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Seats thailand understanding jesus - mark

PPT for a class conducted in Tapua Pa, Thailand in January 2020. Topics include basic Bible interpretation and seeing how the word "gospel" is a political statement.

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Seats thailand understanding jesus - mark

  1. 1. Understanding Jesus Gospel of Mark This class will examine how we view Jesus Christ and how that view can be reconciled with the biblical presentation of who Jesus is. How can I bring a biblical understanding of Christ into my ministry?
  2. 2. • Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  3. 3. Basic Outline of The Gospel of Mark 1. Who is Jesus? Mark 1-8 2. What did Jesus come to do? Mark 9-16
  4. 4. Mark 1:1 • “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” • “Αρχὴ τοῦ εὐαγγελίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ [υἱοῦ θεοῦ].”
  5. 5. Questions • What is the Good News? – What is the good news for your life? – What is the good news for our society? • Why is there no Christmas story in Mark? • Do they believe that Jesus is human? When? • Do they believe that Jesus is God? When?
  6. 6. evangelion “The term has recently been translated as ‘good news.’ That sounds attractive, but it falls far short of the order of magnitude of what is actually meant by the word evangelion. This term figures in the vocabulary of the Roman emperors, who understood themselves as lords, saviors, & redeemers of the world…. The idea was that what comes from the emperor is a saving message, that it is not just a piece of news, but a changing of the world for the better.
  7. 7. evangelion “When the Evangelists adopt this word, & it thereby becomes the generic name for their writings, what they mean to tell us is this: What the emperors, who pretend to be gods, illegitimately claim, really occurs here – a message endowed with plenary authority, a message that is not just talk but reality…. the Gospel is not just informative speech, but performative speech – not just the imparting of information, but action, efficacious power that enters into the world to save & transform. Mark speaks of the ‘Gospel of God,’ the point being that it is not the emperors who can save the world, but God. And it is here that God’s word, which is at once word & deed, appears; it is here that what the emperors merely assert, but cannot actually perform, truly takes place. For here it is the real Lord of the world – the Living God – who goes into action. “The core of the Gospel is this: The Kingdom of God is at hand.” - Pope Benedict XVI, from Jesus of Nazareth, pgs. 46-47.
  8. 8. Nature of Narrative 1.A narrative usually does not directly teach a doctrine. 2.A narrative usually illustrates a doctrine taught explicitly elsewhere. 3.Narratives record what happened—not necessarily what should/ought to have happened. Therefore, not every narrative has an individual, identifiable moral of the story. 4.What people do in narratives is not necessarily a good example for us. Many times, it is just the opposite. 5.Most characters (& their actions) in narratives are not perfect. 6.We are not always told at the end of a narrative whether what happened was good or bad. We judge that on the basis of what God has taught us directly elsewhere in Scripture.
  9. 9. Nature of Narrative (cont'd) 7. All narratives are selective & incomplete (cf. John 21:25). What does appear in the narrative is everything that the inspired author thought important for us to know. 8. Narratives are not written to answer all our theological questions. They have particular specific limited purposes & deal with certain issues, leaving others to be dealt with elsewhere. 9. Narratives may teach either explicitly (by clearly stating something) or implicitly (by clearly implying something w/out actually stating it). 10.In the final analysis, God is the hero of all biblical narratives. Adapted from Gordon D. Fee & Douglas Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth: A Guide to Understanding the Bible, 2nd ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993), 83-84.
  10. 10. Parable Principles A parable is a story that compares one or more characters in order to better illustrate its point. Themes of the Parables. 1. Jesus clearly has 3 main topics of interest: The graciousness of God, the demands of discipleship, & the dangers of disobedience. 2. The central theme of the parables is the Kingdom of God. The Kingdom of God is the active power of God’s personal revelation of himself in creating a human community of those who serve Jesus in every area of their lives. The following principles should help you to avoid obvious errors in interpretation whenever you seek to exegete parables. •Adapted from Craig L. Blomberg, Interpreting the Parables, (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1990), 165-167, 325-327.
  11. 11. Parable Principles 1. Every parable of Jesus contains certain parts which point to a second level of meaning & other parts which do not. • Not all the details of a story need to have a hidden meaning. In Jesus’ parables, only the major points have a hidden meaning, but that hidden meaning is not hard to find. •Adapted from Craig L. Blomberg, Interpreting the Parables, (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1990), 165- 167, 325-327.
