Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Utilizamos tu perfil de LinkedIn y tus datos de actividad para personalizar los anuncios y mostrarte publicidad más relevante. Puedes cambiar tus preferencias de publicidad en cualquier momento.

Seats SOM-TOPC-09 Ecclesiology

Ordination and Theology in Philippine Context 09 Ecclesiology

  • Sé el primero en comentar

  • Sé el primero en recomendar esto

Seats SOM-TOPC-09 Ecclesiology

  1. 1. ECCLESIOLOGY (THE DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCH) A.R.: Christian Theology, pp. 1025-1049 [24 pp.]
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • No matter how briefly or extensively we were to give our attention to the matter of the church, it would be incomplete. For that matter, you will spend the rest of your life working on developing your understanding of “The Church” and all that it means in your life and ministry. Just as it is true that you could profitably spend an entire lifetime studying about Jesus Christ, so you could spend a lifetime studying about the Church. But then, why not? The Bridegroom and the Bride ought to capture our attention.
  3. 3. BCP STATEMENT OF FAITH • The Statement of Faith of the BCP has the following to say about the Church: – “We believe in the universal church, a living spiritual body of which Christ is the head and all regenerated persons are members. We believe in the local church, consisting of a company of believers in Jesus Christ, baptised on a credible profession of faith and associated for worship, work, and fellowship. We believe that God has laid upon the members of the local church the primary task of giving the gospel of Jesus Christ to the lost world.”
  4. 4. BCP STATEMENT OF FAITH • The Statement of Faith of the BCP has the following to say about the Ordinances: – “We believe that the Lord Jesus Christ has committed two ordinances to the local church, baptism and the Lord’s Supper. We believe that Christian baptism is the immersion of a believer in water into the name of the triune God. We believe that Christ instituted the Lord’s Supper for commemoration of His death. We believe that these two ordinances should be observed and administered until the return of the Lord Jesus Christ.”
  5. 5. BCP STATEMENT OF FAITH • The Statement of Faith of the BCP has the following to say about Religious Liberty: – “We believe that every human being has direct relations with God and is responsible to God alone in all matters of faith; that each church is independent and must be free from interference by any ecclesiastical or political authority; that, therefore, church and state must be kept separate as having separate functions – each fulfilling its duties, free from dictation or patronage of the other.”
  6. 6. BCP STATEMENT OF FAITH • The Statement of Faith of the BCP has the following to say about Church Cooperation: – “We believe that local churches can best promote the cause of Christ by cooperating with one another in a denominational organisation. Such an organisation, whether a regional or district conference, exists and functions by the will of the churches. Cooperation in a conference is voluntary and may be terminated at any time. Churches may likewise cooperate with interdenominational fellowships on a voluntary independent basis.”
  7. 7. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words – Church. • The English word “church” comes from a Scottish and German words (kirk, kirche), which are in turn derived from the Greek word kuriakon (kuriakon), which means “belonging to the Lord.” – Simbahan. • The Tagalog word simbahan is usually used to describe an individual, local church as opposed to the church as society. – Iglesya. • The Tagalog word Iglesia is derived from the Spanish and is usually used to describe the church as a society as opposed to an individual, local church.
  8. 8. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words – The Greek word in Bible that the English word “church” translates is ekklesia (ekklesia), which is a combination of two words ek (ek = “out of”) and kalew (kaleo = “to call”). Ekklesia means, “called out.” However, the nature of the word ekklesia is that it can be used for both religious gatherings and regular community gatherings. As such, we need to examine its usage within the Bible in order to see what exact meaning it is given by the biblical writers.
  9. 9. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Scripture. Ekklesia is used 114 times in the New Testament • A Political Assembly • Ac 19:39,41 – “If there is anything further you want to bring up, it must be settled in a legal assembly (ekklesia) .… After he had said this, he dismissed the assembly (ekklesia).” • The Nation of Israel • Ac 7:38 – “[Moses] was in the assembly (ekklesia) in the desert, with the angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers; and he received living words to pass on to us.”
  10. 10. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Scripture. Ekklesia is used 114 times in the New Testament. • The Universal Church (Iglesya) • Ephesians 1:22-23 – “And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything in every way.” • The Local Church (Simbahan) • Ro16:5 – “Greet also the church that meets at their house.” • Philemon 2 – “… to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow-soldier and to the church that meets in your home.”
