By the end of the lesson, you will
be able to:
a) Understand the purpose of
writing an argumentative essay
b) Revise on the features and
format of a type of exposition
What is the point of arguing?
• You want to get your point across!
• You want others to believe in what you
have to say.
• An argumentative essay does the same
thing – it tries to convince readers of
your point of view.
What’s the point of an
In argumentative writing, a writer takes a
position for or against an issue and writes to
convince the reader to believe or do
Argumentative essays are written to get the
reader to accept a point of view. In order to
convince the reader, you need more than an
opinion; you need facts or examples to back
up your opinion.
FORMAT - INTRODUCTION
• What can you say is special about these
i. “Cigarettes are the number one cause
of lung cancer in Canada!” – Opening
with a SHOCKING statement.
ii. “Elbert Hubbard once said, “Truth is
stronger than fiction.”- Opening with a
iii. “Have you ever considered how many
books we’d read if it were not for
television?” – Opening with a RHETORIC
A question that doesn’t need an
answer – it is used to empahsise a
point to the reader
iv. 65% of road accidents are caused by
drink driving.” – Opening with a
STATISTIC. This helps to add emphasis or
interest to your topic. It may be wise to
include where you got the statistic from.
These intros have a “hook or “grabber
to attract the reader’s attention.
(i) an attention-grabbing opening, the
INTRODUCTION should also include
(ii) your opinion – this tells the reader the
main point of your essay.
Opening with a
Example introduction: strong statement
Of all the problems facing the
environment today, the one that bothers
me the most is global warming. Some
scientists say that the earth is getting
warmer because of the greenhouse effect.
In this paper I will describe the
greenhouse effect and whether the
earth’s atmosphere is actually getting
• You must then provide ARGUMENTS to
support your opinion. Each paragraph is
based on a solid reason to back your
• Since almost all issues have sound
arguments on both sides of the question, a
good argumentative writer tries to
ANTICIPATE opposing viewpoints. One of
the paragraphs in the body should be used
to discuss OPPOSING viewpoints and
To help elaborate each argument, use
• Use examples, real-life experiences,
statistics or research.
• Give a scenario, especially when you want
the reader to see a different point of view.
Use cues for the reader eg. suppose if,
what if, imagine.
• A piece of argumentative writing usually
ends by SUMMARISING the most
important details of the argument and
stating once again what the reader is to
FOR or AGAINST.
In your conclusion,
• Restate your opinion
• Summarize the main points of your
• Write a personal comment of call for
action. You can do this:
– With a Question: Closing with a question lets
your readers make their own predictions,
draw their own conclusions.
– With Recommendations: Stress or
recommend the action you want the readers