7. Do you think that the structure or organization of
the federal judicial system ensures justice?
Must be at least 5 sentences!
o The different levels
o How long the process takes
o How many cases actually get appealed
o If having appeals is fair or not
8. What did we do yesterday with the judicial branch?
o Anything memorable?
9. “The executive not only dispenses the honors,
but holds the sword of the community. The
legislature not only commands the purse, but
prescribes the rules by which the duties and
rights of every citizen are to be regulated. The
judiciary, on the contrary, has no influence over
either the sword or the purse. It may truly be
said to have neither FORCE nor WILL, but
merely judgment. “
-The Federalist, 1788
11. Under the federal system of government, the
United States has 2 court systems. One is the
federal court system and the other is the system
of state courts.
12. The judicial
Article III of the
13. Jurisdiction of a State law says
you have to eat
court is the French toast on
authority to Sundays…
courts have Ms. Mitchem was
arrested for eating
jurisdiction over tofu eggs on
cases arising Sunday and tried
in a state court.
under state law.
14. The federal courts are
organized into several
Check out all my
levels. evidence guys!! It’s
The lowest courts are trial super convincing!!
courts known as U.S.
These courts have original
jurisdiction, meaning they
have the authority to be
the first courts in which
most federal cases are
heard. These courts are
the only federal courts that
15. Above the lowest courts
are the U.S. courts of
These courts have
meaning that they review
decisions made by lower
courts if lawyers believe
the law was not applied
correctly in the lower
These courts do not have
juries, and instead, 6 to 28
There are 13 of us!!
judges will examine the
records from the trial
16. This term “appellate” in U.S. Courts of
“appellate jurisdiction” is so Appeal
crazy, right? Who’s heard of
I have! It comes from the
Latin verb “appello,
appellare” which means to
drive or move up.
Think of appellate
jurisdiction as a case that’s
been driven or moved up to
the next level!
U.S. district courts
17. 7. The highest court in
the land is the U.S. Supreme Court justices!! In purple!!
Supreme Court, which
meets in Washington,
D.C. These courts have
appellate jurisdiction and
some limited original
jurisdiction. There are 9
Supreme Court justices
who make the decision,
which is final and cannot
courts deal with issues that violate
the Constitution or federal laws like:
o Any person accused of disobeying any part of the
U.S. Constitution, including its amendments
o Anyone accused of violated a U.S. treaty
o Anyone accused of breaking laws passed by
o Charges brought by a foreign nation against the U.S.
government or a U.S. citizen
o Crimes committed on certain types of federal property
o Crimes committed on U.S. ships at sea
o Lawsuits between citizens of different states
19. Sodo you think Judge Judy deals with
federal or state cases?
22. Read the scenario and decide if you think
it is talking about the U.S. Supreme
Court, U.S. courts of appeals, or U.S.
23. This court has only appellate jurisdiction,
so it doesn’t hear cases for the first time.
24. Thiscourt has appellate jurisdiction, so it
reviews cases, but it also has a few
instances of original jurisdiction.
25. Jimmy committed a crime on the U.S.S.
Awesome, an American ship sailing China. He
was tried at a U.S. district court but doesn’t think
that was held fairly. Which court should he go to
26. Thiscourt has original jurisdiction so it has
the authority to be the first courts in which
most federal cases are heard.
27. It’s1951, and Oliver is protesting the fact that he
cannot attend a white school in Kansas. He
doesn’t think that the “separate, but equal”
treatment is fair, so he decides to file a lawsuit
against the Board of Education in Kansas. The
case ends up going all the way to the highest
court in the land.