  11. 11. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Universal Church (Iglesya) • DEF – “The universal church is that total group of born-again believers from the beginning of the church to its consummation.” • KAHULUGAN – “Ang pangkalahatang Iglesia ay ang kabuuang grupo ng mga mananampalataya mula pa sa simula ng Iglesia hanggang sa kaganapan nito .” • CP – (Universal Church) – Colossians 1:24 – “Now I rejoice in what was suffered for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church.” Iglesya Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Fig. 1 Universal & Local Churches
  12. 12. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Local Church (Simbahan) • DEF – “A local church is a group of baptised professing believers who have organised themselves for the purpose of remembering the ordinances and carrying out the Great Commission.” • KAHULUGAN – “Ang local church ay isang grupo ng mananampalataya na nabawtismuhan(nabiyagan) at nagkaisa sa layuning pag-ala-ala at pagpapalaganap ng mabuting Balita .” • CP – (Local Church) -Ro16:3, 5 – “Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus .… Greet also the church that meets at their house. Iglesya Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Simbahan Fig. 1 Universal & Local Churches
  13. 13. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Local Church (Simbahan) • Indigenous Church. Because the BCP is interested in Churchplanting and missions, it is important for us to understand that for a church to be truly effective in a community, it must be run by people from that community. To this end, we present the following definition of the Indigenous Church: • DEF – “An indigenous church is a group of believers who live out their Christian lives in the patterns of the local society, and for whom any transformation of that society comes out of their felt needs under the guidance of the Holy Spirit and the Scriptures.” • KAHULUGAN – “Ang indigenous church ay isang grupo o pangkat ng mananampalataya na namumuhay ayon sa kultura o pamumuhay sa lokal na sambayanan o komunidad, at sa gaby ng Banal na Espiritu at salita ng Diyos ay nakita nila ang
  14. 14. DEFINITION OF THE CHURCH • Words • Local Church (Simbahan) • Indigenous Church. Fig. 2 Indigenous & Mission Churches Culture 2 Indigenous Church Mission Church Indigenous Church Culture 1
  15. 15. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • Introduction. There are several different pictures or figures found in the Bible that help us understand the identity of functioning of the church. Since God has given us so many different ways of looking at the church, it should be obvious that He things it is very important for us to understand what the church is and what we should be doing as a part of that church. When we consider that fact that the church is God’s program for this present age it is obvious that we must understand it if we are to be pleasing to the One who died to for it. • Therefore as you work your way through the following notes I think it is important not only to see the basic things that God is teaching concerning the church, but also that you continually ask yourself that question, “How does that help me understand what God wants me to be and to do as I live my life here on this earth?”
  16. 16. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Vine and the Branches • CP – (The Vine and the Branches) – Jo 15 • The extensive nature of Jo 15 reveals the importance of this figure. The point of the chapter is “abiding is necessary to bearing fruit,” and bearing fruit is what Christ expects of His followers. That reminds one of the “fruit of the Spirit” and several other sections of scripture. If you know anything about raising fruit, particularly growing grapes, this figure immediately springs to life with many clear, and often convicting, principles.
  17. 17. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Vine and the Branches • The following are a few points that will help us understand what the church as the branches of the vine means for us: • Union. Did you ever see a branch what was not in vital connection with the vine bear any fruit? • Communion. You cannot bear fruit in isolation from the vine. We need to pray. The Bible says that God will grant us whatever we ask because God wants us to bear fruit. • Cleansing. Branches do not bear fruit if they are lying down in the dirt. This is a truth that is often missed in the churches today. Too many Christians think that their service for Christ is not directly affected by the cleanness of their lifestyle. The Word of God cleans our lives by showing us where we are at fault.
  18. 18. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Vine and the Branches • The following are a few points that will help us understand what the church as the branches of the vine means for us: • Dependency. This is not just the concepts of “union” and “communion” (above), but also the fact that we cannot ear fruit in our own strength alone. We must be in fellowship with Him, but we must also be continually conscious that we depend on God as the strength in which we are to serve Him. • Zec4:6 – “’Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,’ says the LORD Almighty.” • Bearing fruit. This is not just the purpose of this figure but also the point of the entire Christian life. Too many Christians act like they believe that their purpose on earth is to either enjoy life, or to wait for death and heaven. However, God has left us here for a definite purpose, and this figure speaks to that purpose. This is not just “winning people to Christ” but is also using our lives as He wishes to further His Kingdom.
  19. 19. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Shepherd and the Sheep • CP – (The Shepherd and the Sheep) – Jo 10 • Ps 23 should have taught us that you cannot understand the relationship between God and His people without understanding the shepherd and His sheep. That is also true of Jo 10 and this picture of the church. • The following are a few points that will help us understand what the church as the sheep means for us: – The Shepherd owns the Sheep; – The Shepherd trusts the care of the sheep to Under-shepherds; – This requires leadership ability; – Shepherding involves the provision of food for the sheep; – Obedience to the Shepherd is required of the sheep.
  20. 20. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Stones in the Building • CP – (The Stones in the Building) – Ephesians 2:19-22 – “Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow-citizens with God’s people and members of God’s household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.” • The concept of the church as a building is seen throughout the New Testament. One of the common factors seen in the various explanations of this concept emphasises the foundation that is in Christ Jesus. On that foundation is being built a building known as the church. The figure helps us understand the church, but it is also very convicting. As poor material is reflected in a building, so poorly lived Christianity cannot be hidden from the sight of those who are watching, and wondering what this thing called “the church” is all about. What
  21. 21. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH • The Stones in the Building • The following are a few points that will help us understand what the church as a building means for us: • Christ is the uniting/determining factor of the building; • Christ is the foundation of the building; • The interdependency of the stones within the building. • The material from which it is built determines the beauty of the building.