  12. 12. Parable Principles 2. The meanings we give to the details must relate to, & be understandable by, the original audience. • One early interpretation of the Good Samaritan had the innkeeper standing for the Apostle Paul. However, Paul was at that time unknown, & therefore would not have been understood by the original audience. •Adapted from Craig L. Blomberg, Interpreting the Parables, (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1990), 165- 167, 325-327.
  13. 13. Parable Principles 3.While the parables do present a largely lifelike portrayal of 1st -century Palestinian Judaism, key details in them are surprisingly unrealistic & serve to point out an allegorical level of meaning. a) In the parable of the Great Supper (Lu 14:16-24) is a good illustration of this point. There are many elements which are unbelievable: • All of the wedding guests refuse to come – & use excuses that aren’t really excuses. • The host invites the poor & handicapped to his wedding as replacements. •Adapted from Craig L. Blomberg, Interpreting the Parables, (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1990), 165- 167, 325-327.
  14. 14. Bible Project Video on Gospel
  15. 15. INTERPRETING THE GOSPELS •What is the good news?
  16. 16. The Gospel is news • The Gospel is news rather than instructions. • The Gospel is news of what God has done to accomplish salvation through Jesus Christ in history. • Its not advice on what we must do to reach God.
  17. 17. The Gospel is grace • GOSPEL: I am accepted through Christ therefore I obey. • RELIGION: I obey therefore I am accepted. • Lack of deep belief in the Gospel is the main cause of spiritual deadness, fear and pride in the hearts of Christians.
  18. 18. The Gospel is reversal • Christ wins our salvation through losing, achieves power through weakness and service and comes to wealth by giving it away. • It is the pattern of an alternate city (Matthew 5:14-16)
  19. 19. The power of the Gospel • Galatians 2:14 – “But when I saw that their conduct was not in step with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you force the Gentiles to live like Jews?” – Bringing the Gospel truth to bear on every area of life is the way to be changed by the power of God. • Romans 1:16: the power of God to save. • 1 Peter 1:12: angels long to look into it.
  20. 20. The power of the Gospel • It is the power of God (Ro 1:16) • It is the blessing of God (1Co 9:23) • It is the glory of God (2Co 4:4,6) • It is the life of God (Col 1:6)
  21. 21. The sufficiency of the Gospel • The Gospel is not the first step on a series of spiritual truth from simple to something more advance. • It is not the minimum doctrine to enter the kingdom but rather the way we make advance in the kingdom.
  22. 22. The sufficiency of the Gospel • We are not justified by the Gospel and sanctified by our obedience. • The Gospel is the way we grow (Gal. 3:1-3) and are renewed (Col. 1:16).
  23. 23. Two Thieves • Religion: I obey therefore I am accepted • Irreligion: I am fully accepted no matter what so I can do whatever I choose.
  24. 24. Two Thieves • Religion stresses truth without grace. • Irreligion stresses grace without truth. • Jesus is full of truth and grace!
  25. 25. Moralism / Religion • Moralism is the view that you are acceptable (to God, yourself, world, others) through your attainments. • Moralists emphasize rules and conservatism. • Moralists are deeply religious but are not transformed individuals. Relativism / Irreligion • Also called liberals. • They see the need to determine what is right and wrong. • They see God as an impersonal force who is loving and cannot punish evil. • They don’t think or see themselves as sinners. • They are both ways to avoid Jesus as Savior, and to keep control of their lives. • They are both based on the distorted view of the real God. • They both deny our sin --- so lose the joy and power of grace. Common Points
  26. 26. A WHOLE NEW WAY OF SEEING GOD • Christianity is NOT fundamentally an invitation to get more religious. • The irreligious do not repent at all, the religious repent only of their sins BUT the Christian repents both of his sins and of his righteousness apart from Jesus Christ.
  27. 27. Matthew Chapter 1 • Find all the names of the women in genealogy. – Tamar, Ruth, “wife of Uriah” (Bathsheeba), Mary • What were their background? • Why are they included in the genealogy of Christ?
