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Cerebral palsy presentation

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Cerebral palsy presentation

  1. 1. Cerebral Palsy<br />Lena Lutz<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />“Cerebral” : brain<br />“Palsy” : disorder of movement or posture<br />Condition where damage to certain areas of the brain result in loss of muscle control and movement<br />Non-progressive and non-contagious<br />Developmental disability<br />Can occur before, at, or soon after birth<br />
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  4. 4. Key Components<br />3 Main Types of Cerebral Palsy:<br />Spastic<br />Stiff and difficult movement (scissor gait)<br />Most common form<br />Athetoid<br />Involuntary and uncontrolled movement<br />Second most common<br />Effected part of brain: Basal Ganglia<br />Ataxic <br />Disturbed sense of balance and depth perception<br />Effected part of brain: cerebellum<br />Mixed<br />There can exist a combination of these types of CP for any one person<br />
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  6. 6. Signs / Symptoms<br />Depending on which areas of the brain have been damaged, someone with Cerebral Palsy may experience:<br />Muscle tightness or spasms<br />Involuntary movement<br />Disturbance in gait and mobility<br />Abnormal sensation and perception<br />Impairment of sight, hearing or speech<br />Seizures <br />
  7. 7. Videos<br /><br />Normal walking pattern<br /><br />Anatomically-based model of a child with spastic cerebral palsy<br /><br />Spastic gait<br /><br />Ataxic gait<br /><br />Athetoid involuntary movement<br />
  8. 8. Causes<br />Areas of the brain can be damaged during:<br />Fetal development<br />Infancy<br />Before, during, or shortly following birth<br />Often occurs due to brain damage from lack of oxygen before or during birth<br />Neither progressive nor communicable<br />
  9. 9. Medications<br />Tegretol, Dilantin and Phenobarbital<br />Help control/prevent different types of seizures<br />Diazepam, Baclofen, and Dantrolene<br />Help reduce spasticity<br /><br />‘Diagnosis & Treatment : How to Treat Cerebral Palsy ‘<br />
  10. 10. Benefit From Exercise<br />Slow stretching, warm external temperature, and good positioning can help decrease the dynamic condition found with the Spasticity form of CP<br />
  11. 11. Risk with Exercise<br />Quick movements, cold external temperature, fatigue and emotional stress can increase a spastic dynamic condition<br />Increased effort and emotional stress can increase the involuntary and/or uncontrolled movement (primarily in extremities) found in Athetoid CP<br />Convulsive seizures may occur and significantly interfere in exercise; safety precautions must be taken<br />Use adaptive equipment<br />Straps and holding gloves<br />
  12. 12. References<br /><br />ACSM (2010). Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. (8th ed.). Baltimore, MD: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins<br /><br />