  22. 22. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH Analogies of Christ and the Church * CHRIST CHURCH REF. TERMINOLOGY Head Body Co 1:18 “And He is the head of the body, the church” Corner- stone Temple Ep 2:20- 21 “… Christ Jesus Himself as the chief cornerstone” Beloved Virgin 2Co 11:2 “I promised you to one husband, to Christ, so that I might present you as a pure virgin to him.” Bride- groom Bride Re 21:9 “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.” Ruler (Implied) City Re 21:9- 10 “he … showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.” Owner People Ti 2:14 “… to purify for himself a people that are his very own.” * From H. Wayne House, Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992), p. 11
  23. 23. PICTURES OF THE CHURCH Analogies of Christ and the Church * CHRIST CHURCH REF. TERMINOLOGY Shepherd Flock 1Pe 5:2-4 “Be shepherds of God's flock …. And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown.” Firstborn House- hold Ep 2:19; Co 1:18 “… members of God's household …”; “… He is the beginning and the firstborn ….” Creator New Man Ep 2:15 “His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two ….” Founder (Implied) Chosen People 1Pe 2:9 “you are a chosen people … a holy nation, a people belonging to God” High Priest Royal Priest- hood He 4:14; 1Pe 2:9 “… we have a great high priest … Jesus the Son of God …”; “… a royal priesthood …” Heir Inherit- ance Ep 1:18 “… His glorious inheritance in the saints.” * From H. Wayne House, Charts of Christian Theology and Doctrine (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1992), p. 11
  24. 24. THE CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD • Various Aspects of the Kingdom of God • The Universal Kingdom. One aspect of “kingdom” is seen in a theme that runs through the Bible that maintains that God will establish His kingdom and that it will be a universal kingdom. But what is that kingdom and how does the church relate to it? Are the terms synonymous? • Ge 1:26-27 – “Then God said, ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.’ So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.” • 1 Chronicles 29:11 – “Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendour, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, O LORD, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all.” • Daniel 2:37 – “You, O king, are the king of kings. The God of
  25. 25. THE CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD • Various Aspects of the Kingdom of God • The Davidic/Messianic Kingdom. One of the things you must consider in the developing of your theology is whether or not God will at some time in the future restore the Davidic Kingdom. If so, what is the relation of the church to it? • 2Sa 7:12-16 – “When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom …. Your house and your kingdom shall endure for ever before me; your throne shall be established for ever.”
  26. 26. THE CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD • Various Aspects of the Kingdom of God • The Mystery form of the Kingdom. Christ did refer to the work He was doing as a mystery. Paul talked about the “mystery.” How do you take these concepts and relate them to the kingdom of God? • Mt 13:10-11 – “The disciples came to him and asked, ‘Why do you speak to the people in parables?’ He replied, ‘The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.’” • Colossians 1:25-27 – “I have become its servant by the commission God gave me to present to you the word of God in its fullness-- the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints. To them God has chosen to make known among the Gentiles the glorious riches of this mystery, which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” • Ephesians 3:3-7 – “… that is, the mystery made known to me
  27. 27. THE CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD • Various Aspects of the Kingdom of God • The Spiritual Kingdom. That there is a spiritual kingdom of God seems certain. But is hat the only aspect of the kingdom? Any time you find “kingdom” in the Bible can you equate it with a spiritual relationship with God and thus fulfil all that is intended in a particular passage? How does it relate to the church? • Colossians 1:13 – “For he has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the Son he loves ….”
  28. 28. THE CHURCH AND THE KINGDOM OF GOD • The Church and the Kingdom • The Spiritual Kingdom. That there is a spiritual kingdom of God seems certain. But is hat the only aspect of the kingdom? Any time you find “kingdom” in the Bible can you equate it with a spiritual relationship with God and thus fulfil all that is intended in a particular passage? How does it relate to the church? • George Ladd contends that the kingdom of God is the reign of God and the church is part of the people under His rule. He lists five basic points concerning the relationship between the kingdom of God and the church: • The church is not the kingdom; • The kingdom creates the church; • The church witnesses to the kingdom; • The church is the instrument of the kingdom; • The church is the custodian of the kingdom. “… wherever His will is done.” Universe In Heaven Angels On Earth Israel  Church Fig. 2 The Kingdom of God
  29. 29. THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH • The church started at Pentecost. Consider the following: • The Lord said it was future. • Mt 16:18 – “And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.” • The church could not start as a body without a head and that required the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. • Ephesians 1:20 – “which he exerted in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly realms ….” • The church could not be a functioning organism without possessing the gifts, which were not given until after the ascension. • Ephesians 4:7-12 – “But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it. This is why it says: ‘When he ascended on high, he led captives in his train and gave gifts to men.’ (What does ‘he ascended’ mean except that he also
  30. 30. THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH • The church started at Pentecost. Consider the following: • The point of the mystery. Paul calls the church “the mystery.” That means that which was not completely revealed beforehand. It is the fact that God is taking some out from among the Jews and some out from among the Gentiles and putting them together in a new thing--”the church.” • Ephesians 3:4-6 – “… the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to men in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets. This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.” • Colossians 1:26 – “… the mystery that has been kept hidden for ages and generations, but is now disclosed to the saints.”
