greater degree of both younger and older workers in the same fields. All of these things will challenge both recruitment and retention, not to mention the huge numbers of baby-boomers who will be leaving the workforce in large numbers.
  13. Outsourcing and Off Shoring • This seems to be our industry’s four-letter word – outsourcing. However, not only is it inevitable, but it’s actually becoming necessary. It’s a corporate fact of life in our growing global economy. Again, using it to our advantage will be the challenge. And while we usually hear only about the outsourcing of jobs from the United States, we rarely hear about the outsourcing of global jobs into the United States. The European company, Airbus, for example, is planning to “outsource” upwards of 10,000 jobs to the United States over the next few years. Outsourcing will definitely become a wider two-way street in the years to come. In fact, it’s likely to become a freeway.
  14. Cultural Differences • These might be wider than first imagined when you hear the words “cultural differences”. Of course, there are the differences in nationalities to which we’ve all become accustomed. But there will be greater regional differences as well – east coast versus west coast, for example – when a mobile workforce relocates so it can follow the opportunities. Religious differences and age differences will also play a greater roll. Making the most of them, however, and using them to our advantage will be the challenge.
  15. Change as a challenge It’s been said that the only constant is change. We’ll be faced with the challenge of finding that perfect balance between keeping up with change and not changing for its own sake. Change is inevitable; and change is good; but the change must be consistent with corporate objectives. Making change work for you will be the challenge.
  16. REFERENCE Does it matter Book By Nicholas G. Caar
  17. Thanks to reference…………………. Rajesh kollamcode Asst. Professor ,Department of Journalism and Science Communication.MKU Supriya Rani IT entrepreuner,Social worker, Calicut Sangitha Sethumadhavan Executive, Poorna Info Solutions,Kochi,Kerala Navdeep Kumar Student, MCA at MKU All my techie friends and buddies………………………
  18. Let’s discuss………………….. Inviting ?
  19. Thanks again,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,