BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
A computer-aided design system to support open and
participatory building processes in mass housing...
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
-This is a research project carried out by ARC Engineering and
Architecture La Salle, Ramon Llull U...
PROTOTYPE SYSTEM (2002-2005)
www.barcodehousing.net
U N I T: S P A C E: M O D U L E
superficie construida : 75,6 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 75,6 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 75,6 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 75,6 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 64,8 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 54,0 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 86,4 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
superficie construida : 97,2 m2
U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
.
U N I T : G E N E R A T I O N
G E N E R A T I O N : G R A P H I C O U T P U T
V I S U A L I Z A T I O N : W E B E N V I R O N M E N T
U N I T : C O N S T R U C T I O N
6’00
7’20
9’60
8’40
3’00
1’20
4’80 -
U N I T : C O N S T R U C T I O N
www.barcodehousing.net
OPEN SYSTEM (2005-2009)
With the support of the grant BIA BIA2005-08707-
C02-01 from the Spanish National RDI Plan
BAR_CODE HOUSING SYSTEM
ARCHITECTURAL /
BUILDING SYSTEM
COMPUTER SYSTEM
- open spatial/formal
composition: versatile,
adap...
SPACE STRUCTURE SERVICES ENVELOPES
SYSTEM STRUCTURE
SYSTEM
SUBSYSTEMSUBSYSTEM SUBSYSTEM SUBSYSTEM
S1
SS1 SS2 SS3 SS4
VARIA...
GENERATIVE PROCEDURE BASED ON THE RELATIONSHIPS
BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT ZONES
SPATIAL LAYOUT CONFIGRUATION
TIPOLOGÍAS DE VIVIENDA SEGÚN FONDO EDIFICATORIO
HOUSING TYPES
HOUSING UNITS
TIPOLOGÍAS DE BLOQUE SEGÚN TIPO DE ACCESO/ALTURA/DENSIDAD
TIPOLOGÍAS DE BLOQUE SEGÚN TIPO DE ACCESO/ALTURA/DENSIDAD
AGRUPACIÓN PERPENDICULAR
BLOCK AGGREGATIONS
STRUCTURE
CASE 1C
SOPORTE: BASTIDOR METÁLICO ELABORADO EN TALLER FORMADO POR PERFILES
METÁLICOS TUBULARES
FORJADO: PANELES LIGEROS FORMADOS ...
EST INS CoNS ESP
SOPORTE: BASTIDOR METÁLICO ELABORADO EN TALLER FORMADO POR PERFILES
METÁLICOS TUBULARES
FORJADO: PANELES ...
EST INS CoNS ESP
HOUSING TYPES
GRAPH 1B -3 BARS + GALLERY
5 BARS
CONSTRAINTS
DIMENSIONS
BARS
STRIPES
2MT + (5.00 A 7.00)MT + 1.2MT
BATHROOM...
-Tabiques móviles
-Paneles correderos
-Mobiliario
-Divisiones interiores
-Módulos baños/cocinas
TRANSFORMACIONES
TEMPORALE...
FLEXIBILIDAD EN GRADOS
CONNECTORS
CONNECTORS
Validations
• Spatial connectors
[ accesibility] to housing unit
• Structural connectors
[ load capacity of col...
HOUSING UNIT
CONFIGURATION
HOUSING UNITS
ASSEMBLY
PRODUCTS’
CATALOGUES
HOUSING UNIT
LAYOUTS
HOUSING UNIT GENERATIVE PROCESS
backtracking flooding
best first search
More than 10.000 housing units generated…..
HOUSING UNIT GENERATION ENVIRONMENT
HOUSING UNIT CONFIGURATION
OCCUPANTS AND SPACES
VISUAL PERCEPTION OF THE LIVING SPACE
ROOM RELATIONSHIPS AND POSITIONING
CUSTOMIZATION OF THE LIVING UNIT
Housing unit selection
Volumetric envelope
Circulation layout
Attribute rating
GENERATIVE PROCESS OF A HOUSING BLOCK
User ...
BUILDING COMPONENTS CATALOGUE
CREATION OF A BULDING COMPONENT
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
©2002-2009 ARC Engineering and Architecture La Salle
www.salleurl.edu/arc
If you would like to have...
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
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BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM
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BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM

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This is a summary of the development of the BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM, a project carried out by the research group ARC Engineering and Architecture La Salle, from 2002 to 2009. The purpose of the research has been the creation of an Internet-based environment which facilitates the interaction of the different actors (architects, builders, manufacturers, occupants, facilities managers) involved in the design, construction and use of affordable housing built with industrialized methods. This research project began in 2002, when we started to develop a rule-based system to automatically generate housing units and buildings resulting from their aggregation, by means of user-friendly interfaces. This system, which was completed in 2005, was stand-alone and limited to single users. We then proceeded to develop a new environment to overcome these limitations, facilitating the participation and interaction of different agents in the process of designing, building and using the housing generated with the support of the system. This second version of the system was carried out with a research grant of the Spanish National RDI plan, from 2005 to 2009. It is a modular environment which supports the decision-making process in an open and distributed fashion, allowing inputs from different users at any stage of the design and building process.