  31. 31. THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH • The Church and Israel. So what of the fact that in the Old Testament the people of God were represented by the children of Israel (and those aliens who chose to join them)? Does that mean there is forever a difference between “New Testament Christians” and “Old Testament Saints”? The Bible doesn’t teach that. In fact, the Bible speaks of a new people being formed, made up of those saved in both the Old Testament and in the New Testament. The Children of Israel have been united with the nations to form the church--the body of Christ.
  32. 32. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. There have been basically three different types of church government that have been developed over the past 2000 years since the ascension of Christ. Interestingly enough, each of these views has support in Scripture.
  33. 33. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. – Episcopal. This emphasises some form of superior clergy [Bishop, etc] and entrusts to them the guarding of the truth and the final authority. – Presbyterian. This is a position between the episcopal and the congregational. It sees the authority placed in a group of selected individuals who make up a governing body, normally both laymen and clergy, sometimes called the “synod.“ – Congregational. This believes that the final authority rests in the local congregation of a given church. The organisational structure of the early New Testament church is not a clear as we might like it to be, nor even as we may have a tendency to maintain that it teaches. This probably is a message from God that organisation is not the most important thing. Not that it is unimportant, but that there are other things God also wants us to be concerned about.
  34. 34. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH Forms of Church Government Form Adherents Authority Basis Episcopal Roman Catholic Bishops Ac 6:6 Orthodox Ac 14:23 Episcopal Ga 1:19 Lutheran Ga 2:9 Methodist Presbyterian Presbyterian Elders Ac 20:17 Reformed 1Ti 5:17 Ti 1:5 Congregational Baptist Congregation Ac 15:12, 22-25 Mennonite Co 1:18 Evangelical Free 1Pe 2:9 Congregational
  35. 35. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. • Here are some examples of how the church functioned in the New Testament: • Ac The congregation in Jerusalem chose leaders who were responsible to meet the specific needs of each ethnic group in the church. However, notice that it was the apostles who prayed for them. • Ac 1 The story of how the congregation of the local church at Antioch chose from their own midst those who were sent out the preach the gospel to those who were lost.
  36. 36. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. • Here are some examples of how the church functioned in the New Testament: • 1Co The story of how the local church at Corinth was called upon by Paul to exercise discipline upon one of its members who was failing to live a Biblical lifestyle. • Four Aspects of Congregational Church Government • Authority. Where does authority lie? Some say, “with the Lord.” True, but how do you know that? How does that get implemented in the local assembly? Somebody has to say, “This is the way the Lord is leading.” • Do we emphasise prayer and Bible study in preparation for the decisions that come before the congregation? How do you determine the will of the Lord? Is there not a responsibility to members within the local body to be concerned wit, give encouragement to, and confirm the will of the Lord to another member o of the body?
  37. 37. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. • Here are some examples of how the church functioned in the New Testament: • 1Co The story of how the local church at Corinth was called upon by Paul to exercise discipline upon one of its members who was failing to live a Biblical lifestyle. • Four Aspects of Congregational Church Government • Autonomy. Each local church is “autonomous.” This does not deny the importance of a fellowship affiliation with other churches like the Baptist Conference of the Philippines, but it does say that the “denomination” cannot dictate to the local church what it must do. • Delegation. Unless you are going to call a business meeting every time you need to buy a ballpen how do you handle the question of autonomy? The local congregation can delegate to elected and called leadership certain responsibilities. However, the big question is “How many responsibilities will be
  38. 38. THE ORGANIZATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Government. • Here are some examples of how the church functioned in the New Testament: • 1Co The story of how the local church at Corinth was called upon by Paul to exercise discipline upon one of its members who was failing to live a Biblical lifestyle. • Four Aspects of Congregational Church Government • Fellowship. The importance of fellowship within the local church is readily recognised, but there is a tendency to discount the importance of fellowship between churches that are in agreement. This is why it is right and important for there to be denominations. While some may say that there should only be one big, broad fellowship of all existing churches that claim to be Christian, that fails to recognise differences in belief. It is important, however, to be joined together with other churches who believe the same things that you do, for there is strength in such relationships that cannot be achieved otherwise.
