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Fracking,
Elsipogtog First Nation,
and the police:
Examining the social media discourse around a
police-repressed environm...
Environmental movements and
new media
Police	
  	
  
repression	
  
Climate	
  	
  
change	
  
Contested	
  energy	
  
tec...
Elsipogtog…
…and Fracking…
	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  Source:	
  ProPublica.	
  (n.d.).	
  	
  	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  What	
  is	
  Hydraulic	...
…and the RCMP.
What are the features of
wide-reaching tweets
compared to tweets that get
little to no attention?
•  Computer-­‐assisted	
  content	
  analysis	
  of	
  English	
  
language	
  tweets	
  with	
  DiscoverText	
  machine	
...
Methods
•  Grouped	
  the	
  data	
  into	
  three	
  categories	
  based	
  
on	
  #	
  of	
  re-­‐tweets	
  
– Hi:	
  20...
Methods
•  Coded	
  text	
  +	
  images	
  for	
  	
  
– Movement	
  response/presence	
  
•  Peaceful	
  protest	
  
•  D...
Results
0.0%	
  
10.0%	
  
20.0%	
  
30.0%	
  
40.0%	
  
50.0%	
  
60.0%	
  
70.0%	
  
Movement response/presence within
Elsipogto...
0.0%	
  
10.0%	
  
20.0%	
  
30.0%	
  
40.0%	
  
50.0%	
  
60.0%	
  
70.0%	
  
80.0%	
  
Police	
  acDon/presence	
  withi...
Police-protester interaction
0.0%	
  
10.0%	
  
20.0%	
  
30.0%	
  
40.0%	
  
50.0%	
  
60.0%	
  
70.0%	
  
80.0%	
   No	
...
Conclusion
•  Peaceful	
  protests	
  are	
  a	
  dominant	
  theme	
  of	
  
highly	
  re-­‐tweeted	
  posts.	
  
•  Soli...
Next steps
•  Code	
  for	
  user	
  type	
  
•  Trace	
  images	
  
through	
  networks	
  	
  
Questions? Thank you!
Molly	
  J.	
  Simis,	
  M.S.	
  	
  
Ph.D.	
  Candidate	
  	
  
simis@wisc.edu	
  
Jill	
  Hopke,	
...
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Fracking, Elsipogtog First Nation, and the police: Examining the social media discourse around a police-repressed environmental justice movement

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A research presentation on the role of visual social media in amplifying protest against shale gas development in Canada. Presented at the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences (APLS) annual conference. Madison, Wisconsin, October 2015.

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
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Fracking, Elsipogtog First Nation, and the police: Examining the social media discourse around a police-repressed environmental justice movement

  1. 1. Fracking, Elsipogtog First Nation, and the police: Examining the social media discourse around a police-repressed environmental justice movement Molly  J.  Simis,  M.S.     Ph.D.  Candidate     Jill  Hopke,  Ph.D.     Assistant  Professor  
  2. 2. Environmental movements and new media Police     repression   Climate     change   Contested  energy   technologies  
  3. 3. Elsipogtog…
  4. 4. …and Fracking…          Source:  ProPublica.  (n.d.).              What  is  Hydraulic  Fracturing?      
  5. 5. …and the RCMP.
  6. 6. What are the features of wide-reaching tweets compared to tweets that get little to no attention?
  7. 7. •  Computer-­‐assisted  content  analysis  of  English   language  tweets  with  DiscoverText  machine   learning  funcEon   •  Narrowed  down  fracking-­‐related  tweets  with   hashtag  keywords:  #cdnpoli    #rcmp  #Elsipogtog   #INM  #IdleNoMore  #nbpoli  #FirstNaDon  #FN   •  De-­‐duplicated  the  data,  which  groups  all   verbaEm  duplicates   Methods
  8. 8. Methods •  Grouped  the  data  into  three  categories  based   on  #  of  re-­‐tweets   – Hi:  20+  retweets  (n=49)   – Low:  1-­‐19  retweets  (n=762)   – Single  items:  no  retweets  (n  =  2872)   •  Coded  each  group  into  subsets  of  posts               with  images  images  and  posts  without  images  
  9. 9. Methods •  Coded  text  +  images  for     – Movement  response/presence   •  Peaceful  protest   •  DisrupEve  protest   •  Solidarity   – Police  acDon/presence   •  Use  of  force,  surveillance  and  monitoring   •  Equipment  and  weapons   •  Coded  images  for   – Police-­‐protester  interacDon  (present  or  absent)  
  10. 10. Results
  11. 11. 0.0%   10.0%   20.0%   30.0%   40.0%   50.0%   60.0%   70.0%   Movement response/presence within Elsipogtog-themed posts Hi  #  of  RT;     Image   Hi  #  of  RT;     No  image   Low  #  of  RT;     Image   Low  #  of  RT;     No  image   Single  items;     Image   Single  items;     No  image   No  movement  response   Peaceful  protest   DisrupEve  protest   Solidarity  
  12. 12. 0.0%   10.0%   20.0%   30.0%   40.0%   50.0%   60.0%   70.0%   80.0%   Police  acDon/presence  within  Elsipogtog-­‐themed  posts   Hi  #  of  RT;     Image   Hi  #  of  RT;     No  image   Low  #  of  RT;     Image   Low  #  of  RT;     No  image   Single  items;   Image   Single  items;   No  image   No  police  acEon   Use  of  force,   surveillance/ monitoring   Police  equipment   and  weapons   Police action/presence within Elsipogtog-themed posts
  13. 13. Police-protester interaction 0.0%   10.0%   20.0%   30.0%   40.0%   50.0%   60.0%   70.0%   80.0%   No  police-­‐protester  interacEon   Police-­‐protester  interacEon   Hi  #  of  RT;     Image   Low  #  of  RT;     Image   Single  items;   Image  
  14. 14. Conclusion •  Peaceful  protests  are  a  dominant  theme  of   highly  re-­‐tweeted  posts.   •  Solidarity  tends  to  be  textually  described   more  oaen  than  visually  depicted.     •  Police  use  of  force/surveillance  is  visually   depicted  more  oaen  than  textually  described.     Repression  galvanizes  tweeEng      
  15. 15. Next steps •  Code  for  user  type   •  Trace  images   through  networks    
  16. 16. Questions? Thank you! Molly  J.  Simis,  M.S.     Ph.D.  Candidate     simis@wisc.edu   Jill  Hopke,  Ph.D.     Assistant  Professor   jhopke@depaul.edu  

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