  28. 28. What do I learn about … Interpretation Grid Father Sin Discipleship Son Salvation Church Holy Spirit End Ethics
  29. 29. OUTLINE OF MARK’S GOSPEL3 1.The Beginnings of Jesus’ Ministry (1:1–13) A. His Forerunner (1:1–8) B. His Baptism (1:9–11) C. His Temptation (1:12–13) 2.Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee (1:14—6:29) A. Early Galilean Ministry (1:14—3:12) a. Call of the first disciples (1:14–20) b. Miracles in Capernaum (1:21–34) c. Preaching and healing in Galilee (1:35–45) d. Ministry in Capernaum (2:1–22) e. Sabbath controversy (2:23—3:12) 3 © Zondervan. From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. Used with Permission.
  30. 30. OUTLINE OF MARK’S GOSPEL3 B. Later Galilean Ministry (3:13—6:29) a. Choosing the 12 apostles (3:13–19) b. Teachings in Capernaum (3:20–35) c. Parables of the kingdom (4:1–34) d. Calming the Sea of Galilee (4:35–41) e. Healing a demon-possessed man (5:1–20) f. More Galilean miracles (5:21–43) g. Unbelief in Jesus’ hometown (6:1–6) h. Six apostolic teams preach and heal in Galilee (6:7– 13) i. King Herod’s reaction to Jesus’ ministry (6:14–29) 3.Strategic Withdrawals from Galilee (6:30—9:29) A. To the Eastern Shore of the Sea of Galilee (6:30–52)3 © Zondervan. From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. Used with Permission.
  31. 31. OUTLINE OF MARK’S GOSPEL3 B. To the Western Shore of the Sea (6:53—7:23) C. To Syrian Phoenicia (7:24–30) D. To the Region of the Decapolis (7:31-8:10) 5.To the Vicinity of Caesarea Philippi (8:11–30) 6.To the Mount of Transfiguration (8:31—9:29) 4.Final Ministry in Galilee (9:30–50) 5.Jesus’ Ministry in Judea and Perea (ch. 10) A. Teaching concerning Divorce (10:1–12) B. Teaching concerning Children (10:13–16) C. The Rich Young Man (10:17–31) 3 © Zondervan. From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. Used with Permission.
  32. 32. OUTLINE OF MARK’S GOSPEL3 D. A Request of Two Brothers (10:32–45) E. Restoration of Bartimaeus’s Sight (10:46–52) 6.The Passion of Jesus (chs. 11–15) a. The Triumphal Entry (11:1–11) b. The Clearing of the Temple (11:12–19) c. Concluding Controversies with Jewish Leaders (11:20— 12:44) d. Signs of the End of the Age (ch. 13) e. The Anointing of Jesus (14:1–11) f. The Lord’s Supper (14:12–26) g. The Arrest, Trial and Death of Jesus (14:27—15:47) 7.The Resurrection of Jesus (ch. 16) 3 © Zondervan. From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. Used with Permission.
  33. 33. Incarnation Adapted from Michael Frost (2006), Exiles: Living Missionally in a Post-Christian Culture (Baker Books).
  34. 34. Special Revelation: The Incarnation • Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” • How did this happen? • There are 4 ways we can understand the Incarnation of God in Jesus Christ.
  35. 35. Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  36. 36. Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  37. 37. Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  38. 38. Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  39. 39. • In Jesus the eternal God is fully present with us. • He is God & not just a representative of God. Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  40. 40. Mark 8:27-30 – “Then Jesus & his disciples went to the villages around Caesarea Philippi. On the way he asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say I am?’ They answered him, ‘Some say you are John the Baptizer, others Elijah, still others one of the prophets.’ He asked them, ‘But who do you say I am?’ Peter answered him, ‘You are the Messiah!’” John 1:1-2,14 – “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God…. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.”
  41. 41. Acts as God: Calls Men Mk 1:16-20 – “As he was going along the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon & his brother Andrew. They were throwing a net into the sea because they were fishermen. Jesus said to them, "Come, follow me! I will teach you how to catch people instead of fish.” They immediately left their nets & followed him. As Jesus went on a little farther, he saw James & John, the sons of Zebedee. They were in a boat preparing their nets to go fishing. He immediately called them, & they left their father Zebedee & the hired men in the boat & followed Jesus.”