  39. 39. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers – Evangelical churches commonly identify only two offices of the church, namely • deacon and • elder. They derive these offices from an examination of 1Ti 3:1-13 and Titus 1:5- However, I think there is scriptural warrant for proposing a third office, namely that of • widow. The passage for this office is 1Ti 5:9-1 We will examine these offices, and their respective scriptures and qualifications.
  40. 40. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • Words. The New Testament uses two different words to signify the office of elder, namely presbutevron (presbuteron) and ejpivskopo" (episkopos). The term presbutevron is used seventeen times to identify those who have leadership in the church. ejpivskopo" is used seven times. These words have been translated several ways, the most common being “bishop,” “overseer,” and “elder.” The terms “bishop/overseer” and “elder” are often equated. It is also important to notice that while there are two separate forms for presbutevron (masculine and feminine) there is only on form for ejpivskopo" (masculine). As a result there is some possible gender distinction in this office.
  41. 41. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • Their Qualifications. Study the following Scripture passages and develop a clear understanding of the qualifications that are declared to be identifying characteristics of those who are put into this office in the local church. Remember, the Bible determines doctrine and the Bible should be the guidebook for establishing the officers in the local church. They should not be chosen on the basis of popularity or the result of “Those who are not willing to say, ‘No.’”
  42. 42. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • The qualifications for elder are laid out in 1Ti 3:1-7 and Titus 1:5- An elder is to “be above reproach, the husband of but one wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money . . . [able to] manage his own family well and see that his children obey him with proper respect . . . not be a recent convert . . . have a good reputation with outsiders ….” He must also be “not overbearing, not quick- tempered . . . not pursuing dishonest gain . . . hospitable, one who loves what is good . . . upright, holy and disciplined. He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message . . . encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it.”
  43. 43. The Organisation of the Church Fig. Qualifications for Elder (Pastor, Bishop) Scripture: 1Ti 3:1-7; Titus 1:5-9 Self-controlled Upright. Holy Not Overbearing Hospitable Disciplined Not Quick Tempered Able to teach Above Reproach Loves what is Good Not Violent but Gentle Temperate Children Obey Him Not Quarrelsome Respectable Not into Dishonest Gain Husband of One Wife Not a Drunk Holds the Great Truths Not Lover of Money Good Outside Reputation Not Recent Convert Good Family Manager
  44. 44. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • As we saw above, elders are also required to be the “husband of one wife.” There is some debate as to the interpretation of this phrase; does it mean that he can only be married once (i.e. not widowed or divorced), that he must be married while he is serving as elder, or that he must simply be a one-woman man? The phrase in the Greek is mia'" gunaiko;" a[ndra. This relates to our discussion in this way: If this office were not gender restrictive, would Paul have used this phrase to describe monogamy? In 1Ti 5: 9, where he is describing widows, Paul says those women who hold the office of widow are also to have only one husband. Since Paul uses the masculine form in 1Ti 3:2 and the feminine form in 1Ti 5:9, one can argue these offices are gender restrictive, but require the office holder to either be married or to have been married at one time. • CP – 1Ti 3:1-7 – “[T]he overseer must be above reproach, the
  45. 45. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • CP – Titus 1:5-9 – “An elder must be blameless, the husband of but one wife, a man whose children believe and are not open to the charge of being wild and disobedient …. he must be blameless--not overbearing, not quick-tempered, not given to drunkenness, not violent, not pursuing dishonest gain. Rather he must be hospitable, one who loves what is good, who is self-controlled, upright, holy and disciplined. He must hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught ….”
  46. 46. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • Their Selection. I am not sure that the final word has been said about the Biblical process of the selection of those who claim this office. I would suggest that the following must be a part of what is involved in the life of the person who claims to be a “pastor.” • Called of God. The two passages noted above obviously teach that God is involved in the selection of the person for this office. But they should also be seen in comparison with Ephesians 4:7-16, with special attention given to verse I also think it is essential to try to discover the Biblical balance between the responsibility of human commitment, and the place that sovereign divine “call” fits into this picture. There is still truth in the statement of Spurgeon, “If God has called you to preach the gospel, don’t stoop to be a king.”
  47. 47. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • Personally Responsive. This is reflected in the statements made above. You cannot escape the responsibility of response to God’s call. Read Ezekiel 33 in connection with this concern. • Ezekiel 33 – “Son of man, I have made you a watchman for the house of Israel; so hear the word I speak and give them warning from me. When I say to the wicked, ‘O wicked man, you will surely die,’ and you do not speak out to dissuade him from his ways, that wicked man will die for his sin, and I will hold you accountable for his blood. But if you do warn the wicked man to turn from his ways and he does not do so, he will die for his sin, but you will be saved yourself.”
  48. 48. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • By human choice. Here I am not looking at the human response of the “officer” so much as the recognition by others in the church that God has called and that person is qualified. As Baptists we do not believe in the Episcopalian form of church government in which a Bishop makes the choice and sends the pastor to the local church. What do people who know you think about your consideration of this office? What does a local congregation feel about the possibility of your becoming their pastor?
