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Public Speaking

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Public Speaking

  1. 1. Public Speaking Understanding basic public speaking skills.
  2. 2. Purpose of Public Speaking? <ul><li>Transmit information </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate people </li></ul><ul><li>Persuade people </li></ul><ul><li>Simply telling a story </li></ul>
  3. 3. Choosing and Refining a Topic <ul><li>Select a topic that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matters to you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is appropriate to your situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is appropriate to your audience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrow your topic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Analyzing the Audience <ul><li>Gathering audience demographic data; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupation & income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audiences have interests, understanding, and ambitions, all of which affect their receptiveness </li></ul>
  5. 5. Considering the Setting <ul><li>The setting influence to meet the audiences’ expectations and determining the tone of the speech. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time of the speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location where the speech will be given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary equipments </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Preparing the Introduction <ul><li>Introduction is a critical in establishing relationship with the audience. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask Rhetorical questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relate the topic to your audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arouse curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin with a quotation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell a related story </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful with jokes </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Body of Speech <ul><li>Personal Experiences/Anecdotes </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes from Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Use Vivid Language </li></ul>
  8. 8. Outlining the Conclusion <ul><li>“All’s well that ends well” </li></ul><ul><li>-Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><li>Summary conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Story conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to action conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional impact conclusions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Verbal Components <ul><li>Includes variables such as pitch, rate, volume, pronunciation, articulation, pauses, and general variation of voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak to be understood – loud enough, doesn’t mumble, doesn’t speak too fast, pronounces words correctly </li></ul><ul><li>Speak with variety – not monotone, uses inflection correctly, uses pauses appropriately </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nonverbal Components <ul><li>Good eye contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures are natural, match the message, and aren’t used to much. </li></ul><ul><li>Movement is purposeful, natural, and not distracting (e.g., swaying, tapping foot, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Posture is appropriate – not slouching, hands in pockets, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Facial expressions – animated, but not over theatrical, and has to match the message. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal appearance is appropriate for the audience and the occasion. </li></ul><ul><li>Usage of visual aids as a helping hand. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Coping with Nervousness <ul><li>It is important to learn to cope with the fear or anxiety about public speaking. Here are some of the ways; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick a topic you are comfortable with. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take time to prepare. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control food and beverages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize successful speaking experiences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pause a few seconds before you begin. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Thank You Have a nice day!