2. To understand twentieth century literature, one needs to understand the society
of 20 th century
This period is known commonly as modern age.
It falls roughly from year 1901 to 2000.
However, the later years are also said to fall in postmodern period.
Postmodern period is a shift within the twentieth century
Modernism was a break away fromVictorianism which led to postmodernism
3. MODERN AGE
Twentieth century was a breakup from the past traditions and customs.
Science became the new norm of the century
Transportations became fast
Communications became better
This age saw change in politcal, cultural, social, and ideological ways.
There was innovation in every aspect.
New discoveries were made in every field, e.g. Relativity and quantum physics
Discovery of insecticide, antibiotics and atom bomb
4. SCIENCE ANDTECHNOLOGY
Mass production in industries. Especially in vehicle industries led to the production of
Availabilty of information through media and accesibiloty of communication through
telephone made world smaller.
Use of new advanced weapons in wars, more sepcifically in world war 1 led to mass
5. Women were allowed in western countries to vote for the first time in this century
World war 1 claimed many lives due to the involvment of many countries and also
the use of weapons of mass destruction.
United States of America rose as a super power.
Its rise was mainly due to industrialisation
Two world wars in one century also paved way for change on different platforms.
6. The world also changed socially.
It got more urbanized
People started to migrate to cities, particularly in Europe and America
The subject matter of novels also changed.
The writers wrote their stories in urbanized settings
7. TWENTIETH CENTURY LITERATURE
As the ages was the age of doubt and anxiety.
The literature also depicted the same.
Earlier, there was form in everything but the chaos of 20th century brought an
informal structure and outlook in everything.
For instance, the plot of novels were not linear anymore, they were haphazard,
being called novels based on stream of consciousness technique.
A scene was always disrupted by the memories of characters.
James Joyce andVirginia Woolf are called the harbingers of this technique.