  49. 49. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Elder/Pastor/Bishop (see Fig. 4, below) • Their Ordination. With the emphasis that is increasingly made today for the equality of the “clergy and the laity,” there comes the possibility of missing something the God seems to emphasise in the Scripture. Ordination is not the imposition of power by human means, nor it is just a politically wise thing to do, but it is not unbiblical for there to be human recognition of what God has done. If it is biblical and right, then work on understanding how the total ordination experience can be most meaningful to all who are involved. • Titus 1:5 – “The reason I left you in Crete was that you might straighten out what was left unfinished and appoint [ordain] elders in every town, as I directed you.”
  50. 50. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • Having looked at the office of elder, we now move on to the next office, namely that of deacon. • Words. The word “deacon” comes from the Greek word diavkono" and means simply “a servant, waiting man.” It is important to realise that “deacon” is a gender-neutral word--that is, there is no warrant for translating it “deacon” and “deaconess.” It is similar to the English word “teacher.” Thus, the very word itself does not provide the grounds for any gender differentiation. Of the thirty-two times this word is used in the New Testament, twenty-four of them refer to people. Only eight of these references can be specifically tied to men. All the rest either refer specifically to women (eight times) or to people of both genders (seven times). Two times it refers to the office of ‘deacon.’
  51. 51. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • The qualifications for deacons are laid out in 1Ti 3:8-1 Deacons are to be “men worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much wine, and not pursuing dishonest gain. They must keep hold of the deep truths of the faith with a clear conscience. They must first be tested; and then if there is nothing against them, let them serve as deacons . . . [They must also be] the husband of but one wife and must manage [their] children and [their] household[s] well.” • A quick reading of this passage in English seems to imply that this office is restricted to men only. Not only does the passage refer to deacons being the husband of one wife (something which a woman cannot be), it also seems to refer to the wives that deacons must have. However, examination of the Greek in verses 8 and 11 tells us differently.
  52. 52. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • The NIV translates verse 8 in this way: “Deacons, likewise, are to be men worthy of respect .…” This translation is wrong. The word ‘man’ is not in the original Greek. Rather, the verse should read “Deacons in the same way <be> worthy of respect .…” As can be plainly seen, this verse does not relate gender with office. • The NIV translates verse 11 as follows: “In the same way, their [i.e. deacons’] wives are to be women worthy of respect, not malicious talkers but temperate and trustworthy in everything.” The KJV translates it thus: “Even so must their [i.e. deacons’] wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.” Both of these translations are wrong. This verse could be translated as follows: “Women in the same way <be> worthy of respect, not slanderous, not intoxicated, <but be> faithful in all things.” Thus, this verse also does not relate gender with
  53. 53. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • Now that we have corrected these translational errors, it is plain to see that women were clearly permitted within the office of deacons. While one qualification for deacon is being the “husband of one wife,” the verse that follows also identifies the fact that there were women who were worthy of the office. However, even if the inclusion of women in this office is disallowed, the fact remains that deacons, if they are male, are to be the “husband[s] of one wife.” Therefore, a woman does enter the picture by being a part of the team.
  54. 54. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • Their Qualifications. Study the following Scripture passages and develop and clear understanding of the qualifications that are declared to be identifying characteristics of those who are put into this office in the local church. Remember, the Bible determines doctrine and the Bible should be the guidebook for establishing the officers in the local church. They should not be chosen on the basis of popularity or the result of “Those who are not willing to say, ‘No.’”
  55. 55. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • CP – 1Ti 3:8-13 – “Deacons, likewise, are to be men worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much wine, and not pursuing dishonest gain. They must keep hold of the deep truths of the faith with a clear conscience. They must first be tested; and then if there is nothing against them, let them serve as deacons. In the same way, women are to be women worthy of respect, not malicious talkers but temperate and trustworthy in everything. A deacon must be the husband of but one wife and must manage his children and his household well. Those who have served well gain an excellent standing and great assurance in their faith in Christ Jesus.”
  56. 56. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • Their Selection. Having identified those who are qualified for the office, how do you “get them into that office?” The Bible seems to indicate a two-fold process, seen in two words, selection and appointment. Carefully study Ac 6:1-7 and you will see that the choice or selection was the responsibility of the local congregation, though under the direction of the leaders. It involved prayer, careful consideration of qualifications, and then choice.
  57. 57. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) • Their Appointment. There seems to be more than just a change of job responsibilities in the “turn this responsibility over to” of Ac 6:3 (NIV). It is the same word used in Titus 1:5, “ordain elders in every city” and He 5:1; 8:3 of the appointment of the priests to their office. Therefore it seems that there was some kind of official placement into the office for which they had been chosen. I think this is one of the things we have a tendency to miss in the local church today. We have e business meeting, elect deacons, and then expect them to get to work, without further recognition, or involvement of the congregation. I encourage you to give some thought to how you can implement this “appointment” or “ordaining” to office. It might make the office more significant both in the minds of the deacons as well as the congregation.
