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Education and Technology, Synergies and on-going Activities

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Distinguished IEEE Education Society presented by Manuel Castro, IEEE Fellow, on a webinar of the Portuguese Chapter of IEEE Education Society in May, 2019 (http://sites.ieee.org/portugal-es/home/2019-webinar-cycle/)

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Education and Technology, Synergies and on-going Activities

  1. 1. Education and Technology, Synergies and on-going Activities Manuel Castro, Ph.D., Professor, UNED (Spain) IEEE Fellow - IEEE Distinguished Lecturer IEEE Division VI Director - IEEE Education Society President Emeritus mcastro@ieec.uned.es http://www.slideshare.net/mmmcastro/ IEEE Education Society Distinguished Lecturer Program IEEE Education Society Portuguese Chapter, Aveiro, Portugal IEEE Education Society Spanish Chapter 13th May 2019
  2. 2. Final Conference, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Amman, Jordan 29 September 2015 INDEX • Education actors & relation to Technology • How is evolving Education … • Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering • Practical competences: Laboratories, Virtual, Pocket and Remote • How is evolving Education … and the World & Education … • Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies • Platforms, Engineering Education, X-Learning • Open View: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs • Smart world … Smart Education • Conclusions
  3. 3. SUMMARY Our world is in continuous change, and inside the Engineering Education arena we saw those changes arising mainly in the recent years. Teaching methodologies are evolving such as remote, pocket and virtual laboratories, MOOCs and blended learning, among others like learning analytics, big data, artificial intelligence or machine learning, assessment and engagement, they will be analyzed and connected. Those activities and learning technologies are impacting Engineering Education some of them in a softly way, some of them in a disruptive way, but always adding new ideas, methods and best practices to the world of the engineering and education. The evolution of teaching through face-to-face, distance learning and now online learning will be linked to the increasing use of technology in teaching, analyzing the main critical factors in the EHEA as changes followed by other areas like Middle East, North Africa, USA, LatinAmerica and Australasia. This evolution is a key driving factor towards blended learning and jumping to Open Education (OERs, OCW and MOOCs) which are caused today by a change in the higher education paradigm pushed by the international crisis as well as the in-depth refurbishing of the public and private university roles in the different education steps and in life-long learning. New (and old) advances on the area of intelligence bring new changes on employability, lifelong educational or vocational training are part of our new world, where social intelligence is day to day part of our lives
  4. 4. Education Actors ? https://ined21.com/una-forma-de-entender-la-educacion/ Administrators Instructional Designers Material designers Curators Tutors Animators Peer-Students Senior Students Students Teachers FamilyProfession Teacher centered – 10 hours/credit Student centered – 25- 30 hours/credit (ECTS) Happy Projects – PBL for Young students
  5. 5. Technology and Education Relation ? Good teaching may overcome a poor choice of technology but technology will never save bad teaching https://www.tonybates.ca/ Learning online requires students with self- discipline and able to work to a self-managed schedule. This takes training and practice. And are times for online and for traditional Personal priorities in online learning: 1. increasing access and flexibility 2. developing 21st century skills 3. reducing inequalities in the education system 4. increasing the cost-effectiveness of education
  6. 6. How is evolving Education ? http://www.laverdad.com
  7. 7. How will evolve Education ? Vision from the past >>> Rob Reilly used firstly in Spain in 2011 http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/feuill/index.htm http://darcynorman.net/2011/02/24/the-future-of-education-ca-1910 / http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b1.htm Villemard, 1910 À l’ École from visions de l’an 2000
  8. 8. How will evolve Education ? Vision from the future >>> Vision from the XXI Century of the information: upload to instant through “AI & machine learning”
  9. 9. How is evolving Education ? Digitalization and Social Media >>>
  10. 10. Redesign of the Teaching and Learning Cycle in Engineering Theory Contents Practical Contents Exercices Virtual Labs Remote Labs Real Labs Simulation GRADING Evaluation Assessment Pocket Labs Freshmen Sophomore Senior GRADING Evaluation Assessment
  11. 11. How is evolving Education ? Future is here Internet Estudiante Estudiante Internet Servidor Data Base ? ? InstrumentosControlador Software Lab LMS M I D D L E W A R E Internet Internet ? ? InstrumentosControlador Software Lab Estudiante Profesor Profesor Ubiquity and Technology >>>
  12. 12. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ?
