4. Speaker Roles
Gives the team line and model (if needed)
AFFIRMATIVE: States team’s view of the definition
NEGATIVE: Rebuts opponents arguments (approximately
one quarter of speech)
Explains the team split (what they intend to cover and
what 2nd speaker will cover)
Argues a case: introduce 1 or 2 good arguments.
5. Speaker Roles
Rebuts main arguments of their opponent: approximately
one-quarter to one-third of speech
Reminds audience of what first speaker covered and what
they are going to cover
Argues a case: introduces about 2 to 3 arguments (other
team makes notes for rebuttal)
6. Speaker Roles
Rebuts opponents’ arguments – about 6-8 rebuttals
(other team makes notes for rebuttal) – three quarters of
Summarizes the arguments of the first and second speaker
Concludes with the team line
Matter is your material – the stuff that you
Worth 40% of your score.
Must have arguments which are backed up by
Every argument should pass two tests:
1. Is the argument logical (i.e. does it make sense?)
2. Is the argument relevant (i.e. can it be linked back to
the topic you are arguing?)
9. MatterExample: “People should go vegetarian because
it results in a much healthier diet.”
Example: “A vegetarian diet will be high in
fruits and vegetables, which in turn provides
the body with many more vitamins and
minerals and a much lower amount of fat than
a meat-based diet, all of which help people
live longer, healthier lives.”
Example: For example, a recent British study
found that a vegetarian diet resulted in a 25%
decrease in heart disease, while a vegan diet
saw a 57% lower incident of heart disease
when compared with a meat-based diet.”
Manner relates to your presentation – how
you deliver your speech.
Worth 40% of your score.
An engaging delivery is needed to make sure
that people listen to your arguments.
Includes: tone, volume, pacing hand gestures,
eye contact, stance, and use of notes.
Your method is how well organised your
speech is and how well you fulfil your
Worth 20% of your score.
Clarity and structure!
Determined by things like:
Keeping to the time limit
Having a clear team split
12. Method (20%)
o organization of material
o proper fulfillment of
o time management
o general knowledge
o persuasive arguments
o gesture and stance
15. Final Tips:
• Try to have some good rebuttals prepared for the
other team’s strongest/most likely points.
• Good delivery comes from familiarity with what
you are discussing – research thoroughly and
prepare what you can.
• Give us your best points early on – your strongest
arguments should be with your first speaker.
• Don’t go over or under time – pay close attention
to the knocks, start summing up after the first
knock and sit down within a two sentences of
hearing the second knock.