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Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
May, 2015
meir@jiis.org.il
Jerusalem
Key Figures & Challenges
Meir Kra...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
Jerusalem Institute
for Israel Studies
Our Contribution
• Assessment -...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
3
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Social
Urban
Geo-politicalWorld C...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
4
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Social - Demographic
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
5
Society and Demography
Key Population Figures
• Total: 830,000
(10% ...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
6
Where
Do the Communities Live?
• Arab population – mainly
East Jerus...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
7
Heterogeneous Cities
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
8
Society and Demography
Population Projection
196720132020
Jews74%63%...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
9
Society and Demography
Diversity in Age Structure
Median Age
• Arabs...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
10
Society and Demography
Diversity in Religiousness
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
11
Society and Demography
Migration
Metropolitan
centers:
• Jerusalem ...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
12
Society and Demography
Students in the Jerusalem Education System 2...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
13
Society and Demography
Trends in Education
• Growing UO and
Arab sy...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
14
Society and Demography
Higher Education
Higher Education Students i...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
15
JIIS’ Contribution
Projects:
• Population projection for 2040
• Mig...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
16
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Social - Demographic
• Three sep...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
17
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Urban
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
18
Planning & Housing
Land Reserves for
Construction
• Almost ending
•...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
19
Planning & Housing
Apartment Size
• Shift towards large, unaffordab...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
20
Planning & Housing
Housing Prices
• Number of Monthly Salaries is R...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
21
Planning & Housing
Affordable Housing? – Average Salary vs. Housing...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
22
Planning & Housing
Dwelling Construction in Jerusalem
• Changing tr...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
23
JIIS’ Contribution
Projects:
• Downtown Jerusalem development plan ...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
24
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Urban
• Regeneration of the inne...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
25
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Economic
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
26
Economy
Participation in Labor Force by Population Group
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
27
Economy
Structure of the Workforce (2013)
JerusalemTel AvivHaifa
41...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
28
Economy
Monthly Wage
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
29
Economy
Poverty Rate
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
30
Economy
Municipal Budget
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
31
Economy
Tourism
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
32
Economy
The Biotech Cluster
• The opening conditions of Jerusalem e...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
33
JIIS’ Contribution
Projects:
• Assessment of hi-tech and bio-tech i...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
34
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Economic
• Raising social-econom...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
35
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
World City
• Capital of the Jewi...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
36
JIIS’ Contribution
Projects:
• Jerusalem – A World City
• Jerusalem...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
37
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Geo-political
• Tension de-escal...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
38
JIIS’ Contribution
Projects:
East Jerusalem daily life
• Legal stat...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
39
Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge
Social
Urban
Geo-politicalWorld ...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
Jerusalem Institute
for Israel Studies
Our Contribution
• Assessment -...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
41
Project Proposals:
The Demographic Challenge
The Challenge:
• To fi...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
42
Project Proposals:
Affordable Housing
The Challenge:
• To boost the...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
43
Project Proposals:
Urban Sustainability
The Challenge:
• To build m...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
44
Project Proposals:
The Israeli-Palestinian
Negotiations over Jerusa...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
45
Project Proposals:
Development of the High-Tech
Industries
The Chal...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
46
Project Proposals:
Jerusalem – A World City
The Challenge:
• to rea...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org
47
Project Proposals:
Jerusalem and the
Christian World
The Challenge:...
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Jiis key figures 2015

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Mair Kraus, Concordia University, Canada. About the JIIS - the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies: Our goals, challenges and vision for the city of Jerusalem and the state of Israel.

Visit us at JIIS.org to find out more.
בקרו אותנו באתר מכון ירושלים לחקר ישראל: jiis.org.il