  42. 42. Acts as God: Teaches with Authority Mk 1:22 – “The people were amazed at his teachings. Unlike their scribes, he taught them with authority.” Acts as God: Cleanses Lepers Mk 1:40-44 – “Then a man with a serious skin disease came to him. The man fell to his knees & begged Jesus, "If you're willing, you can make me clean.” Jesus felt sorry for him, reached out, touched him, & said, "I'm willing. So be clean!” Immediately, his skin disease went away, & he was clean. Jesus sent him away at once & warned him, “Don't tell anyone about this! Instead, show yourself to the priest. Then offer the sacrifices which Moses commanded as proof to people that you are clean.”
  43. 43. • Mark 1:1 This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God. • Mark 3:11 Whenever people with evil spirits saw him, they would fall down in front of him & shout, "You are the Son of God!” • Mark 5:7 & shouted, "Why are you bothering me now, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? Swear to God that you won't torture me.” • Mark 15:39 When the officer who stood facing Jesus saw how he gave up his spirit, he said, "Certainly, this man was the Son of God!”
  44. 44. • Christ drew near to us so we can draw near to him. • He "befriended outcast people & lived life in proximity with the broken & the lost." Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  45. 45. Mark 2:15-16 – Later Jesus was having dinner at Levi's house. Many tax collectors & sinners who were followers of Jesus were eating with him & his disciples. When the scribes who were Pharisees saw him eating with sinners & tax collectors, they asked his disciples, "Why does he eat with tax collectors & sinners?"
  46. 46. Mark 1:16-20 – “As he was going along the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon & his brother Andrew. They were throwing a net into the sea because they were fishermen. Jesus said to them, "Come, follow me! I will teach you how to catch people instead of fish.” They immediately left their nets & followed him. As Jesus went on a little farther, he saw James & John, the sons of Zebedee. They were in a boat preparing their nets to go fishing. He immediately called them, & they left their father Zebedee & the hired men in the boat & followed Jesus.”
  47. 47. • God takes the form of a servant & not that of someone who rules over us. • "Shows us how love & humility reflect the true nature of God & are the key means transform human society." Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  48. 48. Mark 10:42-45 – “Jesus called the apostles & said, ‘You know that the acknowledged rulers of nations have absolute power over people & their officials have absolute authority over people. But that's not the way it's going to be among you. Whoever wants to become great among you will be your servant. Whoever wants to be most important among you will be a slave for everyone. It's the same way with the Son of Man. He didn't come so that others could serve him. He came to serve & to give his life as a ransom for many people.’”
  49. 49. • Mark 1:10-13 – “As Jesus came out of the water, he saw heaven split open & the Spirit coming down to him as a dove. A voice from heaven said, ‘You are my Son, whom I love. I am pleased with you.’ At once the Spirit brought him into the desert, where he was tempted by Satan for 40 days. He was there with the wild animals, & the angels took care of him.” • Mark 13:11 – When they take you away to hand you over to the authorities, don't worry ahead of time about what you will say. Instead, say whatever is given to you to say when the time comes. Indeed, you are not the one who will be speaking, but the Holy Spirit will.
  50. 50. Mark 3:22-30 – “The scribes who had come from Jerusalem said, ‘Beelzebul is in him,’ & ‘He forces demons out of people with the help of the ruler of demons.’ Jesus called them together & used this illustration: ‘How can Satan force out Satan? If a kingdom is divided against itself, that kingdom cannot last. And if a household is divided against itself, that household will not last. So if Satan rebels against himself & is divided, he cannot last. That will be the end of him. No one can go into a strong man's house & steal his property. First he must tie up the strong man. Then he can go through the strong man's house & steal his property. I can guarantee this truth: People will be forgiven for any sin or curse. But whoever curses the Holy Spirit will never be forgiven. He is guilty of an everlasting sin.’ Jesus said this because the scribes had said that he had an evil spirit.
  51. 51. • Dignified all that is human • Heralded the reign of God • Called people to respond in repentance & faith • This is the start of the gospel invitation Mark 1:1 – “This is the beginning of the Good News about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”
  52. 52. • Mark 1:14-15 – After John had been put in prison, Jesus went to Galilee and told people the Good News of God. He said, "The time has come, and the kingdom of God is near. Change the way you think and act, and believe the Good News."