  13. 13. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ? Evolution of Laboratories (I) Hands On Labs (traditional/ on-site-distance) Simulators (Spice)
  14. 14. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ? Evolution of Laboratories (II) New Simulators (GUI) Virtual/SW labs
  15. 15. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ? Evolution of Laboratories (III) Remote Labs
  16. 16. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ? Evolution of Laboratories (IV) Pocket Labs 50 years ago at UNED we develop/use a briefcase lab and their modular technology
  17. 17. How is evolving Education ? Higher Education ? Practical Competences ? STEM ? Evolution of Laboratories (and V) Federated Labs Farm Labs https://www.labshare.edu.au/ http://www.ieec.uned.es/pilar-project/
  18. 18. How is evolving Education ? Publications ? Blogs ? Gutemberg 1450 … 200x BOOKs … … bookstores … Digital libraries NO books Contents Formal Critical learning Confidence Systematic evaluation 201x Web BLOG Open Reusable - OER
  19. 19. Education is moving … with or without you Diffusion MOOC (2014) >>> Contents Informal Critical learning Confidence Continuous evaluation & peer-to-peer ENGAGEMENT
  20. 20. Education is moving >>> with or without you Games-like analytics competences Hangout BYOD
  21. 21. Education is moving >>> with or without you + + 1990 2020 2010
  22. 22. How is evolving our World ?  1.000.000 years ago – 100.000 in Africa  300.000 years ago – 1.000.000 in Eurasia  Roman Empire – 200.000.000 (25% Mediterranean Sea and 25% in China)  XVIII Century (industrial revolution) – 1.000.000.000  XXI Century (ICT) – 10.000.000.000 (2060)  60% more births than died  Slowing birth rate http://www.worldometers.info/es/ http://www.demographics.at/
  23. 23. How is evolving our World ? Concentration Skin effect … water Media Technology Comunication Commerce Climate Larger differences
  24. 24. How is evolving our World ?
  25. 25. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 Millions of people (2014/06) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 People Internet Millions How is evolving our World ?
  26. 26. How is evolving our World ? 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Facebook GoogleApps YouTube WhatsApp China India WeChat Instagram LinkedIn USA Twitter Indonesia Brasil Pakistan Nigeria Bangladesh Rusia Mexico Japan Millions de people (2019/05) 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 Millions 0 200 400 2010 2013 2016 2020 TV (USA) Digital Media
  27. 27. How is evolving our World ?
  28. 28. How is evolving our World ? Geotechnology ? Cybergeographies ? Cybersecurity ? North America European Union Russia ChinaUAE https://cybermap.kaspersky.com/
  29. 29. How is evolving our World ? And Education ?