  58. 58. Church Officers Deacons (see Fig. 5, below) Their Responsibility. One thing is very clear in the Ac 6 passage; that is the appointment of the “deacons” to meet a specific situation. I would translate verse 3 as “whom we will appoint over this specific need.” There was a particular part of the ministry of the local church that was not functioning as efficiently as it should. Therefore, the apostles took steps to try to see to it that this ministry was also being met. These first deacons were chosen to minister specifically in that area. It is therefore important as we chose deacons for our churches that they also be chosen to meet specific needs within the church. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH
  59. 59. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH Fig. Qualifications for Deacons Scripture: 1Ti 3:8-13; Ac 6:3,5 Above Reproach Good Family Manager Husband of One Wife Children Obey Him Temperate Not into Dishonest Gain Respectable Holds the Great Truths Not a Drunk Sincere Tested
  60. 60. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Widows (see Fig. 6, below) • We have examined the offices of elder and deacon. However, we have one more office to examine, namely the office of widow. • Scripture. There are three passages that describe the role widows played in the early church. • Lu 2:36-3 tells the story of Anna, the woman who blessed Jesus when he was brought to the temple in Jerusalem. Anna is portrayed as the epitome of the widow--“She never left the temple but worshipped night and day, fasting and praying” (italics added). • Ac 6: tells us that there were a lot of widows in the early church--so many that the Apostles had to inaugurate the office of deacon to take care of the distribution of food to them.
  61. 61. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Widows (see Fig. 6, below) • 1Ti 5:3-1 By far the most important passage dealing with the ministry of widows is found in 1Ti 5:3-1 Here we read that there are two kinds of widows: The one who puts her “hope in God and continue[s] night and day to pray and to ask God for help” and the “widow who lives for pleasure.” • In verse nine Paul begins describing a third office of the church, namely the office of widows. Paul is saying that there are certain widows whom the church should help, namely those who are serving God in some tangible way. Note that the immediate context supports the fact that ministry roles are being discussed: the support of elders is described in the following verses.
  62. 62. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Widows (see Fig. 6, below) • Qualifications. The qualifications for widows are given in 1Ti 5:9-1 A widow must be over sixty years of age, she must have been faithful to her husband, and she must be well known for good deeds such as “bringing up children, showing hospitality, washing the feet of the saints, helping those in trouble and devoting herself to all kinds of good deeds.” She also must not be young and she must pledge her dedication to God by vowing not to remarry. • There is some evidence that the early church interpreted these passages as pointing to the ministry women should have in the church.
  63. 63. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH Qualifications for Widows Scripture: 1Ti 5:3-16 Over 60 years old Known for Good Deeds: Was faithful to husband Raising children Cannot Remarry Showing Hospitality Not Idle Washing feet of saints Not a Gossip Helping those in trouble Not a Busybody Devoted to Good Deeds Relies on God for help
  64. 64. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Membership is a very important issue in the church today. People want to know, “Do I have to be a member of a local church?” “Are there any qualifications for membership in a local church?” and more. While the New Testament does not directly command membership in a local church, it implies membership that we should be members in the local church. Look carefully at the following two verses: • Ac 2:41,47 – “Those who accepted his message were baptised, and about three thousand were added to their number that day .… praising God and enjoying the favour of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.”
  65. 65. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • In verse 41 it says: “three thousand were added to their number” • In verse 47 it says: “the Lord added to their number” • You cannot tell numbers if you do not count. There was an identified group of people in the early church. First, 500, then another 3000, and then 5000. The implication is that this was not just a number of converts, but that they were recognised as a part of the church, and it seems to me that was the local church in Jerusalem, not just the universal church.
  66. 66. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Here are a few implications of church membership: • There are No Indications of Non-members. In fact, the Bible even tells us that we must meet together for encouragement. It is important that you build your doctrine on the teaching of Scripture, not on observation or experience today. We live in a day when it is popular and acceptable to be a Christian, participate in the services and ministry of the local church, without membership in that local church. I do not think that you can substantiate that biblically. I find no indication in the Bible that this condition existed anywhere in the local churches. • He 10:25 – “Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another--and all the more as you see the Day approaching.” • Regenerate Church Membership. If Christ died to redeem lost sinners and those who receive His work on their behalf are a
  67. 67. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Immersion Precedes Membership. We will discuss immersion further below, however, it is important for us to say here that the New Testament teaches that the new birth is to precede immersion and that immersion is to precede membership. • Ac 2:41 – “Those who accepted his message were baptised, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.” • Ac 8:36-38 – “As they travelled along the road, they came to some water and the eunuch said, "Look, here is water. Why shouldn’t I be baptised?" And he gave orders to stop the chariot. Then both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water and Philip baptised him.”