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Jiis key figures 2015

  1. 1. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org May, 2015 meir@jiis.org.il Jerusalem Key Figures & Challenges Meir Kraus Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies
  2. 2. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Our Contribution • Assessment - From data collection to trend analysis and evaluation • Policy planning - Formulating alternatives, cooperating with policy makers • Dissemination - Policy papers, conferences, roundtable discussions, and briefings www.jiis.org meir@jiis.org.il
  3. 3. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 3 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Social Urban Geo-politicalWorld City Economic
  4. 4. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 4 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Social - Demographic
  5. 5. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 5 Society and Demography Key Population Figures • Total: 830,000 (10% of Israel's population) – Thereof: 63% Jews (522,000) 37% Arabs (308,000) – Ultra-orthodox Jews: 39% (205,000) of the Jewish population
  6. 6. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 6 Where Do the Communities Live? • Arab population – mainly East Jerusalem • Jewish population – West Jerusalem and satellite neighborhoods – Ultra-orthodox – mainly north
  7. 7. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 7 Heterogeneous Cities
  8. 8. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 8 Society and Demography Population Projection 196720132020 Jews74%63%59% Arabs26%37%41%
  9. 9. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 9 Society and Demography Diversity in Age Structure Median Age • Arabs: 20.0 • Jews : 25.7 Median Age • Ultra-orthodox: 18.1 • Secular and Religious: 29.2
  10. 10. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 10 Society and Demography Diversity in Religiousness
  11. 11. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 11 Society and Demography Migration Metropolitan centers: • Jerusalem –7,400 • Tel Aviv –1,900 • Haifa –1,300
  12. 12. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 12 Society and Demography Students in the Jerusalem Education System 2014/15 • Total – 266,700 students in system • 1/3 of the city's residents • Size enables diversity. Schools include: Jewish-Arab; Religious- secular; Science & art; Democratic; Waldorf; and many more State and State- Religious Education 88,600 (26%) Ultra- Orthodox Education 92,700 (38%) Arab Education 84,200 (36%)
  13. 13. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 13 Society and Demography Trends in Education • Growing UO and Arab systems • State & state religious - stable 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Students Students in The Municipal Education System in Jerusalem by Sector, 2000-2014 Ultra-orthodox Arab State and State-religious 0 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Students Students in the Municipal Education System in Jerusalem by Sector, 2000-2014 Ultra-orthodox Arab State and State-religious
  14. 14. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 14 Society and Demography Higher Education Higher Education Students in Jerusalem: • The Hebrew University: 20,600 • Academic Colleges: 11,400 • Colleges of Education: 5,700 • Total number of students in academic institutes: 37,700 • Leading non-academic colleges and schools are based in the city - schools of photography; drama; film and many more Jerusalem is home to a University, 6 Academic Colleges and 4 Colleges of Education:
  15. 15. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 15 JIIS’ Contribution Projects: • Population projection for 2040 • Migration study – to find the reasons for migration from and to Jerusalem, and produce policy recommendations • Policy paper for making Jerusalem attractive for well-established population • Policy for attracting students to the city JIIS Project
  16. 16. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 16 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Social - Demographic • Three separate communities: general Jewish population; ultra-orthodox Jews; Arabs • Large population in a low socio-economic status • Demographic trends and negative migration balance • Large and complex education system • Higher education • Culture
  17. 17. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 17 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Urban
  18. 18. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 18 Planning & Housing Land Reserves for Construction • Almost ending • Need for small editions instead of large neighborhoods • Urban renewal
  19. 19. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 19 Planning & Housing Apartment Size • Shift towards large, unaffordable, apartments
  20. 20. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 20 Planning & Housing Housing Prices • Number of Monthly Salaries is Rising
  21. 21. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 21 Planning & Housing Affordable Housing? – Average Salary vs. Housing Prices 96 147 219 250 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Haifa Israel Tel Aviv - Yafo Jerusalem Number of Average Monthly Salaries Needed to Buy an Average-Priced Apartment, 2012
  22. 22. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 22 Planning & Housing Dwelling Construction in Jerusalem • Changing trend
  23. 23. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 23 JIIS’ Contribution Projects: • Downtown Jerusalem development plan evaluation • Promoting affordable housing – identifying locations; policy for price moderation; strategies for urban regeneration • Master plan for community services – family health centers; elderly services; welfare • Jerusalem as a model city for urban sustainability and quality of life • Urban conservation policy for Jerusalem JIIS project JIIS project
  24. 24. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 24 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Urban • Regeneration of the inner city • Connectivity to the center • Public transport • Affordable housing • Preservation of the built heritage
  25. 25. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 25 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Economic
  26. 26. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 26 Economy Participation in Labor Force by Population Group
  27. 27. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 27 Economy Structure of the Workforce (2013) JerusalemTel AvivHaifa 41%22%32%Public administration, Education Health, Welfare 13%35%18% Business activities, Banking, Insurance & Financial institutions 16%17%15%Trade, Accommodation, Restaurants 15%12%23%Industry, Transport, Construction 14%15%12%Other 100%100%100%Total
  28. 28. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 28 Economy Monthly Wage
  29. 29. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 29 Economy Poverty Rate
  30. 30. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 30 Economy Municipal Budget
  31. 31. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 31 Economy Tourism
  32. 32. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 32 Economy The Biotech Cluster • The opening conditions of Jerusalem encourage the existence of biotech companies in the city. • The cluster is developing – the number of companies is rising • Currently – 11% of the companies in Israel are located in Jerusalem 30% 18% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Jerusalem Israel % Biotech Industry out of the High-tech Industry 111 117 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 2012 2013 Number of companies in Jerusalem