  30. 30. How is evolving our World ? And Education ? ABET Research Teaching Recovery $$$
  31. 31. How is evolving our World ? Employment ? The top 10 on CareerBuilder’s list, with percentage growth over the next five years: • Online retailing – 32% • Translation services – 28% • Physical/occupational/speech therapy – 25% • Home health care – 24% • Retirement centers – 24% • Telemarketing bureaus, other customer contact centers – 20% • Marketing consulting – 20% • Environmental/conservation organizations – 19% • Computer system design – 19% • Portfolio management – 18% Fourth Industrial Revolution Technological Disruption
  32. 32. How is evolving our World ? Industry ? CEOs thinking ? Three approaches for creating and profiting from disruption: • in-house innovation, • partnerships, • and acquiring technology Fully 61 percent of global execs and 78 percent of U.S. execs are concerned about the speed of technological change in their industry https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/nondisruptive-creation-rethinking-innovation-and-growth/ Creation: • disruptive, • non-disruptive New ways of growing over previous path
  33. 33. How is evolving our World ? Intelligence ? Intelligence in the working place? Emotional • Today actions managed for the best reality • Feelings and facial Social • Manage today actions for the future • Personalities and survive https://medium.com/personal-development-success/social-intelligence- vs-emotional-intelligence-whats-the-difference-7c759365127b https://blog.adioma.com/9-types-of-intelligence-infographic/
  34. 34. How is evolving our World ? And Education ? Conscience on Energy effects Renewable Energies World sustainability Energy efficiency Smart … ... Live ... grids ... cities ... education
  35. 35. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies Traditional Education Distance Education ◦ Mixed models On-Line Education Blended Learning ◦ Traditional and mixed ◦ Distance and on-line ◦ Synchronous ◦ Asynchronous ◦ Formal ◦ Flipped ◦ Continuous ◦ Informal 1984 2019 Mixed Distance Traditional Mixed Distance/On-line Traditional
  36. 36. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> YOUR Learning Platform: how effective, flexible and integrated is Open Software ◦ Moodle ◦ Canvas ◦ dotLRN ◦ Sakai ◦ ATutor ◦ Whiteboard ◦ Google Proprietary solution ◦ Blackboard/WebCT ◦ Docebo ◦ Gradepoint ◦ Desire2Learn ◦ Learn.com
  37. 37. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies Wiki & Blogs Discussion boards & Chats Educational animation e-mail ePortfolios Games Hypermedia LMS MP3 Players Multimedia CD- DVD ROMs Screencasts Simulation Virtual & knowledge based classrooms Websites & Web 2.0 & 3.0 Podcast & videocast Remote & Virtual Labs
  38. 38. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies E-learning B-learning (blended) M-learning (mobile) U-learning (ubiquitous) P-learning (pervasive) A-learning (ambience) C-learning (capacity) T-learning (digital TV) V-learning (video or visual)
  39. 39. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Engineering Education explosion Accreditation Blended Learning ◦ Personalization ◦ On-line ◦ Collaborative ◦ Project based ◦ Problem based ◦ Ubiquous Technology use Social media Flipped Classroom Open: ◦ OER & OCW ◦ MOOC Artificial intelligence Machine learning Deep learning
  40. 40. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Engineering Education explosion >>> BUT any technology has a lifecycle Trigger Use Overuse Stabilization Technology start-up • Trigger • Use • Stabilization • Overuse • Nonuse http://www.obrasweb.mx/construccion/2013/02/08/montanas-rusas-la-ingenieria-reta-a-la-ley-de-gravedad/
  41. 41. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> 100 more used Tools (students view) in Education in 2013 … Jane Hart http://c4lpt.co.uk/top100tools/ In 2014 Moodle down 12 and LinkedIn up 10 Gmail 31 Audacity 22 Coursera 38 Khan Academy 40 2014-2013 1YouTube 2Powerpoint 3Google Search 4Twitter 5LinkedIn 6 Google Docs & Drive 7Word 8WordPress 9Slack 10Zoom 11Wikipedia 12WhatsApp 13Dropbox 14Feedly 15Facebook 16OneNote 17Excel 18Skype 19Prezi 20Kahoot 21Trello 22Canva 23Articulate 24Camtasia 25Snagit 26Instagram 27Microsoft Teams 28Padlet 29Pinterest 30TED Talks/Ed 31Coursera 32Easygenerator 33Adobe Captivate 34Lynda/LI Learning 35Pocket 36Udemy 37H5P 38Evernote 39Yammer 40SharePoint 41Gmail 42Moodle 43Adobe Photoshop 44Audacity 45Powtoon 46Outlook 47Degreed 48Diigo 49Cisco WebEx 50OneDrive 2018
  42. 42. Education and progress in the use of Learning Technologies >>> Horizon Report in 2013 … 2017 … 2022 https://www.nmc.org/nmc-horizon/