A poster of the first version of the system can be accessed here:

http://www.slideshare.net/lmadrazo/barcode-housing-systemprototype

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BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM

  1. 1. BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM A computer-aided design system to support open and participatory building processes in mass housing ARC Engineering and Architecture La Salle Universitat Ramon Llull Barcelona, Spain www.salleurl.edu/arc
  2. 2. BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM -This is a research project carried out by ARC Engineering and Architecture La Salle, Ramon Llull University, in two stages: -2002-2005, development of a stand-alone prototype system - 2005-2009, design and implementation of an open, participative, modular system which supports the decision-making process in an open and distributed fashion, allowing inputs from different users at different stages of the process
  3. 3. PROTOTYPE SYSTEM (2002-2005) www.barcodehousing.net
  4. 4. U N I T: S P A C E: M O D U L E
  5. 5. superficie construida : 75,6 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  6. 6. superficie construida : 75,6 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  7. 7. superficie construida : 75,6 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  8. 8. superficie construida : 75,6 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  9. 9. superficie construida : 64,8 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  10. 10. superficie construida : 54,0 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  11. 11. superficie construida : 86,4 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  12. 12. superficie construida : 97,2 m2 U N I T : S P A C E : F L E X I B I L I T Y
  13. 13. . U N I T : G E N E R A T I O N
  14. 14. G E N E R A T I O N : G R A P H I C O U T P U T
  15. 15. V I S U A L I Z A T I O N : W E B E N V I R O N M E N T
  16. 16. U N I T : C O N S T R U C T I O N 6’00 7’20 9’60 8’40 3’00 1’20 4’80 -
  17. 17. U N I T : C O N S T R U C T I O N
  18. 18. www.barcodehousing.net
  19. 19. OPEN SYSTEM (2005-2009) With the support of the grant BIA BIA2005-08707- C02-01 from the Spanish National RDI Plan
  20. 20. BAR_CODE HOUSING SYSTEM ARCHITECTURAL / BUILDING SYSTEM COMPUTER SYSTEM - open spatial/formal composition: versatile, adaptable housing - open building: exchangeable systems - industrialized construction: dry construction, integrated building systems - social housing: mass housing, with high quality standards -generation of spatial / formal variations (rule- based system) -web-based collaborative design and construction processes (non-linear processes) -integration of computer- aided design, building and manufacturing (knowledge based systems)
  21. 21. SPACE STRUCTURE SERVICES ENVELOPES SYSTEM STRUCTURE SYSTEM SUBSYSTEMSUBSYSTEM SUBSYSTEM SUBSYSTEM S1 SS1 SS2 SS3 SS4 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 VARIABLE V1 GENERIC PRINCIPLES: - Spatial structure (zones/bars, cells, rooms) - Modular grid - Dimensional coordination - Assembly rules (connectors) BUILDING SPECIFIC PRINCIPLES: - A subsystem is characterized by a type of component (spaces, columns, ducts) and their rules of assembly BUILDING COMPONENTS: -Descriptions of their properties, and constraints.
  22. 22. GENERATIVE PROCEDURE BASED ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT ZONES SPATIAL LAYOUT CONFIGRUATION
  23. 23. TIPOLOGÍAS DE VIVIENDA SEGÚN FONDO EDIFICATORIO HOUSING TYPES
  24. 24. HOUSING UNITS
  25. 25. TIPOLOGÍAS DE BLOQUE SEGÚN TIPO DE ACCESO/ALTURA/DENSIDAD