  53. 53. • Mark 1:38-39 – Jesus said to them, “Let's go somewhere else, to the small towns that are nearby. I have to spread the Good News in them also. This is why I have come.” So he went to spread the Good News in the synagogues all over Galilee, and he forced demons out of people.
  54. 54. How does Jesus’ Incarnation relate to our lives? • Our calling is to live Christ-like lives on earth as testimonies of his goodness. • In many ways we are the only Bible many people will ever see. • In many ways the Word of God also becomes flesh in us as we live out the truths of the Bible in our own lives. • We can relate the four understandings of Christ's Incarnation in our mission to the world.
  55. 55. "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  56. 56. • Jesus lived for 30 years on earth before anyone noticed him. • Being incarnational is anonymous. • Being incarnational means becoming a part of the "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8 fabric of the community. • Shows the importance of the role of relationship in mission. • We can show God's love for people by spending time with those who feel God isn't interested in them.
  57. 57. • Jesus mixed with people from every level of society. –Pharisees –Tax Collectors –Prostitutes –Families –Crowds –Worshippers –Poor & Rich –Foreigners • We must do the same by being both present & available • What dangers exist? "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  58. 58. Mark 2:15-17 – Later Jesus was having dinner at Levi's house. Many tax collectors and sinners who were followers of Jesus were eating with him and his disciples. When the scribes who were Pharisees saw him eating with sinners and tax collectors, they asked his disciples, “Why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?” When Jesus heard that, he said to them, “Healthy people don't need a doctor; those who are sick do. I've come to call sinners, not people who think they have God's approval.” "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  59. 59. • We must commit to servanthood & humility – To each other – To the world "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  60. 60. Mark 10:42-45 – Jesus called the apostles and said, "You know that the acknowledged rulers of nations have absolute power over people and their officials have absolute authority over people. But that's not the way it’s going to be among you. Whoever wants to become great among you will be your servant. Whoever wants to be most important among you will be a slave for everyone. It's the same way with the Son of Man. He didn't come so that others could serve him. He came to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many people." "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  61. 61. • Always be willing to share the Good News with those within our world. • We are a “message tribe” – we exist to proclaim a message of Good News. • God has given us the job of proclaiming the Good News. "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  62. 62. • Mark 3:14 – He appointed 12 whom he called apostles. They were to accompany him and to be sent out by him to spread the Good News. "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  63. 63. • Mark 8:35 – Those who want to save their lives will lose them. But those who lose their lives for me and for the Good News will save them. • Mark 10:29 – Jesus said, "I can guarantee this truth: Anyone who gave up his home, brothers, sisters, mother, father, children, or fields because of me and the Good News • Mark 13:10 – But first, the Good News must be spread to all nations. "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  64. 64. • Mark 14:9 – I can guarantee this truth: Wherever the Good News is spoken in the world, what she has done will also be told in memory of her.” • Mark 16:15 – Then Jesus said to them, "So wherever you go in the world, tell everyone the Good News. • Mark 16:20 – The disciples spread the Good News everywhere. The Lord worked with them. He confirmed his word by the miraculous signs that accompanied it. "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  65. 65. ”They went out of the tomb & ran away. Shock & trembling had overwhelmed them. They didn’t say anything to anyone, because they were afraid." Mark 16:8
  66. 66. cultural group Mission into cultural group aims at establishing a faith community Stage 1: Incarnational Mission
  67. 67. stage 2: establish missional church "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 "I have become all thingsto all people, that I might by all means save some. I do it all for the sake of the gospel, so that I may share in its blessings" 1Co 9:22-23 Church is incarnated & implanted into cultural group Stage 2: Incarnational Church cultural group "the Word became flesh & dwelt among us & we have seen his glory" John 1:14 "I have become all thingsto all people, that I might by all means save some. I do it all for the sake of the gospel, so that I may share in its blessings" 1Co 9:22-23
  68. 68. Groupwork Mark 8:22ff Mark 11:12ff
  69. 69. 1. Jesus’ Failure to Heal? Mark 8:22ff – As they came to Bethsaida, some people brought a blind man to Jesus. They begged Jesus to touch him. Jesus took the blind man's hand & led him out of the village. He spit into the man's eyes & placed his hands on him. Jesus asked him, “Can you see anything?” The man looked up & said, “I see people. They look like trees walking around.” Then Jesus placed his hands on the man’s eyes a second time, & the man saw clearly. His sight was normal again. He could see everything clearly even at a distance. Jesus told him when he sent him home, “Don’t go into the village.”
