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Pest control ppt

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All About pest control (House Keeping)

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Pest control ppt

  1. 1. PEST CONTROL • Pest control is a programmed of eradicating pests. Pests are removed through pesticides .a pesticide is called a chemical used to control or eliminate pests. Insects are probably the larger pests .many insects transmit diseases such as malaria and typhus .some insects destroy or cause heavy damage to valuable vegetation. Manufacturers use various chemicals in making pesticides. • Pest is an insect which affect human being, animal & food supply & also property. Pest can be divided into three groups:
  2. 2. • Those bites and infects the blood which cause disease. Example: mosquito, bedbug, flies etc. • Those that contaminated the food which pollute the food stuff such as flies, cockroach, spider, ants etc. • Those that destroy the property. For an example: moths, wood beetle, carpet beetles.
  3. 3. Pest control goals • Prevention: Keeping a pest from becoming a problem • Suppression: Reducing pest numbers or damage to an acceptable level. • Eradication: Destroying an entire pest population
  4. 4. COMMON PESTS AND THEIR CONTROL MEASURES • BED BUGS: these are tiny parasitic creatures that feed on the blood of human and other animals. They are more of a nuisance than a danger, although they can cause severe irritation in some people, leading to loss of sleep and lack of energy particularly in children they hide in the crevices of beds, furniture, upholstery, wallpaper and skirting boards, emerging when hungry.
  5. 5. Bed bug
  6. 6. Control measures: • pouring boiling water into crevices is a temporary solution to get rid of bed bug. a thick application of kerosene of emulsion is also effective against bed bugs.
  7. 7. BEETLES: • BISCUIT BITTLES: these are brown with dense layer of yellow hairs on their body. The pests that attack cereal products and have even been known to infest poisonous substances such as strychnine.
  8. 8. Biscuit beetle
  9. 9. CARPET BEETLES: • These are the beetles that will attack furs, carpets and all kinds of woolen textiles. They flourish in situations when they remain undisturbed-e.g. beneath carpets, around skirting boards and in wardrobes.
  10. 10. Carpet beetle
  11. 11. Control measures: • frequent vacuum-cleaning of fluff and dust is essential for control of these pests. In case of an infestation, insecticide powders may be sprayed in the affected areas.
  12. 12. FURNITURE BEETLES: • This beetle makes its home in crevices and cracks of furniture made of unpolished wood.
  13. 13. Furniture Beetle
  14. 14. COCKROACHES: • these are several pieces of nocturnal insect that spend most of the day hiding in cracks around drains or in other dark secluded crevices. Two common species of the cockroach are the German and the Oriental. • Cockroaches carry food- poisoning bacteria in their bodies and are responsible for the spread of dysentery and gastroenteritis. They will feed on almost anything, from fecal matter to food for human consumption.
  15. 15. cockroaches
  16. 16. Control measures: • cockroaches are the most difficult pests to eradicate .Proprietary cockroach – killer preparations may be used in the infested areas. However, pest-control experts need to be called if the infestation persists.
  17. 17. FLEAS: • This are common nuisance. Even a vacant house can have a flea problem. They are usually laid in a host's bedding, hatching at room temperature in about 10 days.
  18. 18. Fleas
  19. 19. Control measures: • on finding an infestation, the property should be sprayed with an insecticide that will kill adult fleas, their eggs, larvae and pupae. Pest- control expert should be called in to help with the problem.
  20. 20. MOTHS: • An insect resembling a butterfly, generally differing in having a duller color and differently shaped antennae, and in being active at night. • some of the moths species attack stores food products and are often found in houses, hotel kitchens , bakeries, grain stores and warehouses- anywhere that food is stored, especially dried foodstuffs such as grains , cereals, flours, nuts an so on..
  21. 21. moths
  22. 22. CLOTHES MOTHS • clothes moths in general are nocturnal insects and, although males and spent females sometimes come into the light, they are more likely to scuttle for cover that to fly into the open when disturbed.
  23. 23. Clothes moths
  24. 24. Control measures: • cloth moth damage can be minimized by treating fabrics by mothproof finish. Spray may be applied to carpets. Especially along and beneath the edges adjacent to skirting underneath furniture, and other likely areas of infestation where prolonged contact with humans or pet animals is unlikely –clothing and bedding should not be sprayed with insecticides
  25. 25. ANTS • these insects generally invade in large numbers when they come in search of food, especially sweet substances.
  26. 26. Ants
  27. 27. Control measures: • they can be destroyed by placing tablespoonfuls of carbon disulphide at the entrance.
  28. 28. FLIES • these filthy are dangerous to health as the contaminate food, causing diseases such as typhoid, dysentery and so on. They carry the disease germs on their legs and in their saliva. These are transferred to food on which they sit.
  29. 29. Flies
  30. 30. Control measures: • to eradicate flies, the first essential step is to destroy all possible breeding grounds early in the year before egg-laying begins. All garbage should be burnt. All dustbins should be covered. And a good standard of cleanliness for the surrounding should be maintained. Aerosol fly-killer sprays are also effective.
  31. 31. MOSQUITOES: • these transmit diseases such as malaria, and yellow fever. As life cycle of mosquitoes begins in water, do not allow water to stagnate in and around the property. The pits should not be open.
  32. 32. Control measures • Covers drains and pour kerosene oil onto these to prevent larvae from thriving there and growing into adult mosquitoes. Fine gauze on windows prevents the entry of mosquitoes.
  33. 33. MICE AND RATS: • rats and mice both carry disease germs and may cause food poisoning, infection, jaundice and so. mice and can contaminate food stuffs , work tops and utensils with their urine, droppings and fur and are responsible for spread of many diseases , some of which can be fatal to humans.
  34. 34. Control measures: • the most effective methods of controlling these pests are poisoning, trapping, fumigating to eliminate their food supply and shelter and rat- proofing buildings. Proprietary poisons are available to destroy rats and mice as well.
  35. 35. FUNGI: • some fungi in the form of wet or dry rot can cause considerable structural damage to a property.
  36. 36. WET ROT • it is more likely to be found in kitchens, bathrooms and roofs. Outsides, it attacks window frames and sills, doors and door frames where water has penetrated the paintwork.
  37. 37. Wet rot
  38. 38. • Control measures: it is best to call pest- control firms to deal with wet rot .timber can be treated with water-repellent preservations to prevent wet rot.