  26. 26. TIPOLOGÍAS DE BLOQUE SEGÚN TIPO DE ACCESO/ALTURA/DENSIDAD
  27. 27. AGRUPACIÓN PERPENDICULAR BLOCK AGGREGATIONS
  28. 28. STRUCTURE
  29. 29. CASE 1C
  30. 30. SOPORTE: BASTIDOR METÁLICO ELABORADO EN TALLER FORMADO POR PERFILES METÁLICOS TUBULARES FORJADO: PANELES LIGEROS FORMADOS POR BASTIDOR Y CHAPA PLEGADA EL ALZADO Y LA DISTRIBUCIÓN INTERIOR SE VERAN AFECTADOS POR LA DIMENSION DE LAS CAJAS DE PASO DE LAS INSTALACIONES INSTALACIONES: OPCIÓN A: RESERVA DE ESPACIO HECHA EN FORJADO Y CERRAMIENTO DEL CAJÓN CON PLADUR OPCIÓN B: CAJÓN HECHO EN TALLER A BASE DE MONTANTES Y CHAPA PLEGADA CASO 3C EST INS CNS ESP
  31. 31. EST INS CoNS ESP SOPORTE: BASTIDOR METÁLICO ELABORADO EN TALLER FORMADO POR PERFILES METÁLICOS TUBULARES FORJADO: PANELES LIGEROS FORMADOS POR BASTIDOR Y CHAPA PLEGADA EL ALZADO Y LA DISTRIBUCIÓN INTERIOR SE VERAN AFECTADOS POR LA DIMENSION DE LAS CAJAS DE PASO DE LAS INSTALACIONES INSTALACIONES: OPCIÓN A: RESERVA DE ESPACIO HECHA EN FORJADO Y CERRAMIENTO DEL CAJÓN CON PLADUR OPCIÓN B: CAJÓN HECHO EN TALLER A BASE DE MONTANTES Y CHAPA PLEGADA
  32. 32. EST INS CoNS ESP
  33. 33. HOUSING TYPES GRAPH 1B -3 BARS + GALLERY 5 BARS CONSTRAINTS DIMENSIONS BARS STRIPES 2MT + (5.00 A 7.00)MT + 1.2MT BATHROOMS LIMITATION TO 1 BATHROOM, 3 BARS KITCHENS LIMITATION OF 1 KITCHEN, 2 BARS IN ZONE 1, POSSIBLE APPROPRIATION OF ADJACENT SPACE IN ZONE 1. GALLERIES LIMITATION OF THE NUMBER OF OCCUPIED BARS. MINIMUM OF TWO VOID SPACES OR BALCONY AT EACH FACADE. ROOMS IT IS ONLY POSSIBLE THE DIVISION 2+3 OR 3+3 OR 5 OR 6. CIRCULATION GRAPH 1 -3 BARS * BUILDING CODE CAN BE OPTIONALLY APPLIED 6 BARS
  34. 34. -Tabiques móviles -Paneles correderos -Mobiliario -Divisiones interiores -Módulos baños/cocinas TRANSFORMACIONES TEMPORALES PERIODO CORTO TRANSFORMACIONES TEMPORALES PERIODO LARGO TRANSFORMACIONES TEMPORALES PERIODO MEDIO
  35. 35. FLEXIBILIDAD EN GRADOS
  36. 36. CONNECTORS
  37. 37. CONNECTORS Validations • Spatial connectors [ accesibility] to housing unit • Structural connectors [ load capacity of columns and beams] • Services connectors [ number of ducts for the available space]
  38. 38. HOUSING UNIT CONFIGURATION HOUSING UNITS ASSEMBLY PRODUCTS’ CATALOGUES HOUSING UNIT LAYOUTS
  39. 39. HOUSING UNIT GENERATIVE PROCESS backtracking flooding best first search
  40. 40. More than 10.000 housing units generated….. HOUSING UNIT GENERATION ENVIRONMENT
  41. 41. HOUSING UNIT CONFIGURATION
  42. 42. OCCUPANTS AND SPACES
  43. 43. VISUAL PERCEPTION OF THE LIVING SPACE
  44. 44. ROOM RELATIONSHIPS AND POSITIONING
  45. 45. CUSTOMIZATION OF THE LIVING UNIT
  46. 46. Housing unit selection Volumetric envelope Circulation layout Attribute rating GENERATIVE PROCESS OF A HOUSING BLOCK User input interfaces 1. Initial population 2. Crossover function x x x x x x 3. Mutation function 4. Evaluation & replacement Generative process: Genetic Algorithm Architectural system input: Connectors - Morphology - Circulation - Facade levels - Compactness - Structure - Efficiency - Flexibility - Density - Homogeneity - Tributary areas - Building services - Optimization - Flexibility - Concentration levels - Supplies length Evaluating attributes Individuals Abstract space Candidate solutions Real space Evaluated solutions Abstract space
  47. 47. BUILDING COMPONENTS CATALOGUE
  48. 48. CREATION OF A BULDING COMPONENT
  49. 49. BARCODE HOUSING SYSTEM ©2002-2009 ARC Engineering and Architecture La Salle www.salleurl.edu/arc If you would like to have more information about the content of this presentation, please contact us: arc@salleurl.edu

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