  70. 70. 1. Jesus’ Failure to Heal? Then Jesus & his disciples went to the villages around Caesarea Philippi. On the way he asked his disciples, “Who do people say I am?” They answered him, “Some say you are John the Baptizer, others Elijah, still others one of the prophets.” He asked them, "But who do you say I am?” Peter answered him, “You are the Messiah!” He ordered them not to tell anyone about him.
  71. 71. 1. Jesus’ Failure to Heal? Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man would have to suffer a lot. He taught them that he would be rejected by the leaders, the chief priests, & the scribes. He would be killed, but after three days he would come back to life. He told them very clearly what he meant. Peter took him aside & objected to this. Jesus turned, looked at his disciples, & objected to what Peter said. Jesus said, “Get out of my way, Satan! You aren’t thinking the way God thinks but the way humans think.”
  72. 72. 1. Jesus’ Failure to Heal? Then Jesus called the crowd to himself along with his disciples. He said to them, “Those who want to follow me must say no to the things they want, pick up their crosses, & follow me. Those who want to save their lives will lose them. But those who lose their lives for me & for the Good News will save them. What good does it do for people to win the whole world yet lose their lives? Or what should a person give in exchange for life? If people are ashamed of me & what I say in this unfaithful & sinful generation, the Son of Man will be ashamed of those people when he comes with the holy angels in his Father’s glory.”
  73. 73. Conclusion • Why didn’t the blind man get better immediately? Why does it seem like Jesus’ didn’t heal the man completely the first time? Why were there two stages to the healing? Did he make a mistake or was he not powerful enough? • Is the blind man an example of a larger thing? • In this story, who are the real blind people who need to be healed twice? • Am I also blind to the truth? What truths about Jesus don’t I see?
  74. 74. Conclusion • The story of the blind man being healed again is talking about how people needed to be healed again of their understanding of who Jesus was. It was not enough for them to realise who he was, they also needed to understand what he came to do – that he came to suffer and die. • The story of Jesus interaction with the blind man is talking about how the disciples also needed to see clearly who Jesus was.
  75. 75. 2. Jesus & the Fig Tree Mark 11:12ff – The next day, when they left Bethany, Jesus became hungry. In the distance he saw a fig tree with leaves. He went to see if he could find any figs on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves because it wasn't the season for figs. Then he said to the tree, "No one will ever eat fruit from you again!" His disciples heard this.
  76. 76. 2. Jesus & the Fig Tree When they came to Jerusalem, Jesus went into the temple courtyard & began to throw out those who were buying & selling there. He overturned the moneychangers' tables & the chairs of those who sold pigeons. He would not let anyone carry anything across the temple courtyard. Then he taught them by saying, "Scripture says, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations,’ but you have turned it into a gathering place for thieves.” When the chief priests & scribes heard him, they looked for a way to kill him. They were afraid of him because he amazed all the crowds with his teaching. (Every evening Jesus & his disciples would leave the city.)
  77. 77. 2. Jesus & the Fig Tree While Jesus & his disciples were walking early in the morning, they saw that the fig tree had dried up. Peter remembered what Jesus had said, so he said to Jesus, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree you cursed has dried up.” Jesus said to them, “Have faith in God! I can guarantee this truth: This is what will be done for someone who doesn’t doubt but believes what he says will happen: He can say to this mountain, ‘Be uprooted & thrown into the sea,’ & it will be done for him. That’s why I tell you to have faith that you have already received whatever you pray for, & it will be yours. Whenever you pray, forgive anything you have against anyone. Then your Father in heaven will forgive your failures.”
  78. 78. Conclusion • What does the fig tree signify? • Why are there two parts to this story? • Why did Jesus curse the fig tree? • Is it possible that the fig tree is an example of a larger thing? What do you think it represents? • Who or what is the real fig tree? • How am I like the fig tree? Do I need to be curse?
  79. 79. • The fig tree is really a story of the Temple. The Temple was intended to bear fruit – as a house of prayer for the nations – but since it was not doing that it would be done away with & replaced with something better suited to fruit-bearing.

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