  68. 68. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Spiritual Gifts are for the Local Church. Do not let the “charismatic controversy” keep you from seeing the importance, identification, and ministry of the gifts that God sovereignly gives to members of His body. But at this point consider the fact that the existence of those gifts and the fact that they are to recognised and exercised in a local church context strongly implies that the Christian so gifted must be a member of that local congregation. • 1Co 12 – “Now about spiritual gifts …. to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good …. The body is a unit, though it is made up of many parts; and though all its parts are many, they form one body …. For we were all baptised by one Spirit into one body--whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free--and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. Now the body is not made up of one part but of many …. The eye
  69. 69. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Unity of the Church Requires Membership. That God desires unity among the members of His body cannot be denied. Certainly, He establishes a unity in the universal church. Whether or not that can be seen may be debatable, but it cannot be legislated. That there should be unity in the local church is also obvious, but you cannot discipline to unity those who are not members of that local church. • Ephesians 1:1; 4:1-3,13 – “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints in Ephesus, the faithful in Christ Jesus .… As a prisoner for the Lord, then, I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received. Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace …. until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to
  70. 70. THE ORGANISATION OF THE CHURCH • Church Officers • Members • Church Discipline Demands Local Membership. The Bible clearly teaches the fact and importance of discipline in the local church. However, you cannot discipline those who are not members of the local church. They are technically not answerable to anyone except God. The command to discipline demands an organisational relationship that makes this possible.
  71. 71. CHURCH PRACTICES • Pictures of Salvation. The church gathers together to observe two pictures of salvation – Immersion and the Lord’s Table. • Lord’s Table. Christ instituted the Lord’s Table for commemoration of His death. It is a memorial only – Christ is not present in the elements either literally or spiritually. It is to be observed and administered until the return of the Lord Jesus Christ. • 1Co 11:24,25 – “[W]hen [Jesus] had given thanks, he broke it and said, ‘This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.’ In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.’”
  72. 72. CHURCH PRACTICES • Pictures of Salvation. • Immersion. The total immersion of a believer in water in the name of the triune God pictures the death, burial, and resurrection of the believer with Christ. Even though immersion in water has no salvific effect upon the believer, it was the primary means by which people in the New Testament declared their repentance. • Ro6:1-4 – “What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning, so that grace may increase? By no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptised into Christ Jesus were baptised into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.” • See also Ac 2:38; Ac 8:12,13,16,36-38; 10:47-4
  73. 73. CHURCH PRACTICES • Ordination. We looked at ordination above. Suffice it to say, it is the local church’s responsibility to select and recognise the spirit’s calling upon pastors and other church leaders. The ultimate form of this recognition is the ordination service, whereby the church sets apart certain people for the ministry of God.
  74. 74. CHURCH PRACTICES • Cooperation with others. Since each local church is independent, they also have the ability to cooperate with other churches in various associations such as conferences and crusades. This biblically-based practice is one of the best ways of promoting the cause of Christ because it exhibits the unity of the family of God. The basis of cooperation should be the same test as that for spirits in 1 Jo 4:1-3 – “Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.” • Mk 9:38-41 – “’No-one who does a miracle in my name can in the next moment say anything bad about me, for whoever is not against us is for us. I tell you the truth, anyone who gives you a cup of water in my name because you belong to Christ will certainly not lose his reward.” • 2Co 8:19 – “What is more, he was chosen by the churches to accompany us as we carry the offering, which we administer in order to honour the Lord himself and to show our eagerness to
  75. 75. CHURCH PRACTICES • Religious Liberty. Every human being has direct relations with God and is responsible to God alone in all matters of faith – no mediator other than Jesus is needed. Since humans are responsible to God alone, they cannot be forced into Christianity. The call to repentance implies that humans must be free to change their lives in accordance with God’s law. The importance of this responsibility is illustrated in an instruction to those with the gift of prophecy. Not only are prophets to use self-control when exercising their gift, they are also to realise that the prophecy does not control them, they control the prophecy! They are free to prophesy or not, as they alone decide! • 1Ti 2:5 – “For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus ….” • 1Co 14:32 – “The spirits of prophets are subject to the control of prophets.”
  76. 76. CHURCH PRACTICES • Each church must also be independent and must be free from interference by any ecclesiastical or political authority. This means that there must be a clear distinction between Church and State. • Ac 4:13-20 – “Judge for yourselves whether it is right in God’s sight to obey you rather than God. For we cannot help speaking about what we have seen and heard.” • Mt 22:21 – “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.”
  77. 77. CHURCH PRACTICES • Raising Funds. The Scriptural method of raising funds for the church is by means of the tithe and freewill offerings. • Ex 35:5 – “From what you have, take an offering for the LORD. Everyone who is willing is to bring to the LORD an offering of gold, silver and bronze ….” • 1Co 16:2 – “On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.” • See also Mt 23:23; 2Co 9:6-15; Ac 4:32-37

×