  33. 33. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 33 JIIS’ Contribution Projects: • Assessment of hi-tech and bio-tech industries in Jerusalem and policy recommendations • Assessment of the tourism industry in the city and policy recommendations • Policy paper on higher education among the ultra-orthodox • Examination of barriers to ultra-orthodox participation in the labor force • Mapping of employment (especially women) in East Jerusalem JIIS project
  34. 34. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 34 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Economic • Raising social-economic level • Gap narrowing • Hi-tech industries • Employment creation; raising participation of UO men and Arab women • Tourism
  35. 35. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 35 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge World City • Capital of the Jewish people • Pluralism - diversity and tolerance • Spiritual dimension
  36. 36. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 36 JIIS’ Contribution Projects: • Jerusalem – A World City • Jerusalem and the Christian World JIIS project JIIS project
  37. 37. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 37 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Geo-political • Tension de-escalation and coexistence • Daily life in East Jerusalem • Possible solutions
  38. 38. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 38 JIIS’ Contribution Projects: East Jerusalem daily life • Legal status of the residents and policy recommendations • Mapping of neighborhoods and needs • Identification of friction points and management recommendations Negotiations over Jerusalem • Preparation of a “guide to the Israeli negotiator” – geographic and demographic background; defining Israel’s interests; alternatives; analyses of previous negotiations JIIS project
  39. 39. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 39 Jerusalem – 5 Spheres of Challenge Social Urban Geo-politicalWorld City Economic • Regeneration of the inner city • Connectivity to the center • Public transport • Affordable housing • Preservation of the built heritage • Possible solutions • Tension de-escalation and coexistence • Service level equality • Capital of the Jewish people • Tourism • Pluralism - diversity and tolerance • Spiritual dimension • Raising social-economic level • Gap narrowing • Hi-tech industries • Employment creation and diversification • Raising participation of UO men and Arab women • Enrichment of human capital • Empowerment of community life and local leadership • Inter community tension de-escalation • Education system • Cultural infrastructure and activities • Academic city
  40. 40. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Our Contribution • Assessment - From data collection to trend analysis and evaluation • Policy planning - Formulating alternatives, cooperating with policy makers • Dissemination - Policy papers, conferences, roundtable discussions, and briefings Thank You meir@jiis.org.il
  41. 41. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 41 Project Proposals: The Demographic Challenge The Challenge: • To find ways to make Jerusalem attractive to strong socioeconomic groups and young people and inject new life into the city, thereby strengthening it. Anticipated Products • A detailed population forecast for Jerusalem that looks toward 2040 • A report outlining the reasons people leave or move to Jerusalem, including policy recommendations • Policy recommendations that will encourage the presence of stronger socioeconomic groups in the city back
  42. 42. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 42 Project Proposals: Affordable Housing The Challenge: • To boost the availability of affordable apartments, which would serve as an incentive for young educated people to remain in the city. Anticipated Products • A policy paper regarding affordable housing in the city will be drafted. The paper will address the issue of suitable lands for this purpose and include planning and policy recommendations pertaining to the character of “affordable housing”. back
  43. 43. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 43 Project Proposals: Urban Sustainability The Challenge: • To build models for a sustainable lifestyle that will improve the long- term quality of life in Jerusalem and, based on those models, Israel. Anticipated Products • Detailed reports and periodic updates presenting experts’ assessments on the main components of sustainable lifestyles in the city • A final report will include recommendations for short- and long-term policy measures back
  44. 44. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 44 Project Proposals: The Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations over Jerusalem The Challenge: • To draft comprehensive proposals and analyses for decision makers that include alternative scenarios and innovative ideas for resolving the Jerusalem quagmire. Anticipated Products • A negotiations guide aimed at the Israeli side, with a focus on topics pertaining to Jerusalem • A model of a special Israeli-Palestinian regime in the Old City and surroundings back
  45. 45. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 45 Project Proposals: Development of the High-Tech Industries The Challenge: • To develop and expand high-tech industries and find ways to attract companies to base their operations in the city. Anticipated Products • An annual report on the progress of the biotech industry in Jerusalem and the formulation of policy recommendations for its advancement • An annual report on the development of local high-tech industries and the formulation of policy recommendations for their advancement • An annual report on the development of new media and the formulation of relevant policy recommendations back
  46. 46. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 46 Project Proposals: Jerusalem – A World City The Challenge: • to realize the potential inherent in the city and turn Jerusalem into a world center of spirituality and interfaith dialogue, wisdom, multiculturalism, and an extraordinary place to visit. Anticipated Products • A series of reports on different topics, including recommendations for policy and action • Activities: Seminars, roundtable meetings, and the dissemination of reports stemming from this project • The creation of a new database, “Jerusalem as a World City” back
  47. 47. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies www.jiis.org 47 Project Proposals: Jerusalem and the Christian World The Challenge: • To foster the local Christian communities and strengthen the ties of hundreds of millions of believers to Jerusalem. Anticipated Products • Periodic reports on the state of the Christian communities, churches and other bodies operating in the Jerusalem metropolis • Policy papers aimed at fostering Israel’s bond with these communities and official entities, and with the Christian world • Activities: Seminars, roundtable meetings, and other activities aimed at broadening the knowledge base about the different Christian communities in Jerusalem and promoting interfaith dialogue. back

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