  43. 43. Engineering Education Technologies Report – 2019 Engineering Education Report – 2011-2015 http://ohm.ieec.uned.es/EERT/
  44. 44. Open: from the Learning Objects (LO) to OCW and to MOOCs Learning Object: IEEE Standard (educational object) Metadata must include all the information the user must need Learning object repositories are the best way to share knowledge (UNED repository, MERLOT, etc.) Learning objects are the best way to solve: • Interoperability • Reusability • Automatic updates • Personalization
  45. 45. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs
  46. 46. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Open Educational Resources (OER-REA): • Learning Objects (LO) IEEE Standard and Metadata Open Source Open Access
  47. 47. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Open Course Ware: MIT idea expanded to the world (course content) Main objective was to offer learning materials to the Society in an open way at no aditional cost Now MIT is offering more than 2,000 courses • Open and free and • Universally accesible in the Internet eduCommons environment OCW Consortium: any course, any language, any continent
  48. 48. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs MOOC: Massive Open On-line Course (learning delivery) Evolution from LO to OCW to MOOC • Communications evolution • Social networks evolution and use on learning • Mobility and ubiquity evolution use on learning • Collaborative environment evolution • Specialized environment evolution • OCW / Khan Academy
  49. 49. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Evolution to the openess: Learning Objects (units) >>> Open Course Ware (contents) >>> MOOC (delivery) • Course design – vídeo paradigm – evaluation – contents • Difference between OPEN and FREE • Author grants and use • Copyright / Copyleft (Creative Commons) • Too much students • Any place access online
  50. 50. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Massive Open On-line Course • Courses o not courses ? • Open or not open ? • On-line or not on-line ? • Massive or not massive ? MOOC / SPOC / MOOL >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> MOOC with RL
  51. 51. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Catch the wave …
  52. 52. Open: from the Learning Objects to OCW and to MOOCs Catch the wave … and take CARE !!!
  53. 53. The Learning Pyramid - William Glasser - 1990 – 1998 Final Conference, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, Amman, Jordan 29 September 2015 Face-to-face Traditional Education MOOC PBL - Labs Blended Learning
  54. 54. OPEN: Building Learning bdesham http://www.flickr.com/photos/bdesham/2432400623 Nathan Sawaya – The Art of the Brick (Reuters)
  55. 55. OPEN: Innovation, Learning, Collaborative, Quality Open Education (OE): Innovations for changing & opening up education to improve the quality >>> MOOQ >>> Inclussion
  56. 56. • Smart Education • Smart University • … Smart Cities (Smarts – Car2Go, Smart Living, …) • … Smart World (Smart Grids) • … Internet of Things • … Industry 4.0 / e-Health 4.0 • … Mobility – Usability • … Sustainability and Respect to Environment
  57. 57. • Smart Blackboards • Smart Classes • Smart Libraries • Smart Universities • Smart Campus • Contents • Methodology • Curriculum • Platform • Teaching & Learning • Technology • Processes • Comunications • Collaboration • Data & Big Data
  58. 58. • People Centred Smart Learning Ecosystem – ASLERD (Association for Smart Learning Ecosystems and Regional Development) – EADTU (European Association od Distance Teaching Universities) – EATEL (European Association of Technology Enhanced Learning) – EDEN (European Distance and E‐learning Network) – IAFeS (International Association for e‐Science) • Technology, learning, student center education, open, inclusive, social commitment, adaptative
  59. 59. Conclusions Modernizing Education Importance of practical competences in Engineering and labs • real, virtual, pocket and remote Technology Enhanced Education improves Engineering learning Collaborative multicultural projects Blended learning Open Access, open contents and open education
  60. 60. Education and Technology, Synergies and on-going Activities Manuel Castro, Ph.D., Professor, UNED (Spain) IEEE Fellow - IEEE Distinguished Lecturer IEEE Division VI Director - IEEE Education Society President Emeritus mcastro@ieec.uned.es http://www.slideshare.net/mmmcastro/ IEEE Education Society Distinguished Lecturer Program IEEE Education Society Portuguese Chapter, Aveiro, Portugal IEEE Education Society Spanish Chapter 13th May 2019

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