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Iron and steel industry

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Iron and steel industry

  1. 1. Iron and steel industry In India India has steel producing centres at Bhilai, Durgapur, Burnpur, Jamshedpur, Rourkela, Bokaro. These steel producing centres are located in four states. W.B, Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh.
  2. 2. Other important steel producing centres are Bhadravati and Vijayanagar in Karnataka Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh Salem in Tamil Nadu
  3. 3. India’s steel production has increased from 1 million tonne in 1947 to 30 million tonnes in 2002.
  4. 4. Tata Iron and Steel Company, Jamshedpur Established before independence, it was the only iron and steel company in India b4 1947. It is privately owned by TATA group. TISCO was started in 1907 at Sakchi near the rivers Subarnarekha and Kharkai. The most conveniently situated iron and steel company in India.
  5. 5. Jamshedpur on Google Earth
  6. 6. Reasons to choose Sakchi It is only 32 km away from Kalimati station. Close to the iron ore, coal and manganese TISCO gets coal from Jharia coal fields, iron ore, deposits limestone dolomite and manganese from Orissa and Chhattisgarh. Close to Kolkata, which is a large market. The two rivers provide adequate water supply.
  7. 7. Several other industries have been set up after TISCO. They produce Chemicals Locomotive parts Agricultural equipment Machinery Tinplate Cable and wire
  8. 8. The development of iron and steel industry boosted the industrial development in India. Almost all the sectors of Indian industry depends on iron and steel industry for their basic infrastructure.
  9. 9. Pittsburgh Coal is available locally. Iron ore comes from Minnesota, 1500km from Pittsburgh Transportation of ore is via Great Lakes Waterway
  10. 10. The Great Lakes Waterway
  11. 11. The Great Lakes Waterway is one of the best routes for shipping iron ore cheaply. Iron ore is shipped from Minnesota to Pittsburgh via Great Lakes Waterway and railway. The Ohio, Monongahela and Allegheny rivers provide water supply.
  12. 12. Cotton Textile Industry The term ‘textile’ is derived from Latin word te x te re which means to weave. Weaving cloth from yarn is an ancient art.
  13. 13. The fibres that are used for textile industry can be Natural fibres are, wool, silk, cotton, linen and jute Man made fibres include nylon, polyester, acrylic and rayon
  14. 14. Weaving cloth is one of the oldest industries of the world. Till the industrial revolution, cotton cloth was made by hand spinning techniques. Introduction of power looms boosted the development of cotton textile industry in England and later in other parts of the world.
  15. 15. Today, India, China, Japan and USA are the important producers of cotton textiles. B4 the British rule Indian hand spun cloth had a wide market. Muslins of Dhaka, Chintzes of Masulipatnam, Calicos of Calicut and Gold-wrought cotton pieces of Burhanpur, Surat and Vadodara.
  16. 16. The first successful cotton textile mill was established in Mumbai in 1854 The warm moist climate Port for importing & exporting Availability of raw material and skilled labour
  17. 17. Now, some of the other centres of cotton industry are Coimbatore Kolkata Kanpur Ludhiana Chennai Pondichery Ahmedabad Mumbai Panipat
  18. 18. Ahmedabad Located in Gujarat on the banks of Sabarmati river First mill was in 1859 It soon became the second largest textile hub in India after Mumbai. It is called the Manchester of India.
  19. 19. Located in the heart of a cotton growing area Raw material is easily available. Climate is ideal for spinning and weaving. Land is suitable for establishment of the mills. Skilled and semi-skilled labour is available cheaply. Well developed transport system ensures easy transport of textiles.
  20. 20. Decline of mills in Ahmedabad in recent years About one-third of Indian textile production is exported Due to emergence of new textile centers Non-upgradation of machinery and technology
  21. 21. Osaka, Japan Known as the Manchester of Japan Climate is ideal for spinning and weaving Land is suitable for establishment of the mills Skilled and semi-skilled labour is available cheaply Port facility for import and export
  22. 22. Cotton is imported from India, Egypt, China and USA Finished product is exported and has a good market Now a days, cotton industry of Osaka is being replaced by other industries like, Iron and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and cement
  23. 23. Information Technology
  24. 24. Information Technology industry deals with the storage, processing and distribution of information Is a global industry Main factors of location of these industries are Resource availability, cost and infrastructure
  25. 25. Major centres of IT are Silicon Valley, California Bangalore, India
  26. 26. Locational advantages of Silicon Valley and Bangalore Both are located in mild climate, dust free regions Bangalore has the largest number of educational institutions and IT colleges in India
  27. 27. Bangalore is dust free with low cost of living Availability of skilled managers and workforce with experience Excellent transport facilities are available
  28. 28. Silicon Valley, California Close to some of the most advanced technological and scientific centres of the world Pleasant climate with clean environment Located close to major airports
  29. 29. Other emerging cities of IT industry in India are Mumbai Pune Chennai Thiruvanantapuram Hyderabad Kochi New Delhi Chandigarh Gurgaon