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The Ancient Empires of the Bible: The Assyrians

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This lesson explores one of the most brutal and warlike groups in ancient history, the Assyrians. However, we learn that they were also a highly inventive people and that the groups they resettled in the Holy Land brought advances that paved the way for the spread of the gospel.

Publicado en: Meditación
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The Ancient Empires of the Bible: The Assyrians

  1. 1. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Understanding the People of the Biblical World One of God’s “Rosetta Stones” for Understanding God’s Word
  2. 2. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Assyrians
  3. 3. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld An Oversimplified Timeline of the Bible (+ or - 100 years) 2000 BC Abraham 1500 BC Moses 1000 BC David 500 BC Babylonian Captivity 4 BC Birth of Jesus The Assyrians
  4. 4. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Racial Background •The Assyrians are a Semitic people native to Mesopotamia. •They are Mediterranean Caucasians, distinct from both the Jews and the Arabs.
  5. 5. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Where is Assyria? Assyria’s traditional borders span four modern countries.
  6. 6. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Akkadian
  7. 7. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld
  8. 8. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld AssyrianReligion
  9. 9. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Assyrian Religion •Polytheistic •Astral deities •Shared belief in Marduk.
  10. 10. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Assyrian Religion The Assyrians believed that Marduk created human beings to do all the labor so the gods could live lives of leisure.
  11. 11. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld It’s Good to Be The King The Assyrians believed that their kings were extraordinary mortals, chosen by the gods to serve as their representative on earth.
  12. 12. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The First Assyrian King Sargon of Akkad Began his reign in 2371 B.C.
  13. 13. Middle Assyrian Empire Expansion Turkey Saudi Arabia Egypt
  14. 14. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Fertile Crescent
  15. 15. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Assyrians were an inventive people! Locks and Keys
  16. 16. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Paved Roads The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  17. 17. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld First Postal System The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  18. 18. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Magnifying Glass The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  19. 19. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Libraries The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  20. 20. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Electric Batteries The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  21. 21. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Plumbing and Flush Toilets The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  22. 22. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Guitars The Assyrians were an inventive people!
  23. 23. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Ideas that Shaped the World
  24. 24. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld An awful first
  25. 25. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Isaiah 5 25 Therefore the LORD's anger burns against his people; his hand is raised and he strikes them down. The mountains shake, and the dead bodies are like refuse in the streets. Yet for all this, his anger is not turned away, his hand is still upraised.
  26. 26. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 26 He lifts up a banner for the distant nations, he whistles for those at the ends of the earth. Here they come, swiftly and speedily! 27 Not one of them grows tired or stumbles, not one slumbers or sleeps; not a belt is loosened at the waist, not a sandal thong is broken.
  27. 27. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 28 Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses' hoofs seem like flint, their chariot wheels like a whirlwind. 29 Their roar is like that of the lion, they roar like young lions; they growl as they seize their prey and carry it off with no one to rescue.
  28. 28. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 30 In that day they will roar over it like the roaring of the sea. And if one looks at the land, he will see darkness and distress; even the light will be darkened by the clouds.
  29. 29. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Assyrian Invasions •God will execute this judgment in three successive invasions under three, or possibly four, different Assyrian kings. •Two invasions are successful. One is almost successful until God intervenes.
  30. 30. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The First Assyrian Invasion Tiglath-Pileser III •From 738-734 B.C. Tiglath- Pileser III waged war against his long-time enemies, the Syrians.
  31. 31. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld •The Northern Kingdom of Israel allied itself with the Syrians and became a target of the Assyrians.
  32. 32. •In response the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and eastern half-tribe of Manasseh were carried away into captivity.
  33. 33. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 1 Chronicles 5:26 So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria (that is, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria), who took the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh into exile. He took them to Halah, Habor, Hara and the river of Gozan, where they are to this day.
  34. 34. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 2 Kings 15:29 29 In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali, and deported the people to Assyria.
  35. 35. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Second Assyrian Invasion Shalmaneser V (722 B.C.)
  36. 36. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 2 Kings 17 3 Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up to attack Hoshea, who had been Shalmaneser's vassal and had paid him tribute.
  37. 37. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 2 Kings 17 4 But the king of Assyria discovered that Hoshea was a traitor, for he had sent envoys to So king of Egypt, and he no longer paid tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore Shalmaneser seized him and put him in prison.
  38. 38. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 5 The king of Assyria invaded the entire land, marched against Samaria and laid siege to it for three years. 2 Kings 17
  39. 39. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 6 In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria captured Samaria and deported the Israelites to Assyria. He settled them in Halah, in Gozan on the Habor River and in the towns of the Medes. 2 Kings 17
  40. 40. The Purple Lines represent the routes of the Assyrian Captivities.
  41. 41. The Red Lines represent the routes of the Assyrian Captives relocated to Israel.
  42. 42. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Sargon II Usurped Throne from Shalmaneser
  43. 43. In my first year of reign *** the people of Samaria *** to the number of 27,290 ... I carried away. Fifty chariots for my royal equipment I selected. The city I rebuilt. I made it greater than it was before. People of the lands I had conquered I settled therein. My official (Tartan) I placed over them as governor. Sargon II
  44. 44. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Third Assyrian Invasion Sennacherib (701 B.C.) •Sennacherib captured 46 of Judah’s fortified cities. All that was left was Jerusalem.
  45. 45. Isaiah 36 18 "Do not let Hezekiah mislead you when he says, 'The LORD will deliver us.' Has the god of any nation ever delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? Have they rescued Samaria from my hand?
  46. 46. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld Isaiah 10 12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Lord has performed all His work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, that He will say, "I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his haughty looks."
  47. 47. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld 13 For he says: "By the strength of my hand I have done it, And by my wisdom, for I am prudent; Also I have removed the boundaries of the people, And have robbed their treasuries; So I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man. Isaiah 10
  48. 48. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld The Rest of the Story
  49. 49. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld A Practical Lesson Even when evil seems to have the upper hand, God is absolutely sovereign.
  50. 50. ThePeopleoftheBiblicalWorld A Practical Lesson We don’t always see this because there are times when God uses the truly UGLY to accomplish something BEAUTIFUL.
  51. 51. Other people we need to know: •Babylonians •Persians •Greeks • Romans